I. Lewis Scooter Libby
I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby, Jr., Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff to Vice President Dick Cheney since 2001, resigned October 28, 2005, after being indicted on five counts which included obstruction of justice, making false statements and perjury. He was later convicted on four of the five counts, and sentenced to thirty months in prison on June 5, 2007.
The indictments resulted from a grand jury investigation which began October 31, 2003, into the leaking of covert CIA agent Valerie Plame’s name. Department of Justice Special Counsel Patrick J. Fitzgerald and FBI "investigators have been trying to determine whether Libby or any other administration officials knowingly revealed" Plame's identity or "about their involvement to investigators. Plame's husband, Joseph Wilson, is a diplomat and an opponent of the Iraq war who challenged U.S. President George W. Bush’s assertion that Saddam Hussein was in possession of nuclear materials." 
In January 2006, the Hudson Institute announced that it had appointed Libby as "a senior adviser". "Libby will focus on issues relating to the War on Terror and the future of Asia. He also will offer research guidance and will advise the institute in strategic planning," the think tank announced in a media release. 
"Cheney 'Authorized' Libby to Leak Classified Information"
Libby "testified to a federal grand jury that he had been 'authorized' by Cheney and other White House 'superiors' in the summer of 2003 to disclose classified information to journalists to defend the Bush administration's use of prewar intelligence in making the case to go to war with Iraq, according to attorneys familiar with the matter, and to court records," Murray Waas reported February 9, 2006, in the National Journal.
"Beyond what was stated in the court paper, say people with firsthand knowledge of the matter," Waas wrote, "Libby also indicated what he will offer as a broad defense during his upcoming criminal trial: that Vice President Cheney and other senior Bush administration officials had earlier encouraged and authorized him to share classified information with journalists to build public support for going to war. Later, after the war began in 2003, Cheney authorized Libby to release additional classified information, including details of the NIE, to defend the administration's use of prewar intelligence in making the case for war."
First Appearances May Be Deceiving
Libby, who made his first court appearance on Thursday, November 3, 2005, before U.S. District Judge Reggie Walton "on criminal charges stemming from the CIA leak investigation," as expected, plead innocent.
Libby has "promised a vigorous defence. ... As part of his strategy, Libby is expected to argue that any incorrect information he provided to federal investigators or the grand jury was the result of lapses in memory, rather than intentional lies, according to Libby's lawyer and other attorneys involved in the case," Reuters' Adam Entous reported October 31, 2005. (emphasis added)
Libby has "hired a leading expert in using classified information in criminal trials, giving an early hint of his possible defense strategy," James Sterngold reported in the November 23, 2005, San Francisco Chronicle. Libby "has retained John Cline, an unusually experienced attorney in cases involving classified information. Cline is a San Francisco-based partner with Jones Day, a major national law firm."
Libby's Money Men (and Woman)
On November 19, 2005, the New York Times identified some members of the group providing funds -- "a goal of about $5 million" -- for Libby's defense:
- "The group includes some of the Republican Party's best-known leaders, including two former presidential candidates, Jack F. Kemp and Steve Forbes. Others include former Senators Fred Thompson of Tennessee and Alan K. Simpson of Wyoming, and Jeane J. Kirkpatrick, the ambassador to the United Nations under President Ronald Reagan. ... Bernard Lewis, the Princeton scholar who is a historian of the Middle East, and R. James Woolsey, who served as director of central intelligence under President Bill Clinton, have also joined the group."
- "Among others who have committed to the effort are Howard Leach and the lobbyist Wayne Berman, who were fund-raisers for President Bush's political campaigns; Bill Paxon, the former Republican congressman from New York; former Ambassadors Mel Sembler and Dennis Roth; Richard Carlson, president of the Corporation for Public Broadcasting from 1992 to 1997; the magazine publisher Philip Merrill, who is also a former president and ex-chairman of the Export-Import Bank of the United States."
Also see Joe Conason, "Libby's secret defense fund. How much of the money given to Cheney's former aide will come from Halliburton et al.? The public now has no way to know," Salon, November 15, 2005. Preview or subscription required.
No Wiggle Room
"In the opening days of the CIA leak investigation in early October 2003, FBI agents working the case already had in their possession a wealth of valuable evidence," Washington Post writers Carol D. Leonnig and Jim VandeHei reported November 13, 2005.
Investigators had "White House phone and visitor logs, which clearly documented the administration's contacts with reporters," they reported, "something that law enforcement officials would later describe as their 'guidebook' for the opening phase of the investigation: the daily, diary-like notes compiled by I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby, ... that chronicled crucial events within the White house in the weeks before the identity of CIA operative Valerie Plame was publicly disclosed."
Sad Day for America
"Today, however, is not the time to analyze or to debate. And it is certainly not a day to celebrate. Today is a sad day for America. When an indictment is delivered at the front door of the White House, the Office of the President is defiled. No citizen can take pleasure from that." --Ambassador Joseph C. Wilson IV, PR Newswire, October 28, 2005.
"'This is the first time in 130 years a White House official has been indicted,' NBC's Tim Russert said." 
The Paragraph That Started It All
On October 28, 2005, The New Republic Online reposted the June 19, 2003, article "The First Casualty" by John B. Judis & Spencer Ackerman. TNR commented: "In his indictment of Lewis Libby, special prosecutor Patrick Fitzgerald cited this TNR piece. Here's the paragraph from the article that figured prominently in the indictment:
- "One year earlier, Cheney's office had received from the British, via the Italians, documents purporting to show Iraq's purchase of uranium from Niger. Cheney had given the information to the CIA, which in turn asked a prominent diplomat, who had served as ambassador to three African countries, to investigate. He returned after a visit to Niger in February 2002 and reported to the State Department and the CIA that the documents were forgeries. The CIA circulated the ambassador's report to the vice president's office, the ambassador confirms to TNR. But, after a British dossier was released in September detailing the purported uranium purchase, administration officials began citing it anyway, culminating in its inclusion in the State of the Union. 'They knew the Niger story was a flat-out lie,' the former ambassador tells TNR. 'They were unpersuasive about aluminum tubes and added this to make their case more persuasive.'"
Dick Cheney's "Dick Cheney"
"Sometimes called 'Dick Cheney's Dick Cheney,' Libby [served as] an important foreign policy adviser inside the White House and [was once] seen [as] a possible successor to national security adviser Condoleezza Rice." 
Libby's "lack-of-memory" Defense
Joseph Tate, Libby's lawyer, "is outlining a possible criminal defense that is a time-honored tradition in Washington scandals: A busy official immersed in important duties cannot reasonably be expected to remember details of long-ago conversations," the Associated Press's Pete Yost wrote October 29, 2005. "The lack-of-memory defense has worked with varying degrees of success in controversies from Iran-Contra to Whitewater."
"Tate referred to another possible line of defense," Yost wrote, "saying that 'for five years, through difficult times, Mr. Libby has done his best to serve our country.' That argument worked in the administration of President George H.W. Bush in 1992, though not in court."
Libby and Cheney Knew
Josh Marshall pointed out a "crucial piece of information" in his October 28, 2005, Talking Points. Stated on page 5 of the indictment (top of page, item #9) is found that Cheney told Libby
- "Wilson's wife worked at the Central Intelligence Agency in the Counterproliferation Division. Libby understood that the Vice President had learned this information from the CIA."
Cheney and Libby, long experienced in national security matters, both knew that the Counterproliferation Division was within the CIA's Directorate of Operations, not from within the Directorate of Intelligence. Analysts, Marshall wrote, come from the Intelligence directorate; spies/operatives come from Operations.
Additionally, Judd Legum from Think Progress points out the following from page 3 of the indictment, which states
- "At all relevant times from January 1, 2002 through July 2003, Valerie Wilson was employed by the CIA, and her employment status was classified. Prior to July 14, 2003, Valerie Wilson’s affiliation with the CIA was not common knowledge outside the intelligence community."
Cooper Named Libby as "Source"
On the July 17, 2005, Meet the Press, reporter Matthew Cooper said that Lewis "Scooter" Libby, Vice President Dick Cheney's top aide was among the sources for a Time magazine reporter's story about the identity of a CIA officer ...
The "White House had insisted for nearly two years that vice presidential chief of staff Lewis Libby and presidential adviser Karl Rove were not involved in the leaks of CIA officer Valerie Plame's identity." --Associated Press, July 17, 2005.
Irving Lewis "Scooter" Libby was born August 22, 1950 in Connecticut. He attended a private prep school in Massachusetts, Phillips Academy. In 1972, Libby received a BA from Yale University, graduating magna cum laude, and in 1975 received a JD from Columbia University.  
Before joining the White House staff, "Scooter Libby was most recently managing partner of the Washington office of the international law firm of Dechert, Price & Rhoads. He also served as Legal Advisor to the House of Representatives' Select Committee on U.S. National Security and Military/Commercial Concerns with the People's Republic of China, commonly known as the Cox Committee. 
After graduating from law school, Libby "went to work as a lawyer in Philadelphia, then got a job offer from his old Yale political science professor, Paul D. Wolfowitz, now the deputy defense secretary. In 1981, Mr. Libby went to work for Mr. Wolfowitz at the State Department, then left in 1985 to go into private practice. Freed from his State Department duties, Mr. Libby was able to research 1903 Japan, which was the slice of time between the Sino-Japanese War and the Russo-Japanese War that he had decided should be the backdrop for his novel. By 1989 he was working again for Mr. Wolfowitz, this time at the Pentagon, and [his novel 'The Apprentice'] was set aside with few regrets.
"'Shortly after I got there, we had the breakup of the Soviet Union and war with Iraq,' Mr. Libby said. 'So it turned out to be the perfect job.'
- 2001-2005 - Assistant to the President, chief of staff to the Vice President and national security affairs adviser to the Vice President
- 2000 - Adviser to Vice President Dick Cheney in the 2000 presidential campaign
- 1995-2001 - Dechert, Price & Rhoads, Attorney
- 1992-1995 - U.S. Department of Defense, deputy under secretary-policy
- 1989-1992 - U.S. Department of Defense, deputy undersecretary-strategy and resources
- 1985-1989 - Dickstein, Shapiro & Morin, attorney
- 1982-1985 - US Department of State, Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs, special projects director
- 1981-1982 - US Department of State, policy planning staff, member
- Member, Council on Foreign Relations
- Member, Project for the New American Century
- Member, Center for Strategic and International Studies - Homeland Defense
Resources and articles
Related SourceWatch articles
- David S. Addington (Libby's replacement)
- Judith Miller
- Judith Miller: External Links 2005
- Karl Rove: Outing Valerie Plame
- Office of Special Plans
- Project for the New American Century, PNAC, original signer
- Republican 'culture of corruption'
- Treasongate: Beyond Karl Rove
- Treasongate: Beyond Karl Rove: External Links 2004
- Treasongate: Beyond Karl Rove: External Links 2005
- Trial of Scooter Libby
- White House Iraq Group
- Indictment: I. Lewis Libby, U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia, Office of Special Counsel, Patrick J. Fitzgerald, October 28, 2005.
- Press Release, Office of Special Counsel, Patrick J. Fitzgerald, October 28, 2005.
- "Excerpts From the Libby Indictment. Twenty-two pages boiled down to 1,200 words," Village Voice, October 28, 2005.
- President's Remarks on the Resignation of Scooter Libby, The South Lawn, White House, October 28, 2005, 3:51 PM (EDT).
- CIA Leak/Valerie Plame Outing Scandal Resource Center on the PERRspectives website.
- Lewis Libby in the Wikipedia.
- I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby, RightWeb Profile.
- I. Lewis Libby, New Hampshire Gazette "Chickenhawk Headquarters".
- "Who's Who in the White House," updated February 16, 2004.
- John Lyman, "Who is Scooter Libby? The Guy Behind the Guy Behind the Guy," Center for American Progress, July 8, 2004.
- Database of 21 Bush regime officials who were involved in the leak coverup was posted August 12, 2005, by think tank Think Progress.
- "Profile: Lewis 'Scooter' Libby," BBC, October 28, 2005.
- "Lewis Libby Joins Hudson Institute", Media Release, January 6, 2006.
- Murray Waas, "Cheney 'Authorized' Libby to Leak Classified Information," National Journal, February 9, 2006.
- Greg Mitchell, "'National Journal': Libby Authorized to Leak by Cheney, Others," Editor & Publisher, February 9, 2006.
- "Libby: 'Superiors' Approved Leak," Associated Press/CBS News, February 9, 2006.
- Toni Locy, "Libby: White House 'Superiors' OK'd Leaks," Associated Press (ABC News), February 10, 2006.
- Neil A. Lewis, "Libby Testifies Leak Was Ordered, Counsel Says," New York Times, February 10, 2006.
- Asha Puttaiah, "Libby to grand jury: 'superiors' authorized leaks of classified information," Jurist, February 10, 2006.
- "Leaks," Atrios, February 9, 2006: Comparison of Bush on leaks "then" and "now".
- Justin Raimondo, "Masters of Deception. And now for the real news…," Antiwar.com, February 15, 2006.
- Toni Locy, "Judge Won't Dismiss Case Against Libby," Associated Press (ABC News), April 27, 2006.
- James Vinci, "Libby lawyer to argue Bush's role in leak," Reuters, May 5, 2006.
- Walter Pincus, "Libby Prosecutor Focuses on CIA Officer's Status. Filings Say Ex-Cheney Aide Knew That Plame Was Classified, Giving Him Reason to Lie to Grand Jury," Washington Post, May 22, 2006.
- James Gordon Meek, "2 in CIA to testify Libby lied on leak," New York Daily News, May 23, 2006. re Robert Grenier and Craig Schmall
- R. Jeffrey Smith, "Libby Told Grand Jury Cheney Spoke of Plame. Vice President May Be Called as Witness," Washington Post, May 25, 2006.
- Murray Waas, "Bush Directed Cheney To Counter War Critic," National Journal, July 3, 2006.
- "The Architects of War: Where Are They Now?" Think Progress, July 2007.