Barauni Thermal Power Station

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This article is part of the CoalSwarm coverage of India and coal.

The Barauni power station is a retired 320-megawatt coal-fired power station owned by Bihar State Electricity Board (now Bihar State Power Holding Company Limited) in Bihar, India.


The undated satellite photo below shows the power station in the village of Barauni in Begusarai district.

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Three 15MW units at the plant, which were commissioned in the early to mid-1960's have been decommissioned. BSPHCL states that Unit No. 4 & 5, both of which are Polish made 50MW units, were shut down in 1995 and 1996 "due to pollution problem." BSPHCL states that it proposed recommissioning the units but the Central Electricity Authority "declared revival/R&M of these units not Techno-economically viable."[1]

Expansion plans

BSPHCL has proposed a 500 megawatt (MW) coal-fired expansion to the plant, comprising two 250MW units referred to as Barauni 8 & 9. It is proposed that the new units at the existing power station be commissioned by June 2014, with the second 250MW unit commissioned four months later. BSPHCL states that it seeking to source an additional 2.65 million tonnes a year from a Ministry of Coal allocation over either the Rajmahal coal field or Urma Pahari Tola. BSPHCL states on its website that a "firm coal linkage still awaited."

The utility also states that 60 cusecs of water have been approved for the existing plant and the expansion by the Government of Bihar. However, the Central Water Commission (CWC) have only approved 45 Cusecs from the Ganga river.[2]

In 2014 it was reported that during India Prime Minister Narendra Modi's visit to Japan, an agreement was reached between the two countries to launch a feasibility study by Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) for the setting up of a 250 MW supercritical thermal power plant (STPP) in Barauni. It was reported that the land, water, and coal (1.5 million tonnes per annum) requirements for the new plant were already met, and JICA would be applying for environmental clearance.[3]

Project Details for 500 MW Expansion

Sponsor: Bihar State Power Holding Company Limited (BSPHCL)
Location: Barauni village, Begusarai district, Bihar
Coordinates: 25.3913756, 86.0234883 (exact)
Status: Pre-permit development
Capacity: 250MW
Projected in service:
Coal Type:
Coal Source: Rajmahal coal field or Urma Pahari Tola; "firm coal linkage still awaited"[2]
Estimated annual CO2:
Source of financing:
Permits: Application for Environmental clearance, India MoEF, Nov 4, 2013

Resources and articles

Related SourceWatch articles


  1. Bihar State Electricity Board, "Power Generation Status", Bihar State Electricity Board website, accessed December 2011.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Bihar State Electricity Board, "New Projects", Bihar State Electricity Board, accessed November 2011.
  3. Pranav Chaudhary, "Japan agency to study scope for supercritical thermal power plant at Barauni," TNN, Sep 3, 2014.
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