Global Climate Science Communications Plan (1998)

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Learn more from the Center for Media and Democracy's research on climate change.

The Global Climate Science Communications Plan (1998) was created by a small group of prominent industry, PR and "think tank" heads styled the "Global Climate Science Communications Team (GCSCT)", aka "Global Climate Science Team". Their plan for a campaign to confuse the public about the state of the science of global warming was laid out in a memo, which became public.[1],[2]


The memo, written by the American Petroleum Institute's Joe Walker, named the following members as having contributed to the development of the plan:

Articles and Resources

Related SourceWatch Articles


  1. Profile: Global Climate Science Team. History Commons. Retrieved on 2009-12-30. “ExxonMobil helps create the Global Climate Science Team (GCST), a small task force that is charged with discrediting the scientific consensus opinion that greenhouse gases are warming the planet”
  2. ExxonSecrets FAQ. Greenpeace USA. Retrieved on 2010-01-1. “The now famous 1998 American Petroleum Institute memo, Global Climate Science Communications Actions Plan, authored by Exxon, API and several of the individuals and organizations that headline ExxonSecrets, drew a bead on the importance of the debate on science framing...”
  3. Global warming: The campaign by the American Petroleum Institute. e_wesker. Retrieved on 2009-12-30.

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