Europe and coal
|This article is part of the CoalSwarm coverage of Europe and coal|
Proposed coal plants
According to a November 2012 working paper released by the World Resources Institute, there are 69 proposed coal plants totalling 65,421 MW in Europe (excluding Russia). The paper estimated that an additional 26,000 to 48,000 MW of coal-fired electrical generating capacity will also be added in Russia by 2030, but did not list project names or locations.
Table 1 (sortable): Proposed coal plants in Europe (excluding Russia)
The following table provides a preliminary list of proposed coal plants in Europe (excluding Russia). Most locations are from the CARMA database. In cases where locations were not available from CARMA, latitude and longitude were derived by locating the nearest village, town, or city to the plant, using iTouchMap.com. Names are derived from the appendices provided in WRI's "Global Coal Risk Assessment" working paper.
Table columns may be sorted by clicking on the header.
|Albania||Porto Romano power station||Enel||shelved||1600||41.371141||19.425201|
|Austria||Enns Power Station||Energie||shelved||800||48.21309||14.475222|
|Belarus||Zelwa power station||Bielenergo||shelved||1000||53.15||24.8167|
|Belgium||Antwerp Power Station||E.ON Kraftwerke||abandoned||800||51.219216||4.402882|
|Bosnia-Herzegovina||Bugojno Thermal Power Project||applying for permits||300||44.05||17.45|
|Bosnia-Herzegovina||Gacko Thermal Power Plant Expansion||CEZ||announced||300||43.16722||18.53527|
|Bosnia-Herzegovina||Kakanj Thermal Power Plant Expansion||EPBIH||applying for permits||300||44.09555||18.11722|
|Bosnia-Herzegovina||Kamengrad Thermal Power Plant||announced||430||44.766667||16.666667|
|Bosnia-Herzegovina||Kongora Thermal Power Plant||Elektroprivreda HZHB||applying for permits||2275||43.64611||17.33139|
|Bosnia-Herzegovina||Stanari Thermal Power Plant||Dongfang Electric Corp||permitted||410||44.759289||17.823207|
|Bosnia-Herzegovina||Tuzla Thermal Power Plant Expansion||EPBIH||applying for permits||450||44.54277||18.66944|
|Bosnia-Herzegovina||Ugljevik 3||Comsar Energy Republika Srpska||applying for permits||660||44.683531||18.96885|
|Bulgaria||Bobov Dol Power Station||Energia MK||announced||400||42.28516||23.0344|
|Bulgaria||Lom Power Station||Enemona||announced||500||43.7825||23.2175|
|Bulgaria||Maritsa Iztok-1 Power Station (AES Galabovo)||AES||operating 2011||670||42.1573||25.9084|
|Bulgaria||Maritsa Iztok-2 Power Station Units 9 and 10||BEH||applying for permits||560||42.255||26.135|
|Bulgaria||Maritsa Iztok-3 Power Station||Enel||shelved||750||42.1444||26.0033|
|Croatia||Plomin C Thermal Power Plant||HEP||applying for permits||500||45.137267||14.164156|
|Czech Republic||Kladno Power Station||Alpiq||under construction||175||50.15341||14.1285|
|Czech Republic||Ledvice Power Station||CEZ||under construction||660||50.5766||13.7794|
|Czech Republic||Mostecka Power Station||CZ Coal||announced||1200||50.503||13.63617|
|Czech Republic||Prunerov Power Station||CEZ||permitted||750||50.41861||13.25861|
|Germany||Arneburg Power Station||RWE||shelved||1600||52.674146||11.998408|
|Germany||Berlin (Klingenberg) Power Station||Vattenfall||abandoned||800||52.49||13.495|
|Germany||Boxberg Power Station||Vattenfall||operating 2012||675||49.481818||9.637525|
|Germany||Brunsbüttel Power Station||SWS||abandoned||1820||53.9||9.15|
|Germany||Brunsbüttel Power Station||GDF SUEZ||abandoned||830||53.89889||9.133885|
|Germany||Datteln Power Station||E.ON||under construction||1070||51.62928||7.33067|
|Germany||Dörpen Power Station||EnBW and BKW||abandoned||900||52.967957||7.341997|
|Germany||Emden Power Station||DONG Energy||abandoned||1600||53.359403||7.20601|
|Germany||Ensdorf Power Station Expansion||RWE||abandoned||1600||49.3||6.7833333|
|Germany||Germersheim Power Station||EnBW||abandoned||800||49.214024||8.366815|
|Germany||Greifswald Power Station||DONG Energy||cancelled||1600||54.134565||13.617597|
|Germany||Herne 5 Power Station||Evonik Steag||shelved||750||51.550578||7.186947|
|Germany||Hürth Power Station||RWE Power||shelved||450||50.880593||6.888142|
|Germany||Ingelheimer Aue Power Station||KWM||cancelled||823||49.992862||8.247253|
|Germany||Jänschwalde Power Station||Vattenfall Europe||abandoned||500||51.859392||14.494332|
|Germany||Kiel Power Station||Stadtwerke Kiel and E.ON||abandoned||800||54.323293||10.122765|
|Germany||Krefeld-Uerdingen Power Station||Trianel Power Kohlekraftwerk||abandoned||810||51.356025||6.639244|
|Germany||Lausward Power Station||Stadtwerke Düsseldorf||abandoned||400||51.222374||6.740086|
|Germany||Lubmin Power Station||DONG Energy||abandoned||1620||54.134565||13.617597|
|Germany||Lünen Power Station (STEAG)||Evonik STEAG||shelved||900||51.610483||7.528507|
|Germany||Lünen Power Station (Trianel)||Trianel Power||construction frozen, permit anulled||810||51.61666||7.51666|
|Germany||Mannheim Power Station Expansion||Grosskraftwerk Mannheim (GKM)||construction||911||49.445584||8.489985|
|Germany||Mittelsbüren Power Station||SWB AG||abandoned||910||53.124816||8.692814|
|Germany||Moorburg Power Station||Vattenfall Europe||construction||1680||53.488275||9.938122|
|Germany||Neurath Power Station||RWE Rheinbraun||operating 2012||2030||51.037387||6.611753|
|Germany||Niederaussem (Bergheim) Power Station||RWE||applying for permits||2000||50.99555||6.66916|
|Germany||Niehl Power Station||RheinEnergie||abandoned||800||49.954235||6.362533|
|Germany||Profen Power Station||EPH||applying for permits||660||51.13333||12.21667|
|Germany||Quierschied-Weiher Power Station expansion||Evonik Steag||abandoned||800||49.335176||7.031465|
|Germany||Rheinhafen Power Station||ENBW||construction||910||50.393354||7.592532|
|Germany||Stade Power Station||Dow Chemical (USA)||applying for permits||1000||53.6||9.48333|
|Germany||Stade Power Station (Dow/ENBW)||Dow Deutschland and ENBW||abandoned||1000||53.6||9.48333|
|Germany||Stade Power Station (E.ON)||E.ON||abandoned||1100||53.6||9.48333|
|Germany||Stade Power Station (GDF Suez)||GDF Suez||abandoned||830||53.6||9.48333|
|Germany||Staudinger Power Station Expansion||E.ON||shelved||1100||50.092092||8.947538|
|Germany||Walsum 10 Power Station||Steag and EVN||construction||790||51.529465||6.714921|
|Germany||Westfalen Power Station - Units D and E||RWE||construction||1640||51.678623||7.970023|
|Germany||Wilhelmshaven Power Station||E.ON||abandoned||550||53.53234||8.106872|
|Greece||Agios Dimitrios 6 (Ptolemais)||PPC||announced||600||40.394251||21.925364|
|Greece||Agios Nikolaos Power Station||Endesa Hellas||shelved||600||38.9||23.03333|
|Greece||Aliveri VI power station||PPC Greece||abandoned||800||38.3896||24.0524|
|Greece||Astakos Power Station||T-Power||shelved||600||38.535719||21.082068|
|Greece||Meliti, Florina Power Station||PPC||announced||450||40.78197||21.40981|
|Greece||Ptolemaida V Power Station||PPC||permitted||600||40.409707||21.787573|
|Greece||Ptolemais Power Station||PPC||announced||660||40.512997||21.678466|
|Greece||Vegora, Florina Power Station||GEK Terna||shelved||460||40.68333||21.71666|
|Hungary||Borsod power station||AES||shelved||330||0||0|
|Hungary||Matra power station expansion||MVM||abandoned||440||47.79027||20.06358|
|Hungary||Mecsek Hills syngas (Váralja site) Phase I||Wildhorse Energy||applying for permits||61||46.229776||18.449478|
|Hungary||Mecsek Hills syngas (Váralja site) Phase II||Wildhorse Energy||applying for permits||130||46.229776||18.449478|
|Hungary||Mohacs power station||EON||abandoned||1200||46.00463||18.67943|
|Hungary||Torony power station||abandoned||600||47.238767||16.534753|
|Italy||Civitavecchia/ Torrevaldaliga Nord 1 & 2 Power Station||Enel||operating 2008||1980||42.1269||11.7583|
|Italy||Fiume Santo Power Station expansion||E.ON||permitted||410||40.85166||8.29916|
|Italy||Porto Tolle Power Station||Enel||applying for permits||1980||44.94968||12.32452|
|Italy||Rossano Calabro Power Station||Enel||abandoned||800||39.622666||16.606747|
|Italy||Saline Joniche Power Station||Repower||applying for permits||1320||37.934933||15.725|
|Italy||Vado Ligure Power Station||Tirreno Power||applying for permits||460||44.27666||8.43083|
|Kosovo||Kosovo C Power Station||KEK||announced||500||42.67675||21.0867|
|Montenegro||Maoce Power Station||tbd||announced||500||43.34704||19.359884|
|Montenegro||Pljevlja II Power Station||EPCG||unclear||230||43.3567||19.35842|
|Netherlands||Eemshaven Power Station||RWE||under construction||1600||53.440042||6.87772|
|Netherlands||Geertruidenberg Power Station||Essent||abandoned||800-1100||51.708337||4.844627|
|Netherlands||Maasvlakte Power Station (E.ON)||E.ON||under construction||1100||51.958734||4.027208|
|Netherlands||Maasvlakte Power Station (Electrabel)||GDF Suez||under construction||800||51.958734||4.027208|
|Poland||Blachownia Nowa Power Station||Tauron||shelved||309||50.783333||18.966667|
|Poland||Czeczott Power Station||RWE||abandoned||800||0||0|
|Poland||Gryfino Power Station||PGE||abandoned||1720||53.25238||14.48823|
|Poland||Gubin Power Station||PGE||applying for permits||2700||51.948982||14.728458|
|Poland||Jaworzno 3 Power Station||Tauron||permitted||910||50.20777||19.20972|
|Poland||Kedzierzyn-Koźle Power Station||Tauron||abandoned||910||50.34988||18.226184|
|Poland||Kozienice Power Station||ENEA||permitted||1000||51.58293||21.54779|
|Poland||Leczna Power Station||GDF Suez||applying for permits||766||51.3009||22.88211|
|Poland||Legnica Power Station||GDF Suez||announced||0||51.207007||16.155323|
|Poland||Lublin Power Station||PGE||applying for permit||1600||51.25||22.56666|
|Poland||Lublin-Wrotkow Power Station||PGE||abandoned||0||51.209986||22.554122|
|Poland||Opole Power Station expansion||PGE||applying for permits||1800||50.75182||17.88196|
|Poland||Ostroleka Power Station||Energa Ostroleka||permitted||1000||53.10444||21.61202|
|Poland||Piast Ruch Power Station||RWE||announced||800||50.016287||19.096709|
|Poland||Police Power Station||GDF Suez||abandoned||1430||53.552042||14.572061|
|Poland||Polnoc Power Station||Kulczyk Investments||applying for permits||2000||53.490654||14.586891|
|Poland||Puławy Power Station||Zakłady Azotowe Puławy (ZAP)||shelved||0||51.416443||21.969309|
|Poland||Rybnik Power Station||EDF||under construction||910||50.13333||18.52361|
|Poland||Siechnice Power Station||Kogeneracja S.A.||permitted||120||51.03365||17.14733|
|Poland||Siekierski Power Station||Vattenfall||shelved||400||0||0|
|Poland||Turow Power Station||PGE||announced||460||50.94861||14.91305|
|Poland||Tychy Power Station||Tauron||applying for permits||120||50.121801||19.020002|
|Poland||Wolow Power Station||PCC Rokita||shelved||900||51.341389||16.628333|
|Poland||Zabrze Power Station||Fortum||announced||350||50.324928||18.785719|
|Poland||Zarnowiec Power Station||Polish Power||shelved||800||54.787416||18.085672|
|Romania||Braila-4 Power Station||Enel/EON||applying for permits||800||45.165236||27.924064|
|Romania||Craiova II Power Station||CEZ, Edison, AES||announced||500||44.34735||23.81512|
|Romania||Doicesti Power Station||SC Doicesti||applying for permits||500||45.002896||25.397236|
|Romania||Electrocentrale Deva Power Station||SC Electrocentrale DEVA SA||announced||450||45.877049||22.913017|
|Romania||Galati-4 Power Station||Enel||applying for permits||800||45.43496||27.98178|
|Romania||Halanga, Drobeta-Turnu Severin||RAAN (Romag-Termo CHPP Romania)||announced||400||44.675201||22.688141|
|Romania||Isalnita-3 Power Station||CEN Craiova||unclear||500||44.38844||23.717422|
|Romania||Paroseni Power Station||Electrocentrale SA (Termoelectrica)||applying for permits||200||45.378559||23.29468|
|Romania||Rovinari Power Station||SC Complexul Energetic Rovinari||announced||500||44.91342||23.13367|
|Serbia||Kolubara B Power Station||EDF/Edison||applying for permits||750||44.4675||20.28444|
|Serbia||Kostolac Power Station||EPS||permitted||921||44.71194||21.16888|
|Serbia||Nicola Tesla B3 (TENT B3) Power Station||EPS||announced||700||44.65485||20.200166|
|Serbia||Stavalj Power Station||Alta AS||announced||350||43.27305||19.99944|
|Slovenia||Sostanj-6 Power Station||TES (HSE)||under construction||600||46.38||15.048611|
|United Kingdom||Blyth Power Station||REW nPower||abandoned||2400||55.126957||-1.510277|
|United Kingdom||Cockenzie Power Station (Proposed)||Iberdrola||abandoned||1200||55.967518||-2.967042|
|United Kingdom||Don Valley Power Project||Powerfuel||abandoned, CCS finance dependent||900||53.595816||-1.019411|
|United Kingdom||Eston Grange||Progressive Energy||abandoned, CCS finance dependent||800||54.566667||-1.233333|
|United Kingdom||Ferrybridge Power Station (Proposed Supercritical)||SSE||abandoned||1000||53.716748||-1.281743|
|United Kingdom||Grangemouth||Summit Power||CCS finance dependent||400||56.012083||-3.697175|
|United Kingdom||High Marnham Power Station||E.ON||abandoned||1600||53.222452||-0.792917|
|United Kingdom||Hunterston Power Station||Ayreshire Power||shelved||1600||55.720194||-4.89893|
|United Kingdom||Kingsnorth Power Station (Proposed)||E.ON||abandoned||1600||51.416713||0.603039|
|United Kingdom||Longannet Power Station (Proposed)||Iberdrola||abandoned||2400||56.049465||-3.682265|
|United Kingdom||North Killingholme IGCC Project||CGEN||abandoned, CCS finance dependent||450||53.639527||0.274234|
|United Kingdom||Tilbury Power Station (Proposed)||REW nPower||abandoned||1600||51.456521||0.388119|
|United Kingdom||Wansbeck||Progressive Energy||abandoned||800||55.183959||-1.579464|
|United Kingdom||Westfield||Global Energy||abandoned||400||50.907646||0.572934|
|Ukraine||Unnamed Ukraine power station||tbd||announced||1400|
A declining role for coal in power generation
In 2012, it was reported that coal's share of generation in Europe had declined from 39.4 percent to 25.7 percent over the past 20 years. Of the 120 coal fired power plants proposed in Europe in 2007, none have been brought to the construction stage.
In October 2008, the European Parliament's Environment Committee voted to support a limit on CO2 emissions for all new coal plants built in the EU after 2015. The so-called "Schwarzenegger clause" applies to all plants with a capacity over 300MW, and limits their annual CO2 emissions to a maximum of 500 grammes per kilowatt hour. The new emissions standard essentially rules out traditional coal plant technologies and mandates the use of Carbon Capture and Storage technologies. The Committee also adopted an amendment to support the financing of 12 large-scale commercial CCS demonstration projects, at a cost that could exceed €10 billion.
Health costs of coal
A 2013 report by the Health and Environment Alliance (HEAL) found that burning coal to produce electricity costs Europeans €42.8 billion (US $55 billion) in health care costs annually. About €8 billion of that is Poland, a heavy coal user. The new report is based on a calculation of the costs associated with premature deaths resulting from exposure to coal-related air pollution, medical visits, hospitalizations, medication and reduced activity, including working days lost.
Estimated cost of air pollution in Europe
A 2011 analysis by the European environment agency (EEA), 'Revealing the costs of air pollution from industrial facilities in Europe,' estimates that air pollution from industry costs Britain £3.4bn-£9.5bn a year in health and environmental damage. When CO2 costs are included, the figure rises to £9.5bn-£15.5bn. The industrial facilities covered by the analysis include large power plants, refineries, manufacturing combustion and industrial processes, waste and certain agricultural activities. Emissions from power plants contributed the largest share of the damage costs (estimated at €66–112 billion). Other significant contributions to the overall damage costs came from production processes (€23–28 billion) and manufacturing combustion (€8–21 billion). Sectors excluded from the EEA analysis include transport, households and most agicultural activities – if these were included the cost of pollution would be even higher.
A small number of individual facilities cause the majority of damage costs. Three quarters of the total damage costs were caused by the emissions from just 622 industrial facilities – 6 % of the total number. The facilities with emissions associated with a high damage cost are in most cases some of the largest facilities in Europe which release the greatest amount of pollutants. Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions contribute the most to the overall damage costs, approximately €63 billion in 2009. Other air pollutants, which contribute to acid rain and can cause respiratory problems - sulphur dioxide (SO2), ammonia (NH3), particulate matter (PM10) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) - were found to cause €38-105 billion of damage a year.
European Commission proposes ending state subsidies for loss-making coal mines in the EU
On July 21, 2010, the European Commission, the executive branch of the European Union, ruled that member governments of EU member states must stop granting subsidies to loss-making coal mines by the end of 2014. The directive will be implemented in January 2011, pending a European Council vote after the summer. The new rules – if implemented – will only allow governments to give operating aid to loss-making coal mines if closure plans are in place and if they are scheduled to be shut down by 2014 at the latest. The EC also suggests that government subsidies should increasingly go towards supporting the social and environmental costs of such closures, and not on other expenditures. If a mine benefits from government subsidies and doesn't close down by 2014, then it will have to return the funds.
In total, European governments paid out 3.2 billion euro in subsidies to coal in 2008, according to the Financial Times. The industry is responsible for 2.5 percent of world hard coal production. The announcement was welcomed by European environmental groups, who have lobbied hard over the past few months to thwart a draft document circulated earlier this summer that suggested continuing subsidies until 2023.
While the Commission's decision was hailed as a victory, environmentalists are still disappointed in the recent G-20 conference in Toronto, at which nations restated old pledges to curb subsidies for fossil fuels instead of offering new targets or commitments. In total, G-20 nations still hand out subsidies worth about $100 billion annually to the fossil fuel industry, according to a Greenpeace report cited by Nytimes.com.
Spain and open cast mining
In 2011 the 15M movement - originating in Madrid after a major demonstration against Spain’s economic crisis - moved away from the city and set up a camp to oppose open pit coal mining as part of its 'Take the mountain!' initiative. Hundreds of people camped to oppose mining in the Laciana valley in the Spanish north-eastern province of Leon, home to endangered species such as the brown bear.
Thousands of coal miners protest in Spain
In early July 2012, thousands of Spanish coal miners marched through Madrid's main avenue to protest a cut in government subsidies by 63% that they say will eliminate their industry. Police fired rubber bullets and protesters threw firecrackers during the contentious protests. The Industry Ministry stated the cuts were necessary to help tackle the country's growing deficit.
- Emily Rochon, "Coal-fired Power Stations and the European Union", Greenpeace International, November 29, 2007. (This report is a 1MB PDF file).
Articles and Resources
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 Ailun Yang and Yiyun Cui, "Global Coal Risk Assessment: Data Analysis and Market Research," World Resources Institute working paper, November 2012
- ↑ CARMA: Carbon Monitoring for Action, accessed December 2012
- ↑ Justin Guay, "Global Coal Markets Are Far Riskier Than You Think," Sierra Club Compass, May 30, 2012.
- ↑ "EU vote makes CCS ‘mandatory’ for coal power plants," Carbon Capture Journal, October 8, 2008. (Subscription required.)
- ↑ "Equipping power plants to store CO2 underground," European Parliament press release, October 7, 2008.
- ↑ Alex Kirby, "Coal burning exacts a lethal price - report," Climate News Network, March 7, 2013.
- ↑ "Industrial air pollution cost Europe up to €169 billion in 2009, EEA reveals" European environment agency, Nov 24, 2011.
- ↑ Remi Adekoya, "EC: subsidies must end for unprofitable coal mines" Warsaw Business Journal, July 21, 2010.
- ↑ Eben Harrell, "European Coal Mines Lose Subsidies" Time.com, July 21, 2010.
- ↑ James Kanter, "Europe’s Enduring Coal Subsidies" NYTimes.com, June 28, 2010.
- ↑ Almudena Serpis, "Spanish mountains under threat from open cast coal mining" The Ecologist, Oct. 26, 2011.
- ↑ "Thousands of coal miners in Spain protest cuts in subsidies" Detroit Free Press, July 11, 2012.
Related SourceWatch articles
Europe and coal
- Austria and coal
- Belgium and coal
- Bulgaria and coal
- France and coal
- Germany and coal
- Greece and coal
- Hungary and coal
- Italy and coal
- Netherlands and coal
- Norway and coal
- Poland and coal
- Romania and coal
- Slovakia and coal
- United Kingdom and coal
Other Countries and Coal
- Global use and production of coal
- Australia and coal
- China and Coal
- Colombia and coal
- Indonesia and coal
- Japan and coal
- New Zealand and coal
- South Africa and coal
- United States and coal
- International Energy Agency, "Coal in European Union - 27 in 2005", International Energy Agency website, accessed June 2008.
- U.S. Geological Survey, Europe and Central Eurasia 1995-2005
- U.S. Geological Survey, Germany 1994-2005
- European Environment Agency, European Pollutant Emission Register. (This has a list of power stations and their current emissions).
Articles on Coal in Europe
- "Coal-fired power station projects in Europe", Reuters, May 14, 2007.
- Matthew Lockwood, After the Coal Rush: Assessing policy options for coal-fired electricity generation, Institute for Public Policy Research, July 2008. (Pdf). See also "ippr calls for UK to lead a two year Europe-wide freeze on new coal-fired power stations", Institute for Public Policy Research, Media Release, July 2, 2008.
- "Coal-fired power generation makes a comeback as gas prices soar", Platts, January 17, 2006.
- "Progress tracker for German power plant projects", Reuters, May 16, 2008.
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