Daniel O. Graham
This article is part of the Center for Media & Democracy's focus on the fallout of nuclear "spin."
Lieutenant General Daniel O. Graham (deceased 1995), according to Group Watch, was "founder and head of High Frontier, a lobby group for former President Reagan's Strategic Defense Initiative (Star Wars)." See entry below on High Frontier.
"Lieutenant General Daniel Graham (ret.) worked for the CIA from 1963-1966 in the Office of National Estimates. During the Vietnam war from 1967-1968 he was chief of the Army's military intelligence estimates and from 1968-1971 he returned to the Office of National Estimates. In 1971 Graham served as director of collections for the Defense Intelligence Agency, the Pentagon's version of the CIA. In 1973 Graham served as a deputy to CIA Director William H. Colby and from 1974-1976 he was the director of the Defense Intelligence Agency. General Graham was appointed to the DIA by James Rodney Schlesinger. It was while serving as Director for the DIA that Graham first heard and enbraced the concept of the Peace Sheild, a network of small satellites armed with missiles designed as a defensive strategy to end the nuclear threat of MAD (Mutally Assured Destruction). The Peace Shield was later named "Star Wars" by the media. After his retirement in 1976 Graham worked as a military advisor to Ronald Reagan. Ronald Reagan quickly embraced the concept of Star Wars and incorporated it into his campaign strategy. "
Lieutenant General Graham also chaired the Coalition for the Strategic Defense Initiative, a group he formed to counter attacks on the Reagan administrations's SDI program. He [was] also a member of the American Freedom Coalition, a conservative grassroots lobby linked to the Unification Church. Graham was vice chairman of the U.S. Council for World Freedom, and has been heavily involved with the Unification Church's political arm, CAUSA, USA. Graham was a member of Team B, a group organized by then-CIA chief George Herbert Walker Bush to develop an independent judgement of Soviet military capabilities and intentions. He also headed the ad hoc, cold war group, the Emergency Coalition Against Unilateral Disarmament, a promilitary lobby group."
Born in Medford, Oregon, Daniel O. Graham attended college at the United States Military Academy at West Point. He later attended the Army's Command and General Staff College and the U.S. Army War College. During his 30 years in the military, Graham saw active duty in Germany, Korea, and Vietnam. Some key assignments included Estimator of Soviet and East European Affairs; the Office of the Chief of Staff of the Army; the Office of National Estimates of the Central Intelligence Agency, Chief of Current Intelligence and Estimates for the Military Assistance Command in Vietnam; and Director of Collections, Director of Estimates of the Defense Intelligence Agency, and Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency.
From 1973-1974, General Graham served as Deputy Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, and from 1974-1976 as Director of its military counterpart, the Defense Intelligence Agency. During his military career, Graham received some of the highest decorations our nation bestows: the Distinguished Service Medal; the Distinguished Intelligence Medal; the Legion of Merit with two oak-leaf clusters; and in 1980 the National Armed Services Award presented by the Veterans of Foreign Wars. He served as military advisor to Ronald Reagan in both the 1976 and 1980 Presidential campaigns. In 1978, Graham became Co-Chairman of the National Coalition for Peace through Strength.
In 1981, he founded and became Director of High Frontier. Lieutenant General Graham (Ret.) passed away in 1995. He was buried with full honors at Arlington Cemetary. He was survived by his seven children.