Brazil and coal

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Brazil has total coal reserves of about 30 billion tonnes, but the deposits vary by the quality and quantity. The proved recoverable reserves are around 10 billion tonnes.[1] In 2004 Brazil produced 5.4 million tonnes of coal, while coal consumption reached 21.9 million tonnes. Almost all of Brazil’s coal output is steam coal, of which about 85% is fired in power stations. Reserves of subbituminous coal are located mostly in the states of Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina and Paraná.[1]

Brazil's energy use

Brazil is the 10th largest energy consumer in the world and the largest in South America. At the same time, it is an important oil and natural gas producer in the region and the world's second largest ethanol fuel producer.

The governmental agencies responsible for energy policy are the Ministry of Mines and Energy (MME), the National Council for Energy Policy (CNPE, in the Portuguese language, the National Agency of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels (Brazil) National Agency of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels (ANP) and the National Agency of Electricity (ANEEL).[2]

State-owned companies Petrobras and Eletrobrás are the major players in Brazil's energy sector, as well as Latin America's.

Proposed coal plants

Articles and resources

Related SourceWatch articles

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 (2004). "Survey of energy resources" (PDF). World Energy Council. Retrieved on 2007-07-13.
  2. IEA. World Energy Outlook 2006. ISBN 92-64-10989-7

External resources

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