ALEC International Relations Task Force

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Learn more about corporations VOTING to rewrite our laws.

The American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) has eight task forces:

(Until it was disbanded in April 2012, ALEC also operated a Public Safety and Elections Task Force, which adopted such "model" bills as the "Stand Your Ground" bill or "Castle Law" doctrine and the voter ID Act. Later in 2012, ALEC launched the "Justice Performance Project" (JPP) in place of the Public Safety and Elections Task Force. The bills associated with the JPP in task force materials obtained by the Center for Media and Democracy and posted by ALEC appear to continue ALEC's modus operandi of promoting the financial interests of the corporations and special interest groups that fund it, such as the American Bail Coalition, according to PRWatch.[1])

This article is about ALEC's International Relations Task Force. Corporations can join this task force for $10,000 a year.[2] For model legislation crafted and adopted by the International Relations Task Force, go here. For task force directories and meeting agendas, go here.

About ALEC
ALEC is a corporate bill mill. It is not just a lobby or a front group; it is much more powerful than that. Through ALEC, corporations hand state legislators their wishlists to benefit their bottom line. Corporations fund almost all of ALEC's operations. They pay for a seat on ALEC task forces where corporate lobbyists and special interest reps vote with elected officials to approve “model” bills. Learn more at the Center for Media and Democracy's ALECexposed.org, and check out breaking news on our PRWatch.org site.

According to ALEC, the "members of the International and Federal Relations Task Force (IFRTF) believe in the power of free markets and limited government to propel growth not just in the United States but around the globe. . . . ALEC's. . . policy directives are backed by our members: US state legislators from all 50 states and some of the world's largest corporations."[3]

ALEC offers two levels of "Private Sector" membership in the IFRTF. "Recognizing that some of our private sector members are interested in the task force for the policy opportunities of membership while other private sector members also want the networking opportunities that our international trips offer, we have established two types of IFRTF membership-- Policy Membership which includes all of the policy promotion opportunities available in any other ALEC task force and Ambassador Membership which includes the Policy Membership Benefits as well as one international trip each year. The trip destination will be determined by IFRTF private sector members, and ALEC staff will select the public sector participants with an eye toward including those in leadership positions in their state legislatures."[3]

2013 ALEC States and Nation Policy Summit Substantive Agenda

The following "model" bills were proposed for the Washington, DC meeting:[4]

The following presentations and discussions were planned for the meeting:[4]

  • "The Road to Federalism Begins at the Statehouse – Restore the Balance"
  • "A Governing Partnership – States as an Independent Check on the Power of the Federal Government"
  • "Washington’s Actions Are Felt in the States"
  • "Supporting Small Business and Economic Growth through Right to Repair"
  • "International Ramifications of the Government Shutdown and Flirtation with Debt Default"
  • "Trade Agreement Investor-State Dispute Settlement Mechanisms – Clearing up the Confusion"

2011 ALEC Winter Task Force Summit Substantive Agenda

The following "model" bills were proposed at the Scottsdale, AZ conference:

  • "Disposal and Taxation of Public Lands Act" (Presented by Rep. Ken Ivory of Utah) (This proposal "strongly urges the Federal Government to use proceeds from the sale of lands not disposed directly to the state only to pay the public debt pursuant to the Congressional Disposal and Taxation of Public Lands Act Resolutions of 1780 and 1790" and "urges the United States Congress in the most strenuous terms to engage in good faith communication, cooperation, coordination, and consultation with the state of {insert state} regarding those lands wherein the public has developed a reasonable expectation of multiple use that must be disposed of directly to the state.")
  • "Resolution Requesting the Obama Administration Confer and Consult with the States on Management of Public Lands and Energy Resources" (Presented by Rep. Harold Brubaker of North Caroline) (This proposal "calls on Congress and the Administration to commit to greater consultation with the states and to recognize cost-benefit and job-impact analyses must be addressed in order to understand how federal regulations impact states and their respective citizens.")
  • "A Resolution in Support of Federal Efforts to Address Rogue Internet Sites that Sell Counterfeit Products and Facilitate Digital Theft" (Presented by Andrew Kovalcin, Global Intellectual Property Center) (This proposal "supports efforts to enact legislation addressing enforcement by state and federal authorities to protect intellectual property rights to combat rogue websites that traffic in pirated music, movies and counterfeit goods and make it more difficult for rogue websites to operate.")
  • "Resolution in Support of the Keystone XL Pipeline" (Presented by Brandie Davis, Philip Morris International) (This proposal "support[s] continued and increased development and delivery of oil derived from North American oil reserves to American refineries, urge Congress to support that continued and increased development and delivery, and urge Congress to ask the U.S. Secretary of State to approve the Keystone XL pipeline.")[5]

2011 ALEC Summer Task Force Summit Substantive Agenda

The following "model" bills were proposed at the New Orleans conference:

  • "Support of Federal Efforts to Address Rogue Internet Sites that Sell Counterfeit Products and Facilitate Digital Theft" (Presented by Andrew Kovalcin, Global Intellectual Property Center) (This proposal suggests a number of methods by which to protect intellectual property.)
  • "Hard Science Resolution" (Presented by Brandie Davis, Philip Morris International) (This proposal "urges legislatures and executives around the world to base regulatory policy on hard science and to eschew regulation that falls below this standard.")
  • "Resolution against EU Funding of NGOs" (Presented by The Honorable Roger Helmer, Member of European Parliament) (This proposal requests that the "European Union shall not engage in political advocacy apart from government-to-government representation and communication on issues isolated in domestic affairs and with a disproportionate impact on the welfare of local communities" among other requests.)
  • "Resolution Upholding Longstanding Policy Maintaining Agriculture Commodities and Product Comprehensiveness of US Trade Agreements" (This proposal "urges the Obama Administration and the United States Trade Representative (USTR) to hold firm on the longstanding principled policy that trade agreements must be comprehensive and that no products or agriculture commodities be removed in the name of public policy.")
  • "The Federal Law Evaluation and Response Act" (Presented by Rep. Christopher Herrod of Utah) (This proposal "creates a state Constitutional Defense Council and Federalism Subcommittee to review, evaluate and respond to federal actions that infringe upon the constitutional jurisdiction of the state. It provides the standard for such review and a mechanism for coordinating the review, evaluation and response together with other states, and with the congressional delegation from the state.")
  • "Constitutional Defense Council Legislation" (Presented by Nick Dranias, Goldwater Institute) (This proposal establishes a state constitutional defense council. "The purpose of the council is restoring, maintaining, and advancing the state’s sovereignty and authority to restore principles of dual sovereignty and protect individual liberty.")
  • "Model State Sovereignty Civil Rights Law" (Presented by Nick Dranias, Goldwater Institute) (This proposal establishes that "Every state and federal official who, under color of any statute, ordinance, regulation, custom, or usage, of the United States, or any State or Territory or the District of Columbia, enforces any federal law, federal grant condition or federal regulation that purports to displace, supersede, control or condition the exercise of the traditionally reserved powers of the State of _______ in violation of the United States Constitution, shall be liable in an individual capacity to suit in equity in the courts of the State of __________ by taxpaying residents of the State of _________.")
  • "Sovereign State Interstate Compact" (Presented by Nick Dranias, Goldwater Institute) (This proposal "objects to the federal government using conditional grants to exceed the enumerated powers specifically delegated to Congress and to encourage states to relinquish core attributes of their sovereignty and to adopt one-sizefits-all public policies in exchange for federal money.")[6]

2011 ALEC Annual Meeting Substantive Agenda

At the 2011 ALEC Annual Meeting, the following items were discussed, according to the Program: "One of our newest private sector members will introduce a resolution to counter rogue Internet sites and Member of the European Parliament Roger Helmer will present on the EU's funding of American NGOs and introduce a resolution seeking to counter this influence. Nick Dranias of the Goldwater Institute will discuss his three step plan to restore state sovereignty and Utah Representative Ken Ivory will offer his insights on how states can protect the U.S. Constitution."[7]

The following pieces of model legislation were introduced:[3]

International:

  • ALEC Resolution to Counter Rogue Internet Sites
  • Hard Science Resolution
  • Trade Agreement Carve Outs (Resolution Upholding Longstanding Policy Maintaining Agriculture Commodities and Product Comprehensiveness of US Trade Agreements)
  • Resolution in Support of Deepening Euro-Atlantic Integration of the Republic of Moldova
  • Resolution against EU Funding of NGOs
  • Resolution Opposing World Bank Lending to Argentina
  • Visa Waiver Status for Taiwan Resolution

Federal:

  • Resolution on the Federal Law Evaluation and Response Act
  • Constitutional Defense Council Legislation
  • Model State Sovereignty Civil Rights Law
  • Sovereign State Interstate Compact"

Subcommittees

Co-chairs

  • Rep. Tim Moffitt (R-NC), Public Sector Chair[4]
  • Brandie Davis (Director of U.S. Affairs, Philip Morris International), Private Sector Chair[3][4]

Altria Group, formerly Philip Morris, is the world's largest tobacco company. In the U.S. it controls about half of the tobacco market. In 2007, Altria spun off its food division.[9] Altria Group's primary holdings until 2007 included Philip Morris companies as well as Kraft Foods (Jell-O, Kool-Aid, Maxwell House), which it spun off in 2007. Philip Morris International is an international tobacco company that has seven of the top 20 global cigarette brands. In 2010, it had a total revenue of $16.9 billion.[10] Its CEO, Michael Szymancyk, had an annual compensation of $24.1 million in 2010.[11]

Former Co-chairs

Individuals

Corporate, Trade or Other Groups

  • Randy Barnett (Carmack Waterhouse Professor of Legal Theory, Georgetown University Law Center) addressed the "Repeal Amendment, which gives 2/3 of the state legislatures the power to repeal any federal law or regulation, which would provide a check on federal power" at the December 2010 International Relations Task Force meeting[3]
  • Brandie Davis (Director of U.S. Affairs, Philip Morris International, and Private Sector Chair of the Task Force) introduced the "Hard Science Resolution" and "Trade Agreement Carve Outs" model legislation at the International and Federal Relations Task Force meeting at the 2011 ALEC Annual Meeting[3]
  • Nick Dranias (Director, Center for Constitutional Government, Goldwater Institute, and former attorney with the Institute for Justice) spoke on "A Three Step Plan for Restoring State Sovereignty" and introduced the "Constitutional Defense Council Legislation," "Model State Sovereignty Civil Rights Law" and "Sovereign State Interstate Compact" model legislation at the International and Federal Relations Task Force meeting at the 2011 ALEC Annual Meeting[3]
  • Mark Elliott (Executive Vice President, U.S. Chamber of Commerce Global Intellectual Property Center) gave a "Presentation on the Erosion of Intellectual Property" at the International and Federal Relations Task Force meeting at the 2011 ALEC Annual Meeting[3]
  • Bob Filippone (Lobbyist, PhRMA), Member[3]
  • Fred Kelly Grant (President, American Stewards of Liberty (a private property rights organization))
  • Andrew Kovalcin (Director of Stakeholder Advocacy, U.S. Chamber of Commerce Global Intellectual Property Center) introduced the "ALEC Resolution to Counter Rogue Internet Sites" model policy at the International and Federal Relations Task Force meeting at the 2011 ALEC Annual Meeting[3]
  • Robert Natelson (Senior Fellow, Constitutional Jurisprudence, Independence Institute; also a Senior Fellow of the Goldwater Institute) spoke about convening an Article 5 convention at the December 2010 States and Nation Policy Summit International Relations Task Force meeting[3]
  • American Stewards of Liberty (a private property rights organization)[3]
  • Goldwater Institute[3]
  • Independence Institute[3]
  • Philip Morris International[3]
  • PhRMA[3]
  • U.S. Chamber of Commerce Global Intellectual Property Center[3]

Politicians

  • MEP Martin Callanan (BCP - North East England) presented on EU-US Relations at the International and Federal Relations Task Force meeting at the 2011 ALEC Annual Meeting[3]
  • Paula Caldwell St-Onge (Consul General of Canada, Dallas, Texas) presented on "Energy Security and Economic Competitiveness" at the International and Federal Relations Task Force meeting at the 2011 ALEC Annual Meeting[3]
  • Roger Helmer (Member of the European Parliament representing the United Kingdom's East Midlands region), International Legislator member,[14] introduced the "Resolution Against EU Funding of NGOs" model policy at the International and Federal Relations Task Force meeting at the 2011 ALEC Annual Meeting[3]
  • MEP Michael Kaminski (PJN - Poland) introduced the "Resolution in Support of Deepening Euro-Atlantic Integration of the Republic of Moldova" model policy at the International and Federal Relations Task Force meeting at the 2011 ALEC Annual Meeting[3]
  • Yeong-jainn "Jeff" Liu (Executive Officer in the Consular Division, Taipei Economic & Cultural Representative Office (TECRO)) presented on the "Visa Waiver Status [of] Taiwan" at the International and Federal Relations Task Force meeting at the 2011 ALEC Annual Meeting[3]
  • MEP Emma McClarkin (CP - East Midlands) presented on EU-US Relations at the International and Federal Relations Task Force meeting at the 2011 ALEC Annual Meeting[3]
  • Rose Sager (Trade Representative for the Kingdom of Bahrain, Embassy of Bahrain) presented on the "Current Situation in Bahrain" at the International and Federal Relations Task Force meeting at the 2011 ALEC Annual Meeting[3]
  • Rep. Sue Allen (R-MO 92), Member[3]
  • Rep. Paul Bandy (R-NM 3), Guest at December 2010 meeting[3]
  • Former Sen. Robert Burns (R-AZ 9), Member[3]
  • Sen. Cale Case (R-WY 25), Member[3]
  • Rep. Justin Davis (R-SD 23), Guest at December 2010 meeting[3]
  • Billy Hewes, III (R-MS), Former Public Sector Chair[15] and MO State Chairman

[16]

  • Rep. Calvin Hill, Jr. (R-GA 21), Member[3]
  • Speaker William (Bill) Howell (R-VA 28), Member[3]
  • Rep. Eric Hutchings (R-UT 38), Guest at December 2010 meeting[3]
  • Assembly Member Brian Kolb (R,I,C-NY 129), Member[3]
  • Del. Jim LeMunyon (R-VA 67), Member[3]
  • Sen. Stephen Martin (R-VA 11), Member[3]
  • Former Rep. Dolores Mertz (D-IA), Guest at December 2010 meeting[3]
  • Rep. Peggy Mast (R-KS 76), Member[3]
  • Sen. Wayne Niederhauser (R-UT 9), Member[3]
  • William (Bill) H. Payne (R-NM) (New Mexico State Senate Minority Whip, retired Rear Admiral (SEAL) in the United States Navy, former Deputy Director for Strategy, Plans and Policy, U.S. Central Command)[17]
  • Rep. Deb Peters (R-SD 9), Member[3]
  • Rep. John Piscopo (R-CT 76), Member[3]
  • Rep. Cary Smith (R-MO 55), Guest at December 2010 meeting[3]
  • Sen. Giles Ward (R-MS 18), Member[3]
  • Rep. C. Gene Whisnant (R-OR 53), Member[3]
  • Curt Bramble (R-UT), Member (2009), Member (also on ALEC's Board of Directors and a State Chair)[18][19][20]
  • Rep. Matt Dean (R-52B), ALEC Member
  • Dan Flynn (TX -R), Member[21]
  • Sen. Pam Galloway (R-29), Member
  • Rep. Andre Jacque (R-2), Member
  • Shane Jett (OK-R), Member
  • Rep. Mary Kiffmeyer (R - 16B), State Chairman, Member[22]
  • Rep. Stephen Nass (R-31), Member
  • Former Sen. Jim Ritchie (SC; Owner, Ritchie & Associates, LLC), former Member[23]
  • Gene Ward (HI-R), Member (2009)[24]
  • Sen. John B. Coghill, Jr. (AK R-F), Member
  • Rep. Kirk D. Adams (AZ R-19, vacated seat 4-28-2011), Member
  • Rep. Jack W. Harper (AZ R-4)[25], Member
  • Rep. Debbie Lesko (AZ R-9, Majority Whip)[25], ALEC State Chairman[26], Member[3]
  • Rep. Jerry Nathan Bell (AR R-22), Member
  • Rep. Jonathan D. Barnett (AR R-97), Member
  • Rep. Justin T. Harris (AR R-87), Member
  • Rep. Penny Bacchiochi (CN R-52), Member[3]
  • Rep. Scott Plakon (FL R-37), Member
  • Rep. Ben L. Harbin (GA R-118), Member
  • Rep. Gerald E. Greene (GA R-149), Member
  • Rep. Josh S. Clark (GA R-98), Member
  • Rep. Paulette Rakestraw-Braddock (GA R-19), Member
  • Sen. Cecil P. Staton (GA R-18)[25], Member
  • Sen. Ronnie W. Chance (GA R-16), Member
  • Rep. Gene R. Ward (HI R-17)[25], Member
  • Rep. Renee Kosel (IL R-81), Member
  • Rep. Darlene J. Senger (IL R-96), Member
  • Sen. Matt Murphy (IL R-27), Member
  • Rep. Richard McClain (IN R-24), ALEC Energy, Environment and Agriculture Task Force Member & International Relations Task Force Member
  • Rep. Thomas E. Saunders (IN R-54), Member
  • Rep. P. Eric Turner (IN R-32), Member
  • Rep. Richard T. Anderson (IA R-97), Member
  • Rep. Stewart E. Iverson, Jr. (IA R-5), Member
  • Rep. Lance Kinzer (KS R-14)[27] Civil Justice Task Force and International Relations Task Force Member
  • Rep. Marc Rhoades (KS R-72)[28][27], Member
  • Rep. Addia K. Wuchner (KY R-66), Member
  • Sen. John Schickel (KY R-11), Member
  • Sen. Christopher W. Rector (ME R-22), Member
  • Rep. Matt Dean (MN R-52B), Member
  • Rep. Mary Kiffmeyer (MN R - 16B), State Chairman[29] and International Relations Task Force Member
  • Rep. Rita R. Martinson (MS R-58), Member
  • Rep. William Gardner Hewes, III (MS R-49), Member
  • Rep. Shelley Keeney (MO R-156), Member
  • Rep. Jerry Nolte (MO R-33), Member
  • Sen. Jim Lembke (MO R-1), Member
  • Sen. Mark R. Christensen (NE 44), Member
  • Sen. Tanya Cook (NE 13), Member
  • Rep. Robert L. Theberge (NH D-4), Member
  • Rep. Larry A. Larranaga (NM R-27), Member
  • Sen. William H. Payne (NM R-20), International Relations and Energy, Environment and Agriculture Task Force Member
  • Rep. Thom Tillis (NC R-98), Member
  • Rep. Tim Moffitt (NC R-116), International Relations Task Force Member and Telecommunications and Information Technology Task Force Alternate, introduced the "Resolution Opposing World Bank Lending to Argentina" model policy at the International and Federal Relations Task Force meeting at the 2011 ALEC Annual Meeting[3]
  • Rep. Mike R. Nathe (ND R-30), Member
  • Sen. Dick Dever (ND R-32), Member
  • Sen. Robert Stenehjem (ND R-30, deceased July 18, 2011[30]), Member
  • Rep. Glen W. Mulready (OK R-68), Member
  • Sen. Ron G. Justice (OK R-23), Member
  • Rep. Katerina E. Brewer (OR R-29), Member
  • Rep. Liston Barfield (SC R-58), Member, introduced "Visa Waiver Stats for Taiwan Resolution" model policy at the International and Federal Relations Task Force meeting at the 2011 ALEC Annual Meeting[3]
  • Sen. Raymond E. Cleary III (SC R-34), ALEC State Chairman[31] and International Relations Task Force Member
  • Sen. James H. Ritchie, Jr. (SC R-13), Member
  • Rep. Valentine Rausch (SD R-4), Alternate[3]
  • Rep. Fred W. Romkema (SD R-31), Member
  • Sen. Corey Brown (SD R-23), Alternate
  • Sen. Jeffrey K. Haverly (SD R-35), Alternate[3]
  • Rep. Mark White (TN R-83), Member
  • Rep. Phillip Max Johnson (TN R-78), Member
  • Rep. Ryan A. Haynes (TN R-14), Member
  • Rep. Tracy O. King (TX D-80), Member
  • Rep. Ryan Guillen (TX D-31), Member
  • Rep. Randy Weber (TX R-29), Member
  • Rep. Chris N. Herrod (UT R-62), Member, Federal Relations Working Group, introduced "Resolution on the Federal Law Evaluation and Response Act" model legislation at the International and Federal Relations Task Force meeting at the 2011 ALEC Annual Meeting[3]
  • Rep. Ken Ivory (UT R-47 and Executive Director, Where's the Line America? Foundation), Member, Federal Relations Working Group, spoke on "Where's the Line? How States Protect the Constitution" at the International and Federal Relations Task Force meeting at the 2011 ALEC Annual Meeting[3]
  • Sen. Curt Bramble (UT R-16), ALEC State Chairman[32] and International Relations Task Force Member[3]
  • Sen. Mark B. Madsen (UT R-13), Member
  • Sen. Don Benton (WA R-17), ALEC State Chairman[33] and International Relations Task Force Member
  • Sen. Val Stevens (WA R-39),[28] Member
  • Sen. Pamela Jean Roach (WA R-31), Member
  • Rep. Andre Jacque (WI R-2), Member
  • Rep. Stephen Nass (WI R-31), Member
  • Sen. Pam Galloway (WI R-29), Member

Staff

Articles and Resources

Related SourceWatch Articles

External Resources

References

  1. Nick Surgey, ALEC Posts Legislative Agendas while Hiding Its Very Special Interests, PRWatch, November 3, 2013.
  2. American Legislative Exchange Council, "Private Enterprise" Membership, organizational membership brochure, July 2011
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18 3.19 3.20 3.21 3.22 3.23 3.24 3.25 3.26 3.27 3.28 3.29 3.30 3.31 3.32 3.33 3.34 3.35 3.36 3.37 3.38 3.39 3.40 3.41 3.42 3.43 3.44 3.45 3.46 3.47 3.48 3.49 3.50 3.51 3.52 American Legislative Exchange Council, International and Federal Relations Task Force meeting and Federal Relations Working Group, meeting agenda and materials, August 4, 2011, on file with CMD
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 American Legislative Exchange Council, 35-Day Mailing - 2013 States and Nation Policy Summit, organizational document, October 30, 2013.
  5. ALEC,International Relations Task Force Memorandum Organizational Document, October 27, 2011.
  6. ALEC,International Relations Task Force Memorandum Organizational Document, June 30, 2011.
  7. American Legislative Exchange Council, 2011 Conference Task Force Meetings, conference brochure on file with CMD, August 11, 2011
  8. 8.0 8.1 American Legislative Exchange Council, 35 Day Mailing - 2014 Annual Meeting, organizational agenda document, accessed July 2014.
  9. Altria Profile, Hoovers, accessed August 2007.
  10. Altria Group Inc Financials,"BusinessWeek.com
  11. Michael Szymanczyk, Bloomberg BusinessWeek, accessed June 2011
  12. American Legislative Exchange Council International Relations Task Force, organization website, accessed April 19th, 2012
  13. International Relations, Alec.org website, Accessed July 6, 2011. This page has been altered by ALEC, and is no longer available.
  14. American Legislative Exchange Council Inside ALEC Sep./Oct. 2010, organization newsletter, September/October 2010, p. 16 This page has been altered by ALEC and is no longer available. It is on file with the CMD.
  15. American Legislative Exchange Council Inside ALEC Sep./Oct. 2009, organization newsletter, September/October 2009, p. 15 this page has been altered by ALEC and is no longer available. It is on file with the CMD.
  16. American Legislative Exchange Council ALEC State Chairmen, organization website, accessed April 19th, 2012 This page has been altered by ALEC, the new version does not mention Billy Hewes.
  17. American Legislative Exchange Council Inside ALEC May 2011, organization newsletter, May 2011, p. 19
  18. American Legislative Exchange Council Inside ALEC Nov./Dec. 2009, organization newsletter, November/December 2009, p. 6 This page has been altered by ALEC and is no longer available. It is on file with the CMD.
  19. American Legislative Exchange Council Board of Directors, organization website, accessed May 27, 2011
  20. American Legislative Exchange Council ALEC State Chairmen, organization website, accessed May 27, 2011
  21. Dan Flynn, "About Dan," legislative profile, accessed June 30, 2011
  22. American Legislative Exchange Council, "ALEC State Chairmen, organization website, accessed April 19th, 2012
  23. LinkedIn, "Jim Ritchie," online public profile, accessed June 30, 2011
  24. Gene Ward, "http://www.gene-ward.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/ALEC-Resolution.pdf Ward Resolution to Create Democracy & Governance Program Passes in Washington, DC]," press release, December 10, 2009
  25. 25.0 25.1 25.2 25.3 American Legislative Exchange Council, Federal health reform efforts Letter to Robert C. Byrd and Nancy Pelosi, June 24, 2009
  26. American Legislative Exchange Council, "ALEC State Chairmen, organization website, accessed April 19th, 2012
  27. 27.0 27.1 Scott Rothschild, Corporate-funded ALEC has strong ties to Kansas Legislature, Lawrence Journal World, July 24, 2011
  28. 28.0 28.1 American Legislative Exchange Council, Letter to Senate Majority Leader Reid, RE: the EPA’s plan to regulate greenhouse gases under the Clean Air Act, March 10, 2010
  29. American Legislative Exchange Council, "ALEC State Chairmen, organization website, accessed April 19th, 2012
  30. North Dakota Legislative Branch, 2011 Senators in Alphabetical Order by Last Name, state government website, accessed August 5, 2011
  31. American Legislative Exchange Council, "ALEC State Chairmen, organization website, accessed April 19th, 2012
  32. American Legislative Exchange Council, "ALEC State Chairmen, organization website, accessed April 19th, 2012
  33. American Legislative Exchange Council, "ALEC State Chairmen, organization website, accessed April 19th, 2012
  34. American Legislative Exchange Council International Relations Task Force, organization website, accessed May 27, 2011
  35. American Legislative Exchange Council Karla Jones, organization bio, accessed May 27, 2011 This page has been altered by ALEC, and is no longer accessible. A web archive exists here last archive, December 27th, 2011.