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John Sidney McCain III, a Republican, has represented Arizona in the United States Senate since 1986. He was the Republican candidate for President in the 2008 Presidential election. He was also a presidential candidate in the 2000 election, but was defeated in the Republican primaries by then-Texas Governor and former President George W. Bush.
- 1 Record, positions and controversies
- 1.1 National security and foreign policy record and controversies
- 1.2 Economic policy
- 1.3 Civil liberties record and controversies
- 1.4 Communications, science and intellectual property
- 1.5 Education policy
- 1.6 Environment and energy record and controversies
- 1.7 Elections and government policy
- 1.8 Food and agriculture policy
- 1.9 Infrastructure and transportation policy
- 2 Social issues record and controversies
- 3 Bio
- 4 Money in politics
- 5 Committees and affiliations
- 6 More background data
- 7 Contact
- 8 Articles and resources
Record, positions and controversies
National security and foreign policy record and controversies
|Sen. McCain has a long-standing history of leadership on national security issues, stemming from his time in service as a U.S. naval aviator to his career in the U.S. Senate. In the past several years, he's advocated for a larger military to meet current and future needs, and has said he envisions a U.S. troop presence in Iraq similar to those in South Korea and in Germany and Japan following World War II.
Senator McCain was criticized for his many statements of progress on the Iraq war between 2002-2008, and following a trip to a Baghdad market in 2007 he apologized for declaring that his ability to walk freely around the marketplace was a sign of significant improvement in security in Iraq under the "surge". In fact, his visit was conducted under extraordinary security arrangements.
John McCain is an ardent supporter of Israel and its government's policies. In 2007, Citizens for Global Solutions gave Senator McCain a grade of B-, while the senator supported the interests of the Council for a Livable World 0 percent that year. McCain supported the interests of the Center for Security Policy 59 percent in 2005-2006.
Sen. McCain has been a supporter of trade agreements with foreign states, and while he missed three of four housing-related votes in 2008, but did vote to approve the Economic Stimulus Bill of 2008.
Civil liberties record and controversies
In 2005, Senator John McCain introduced an amendment limiting the practice of torture by any military or intelligence agency personnel. The torture ban was approved by Congress by a wide majority, but President George W. Bush in a signing statement said he reserved the right to conduct torture to protect national security.
In 2007, the American Civil Liberties Union gave Senator McCain a grade of 50, and he supported the interests of the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights 15 percent that year. Also in 2007, Gun Owners of America gave Senator McCain a rating of F-, though in 2006 he supported their interests 100 percent.
Communications, science and intellectual property
Senator McCain supported the interests of the Computer & Communications Industry Association 64 percent in 2007. In 2006, Senator McCain supported the interests of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology 0 percent, while supporting the interests of the Parkinsons Action Network 100 percent.
McCain has announced that he supports the inclusion of intelligent design teaching in schools. In 2007, the National Education Association gave Senator McCain a grade of F, and in 2003 he supported the interests of the National School Boards Association 67 percent.
Environment and energy record and controversies
At times, Sen. John McCain has bucked his party and former President Bush by supporting legislation that would combat global warming and climate change. The Humane Society of the United States reported McCain supported its interests 25 percent of the time in 2007. Senator McCain received a rating of "0" from the League of Conservation Voters in 2007, and a score of 56 from the American Land Rights Association in 2006. Also in 2006, he Campaign for America's Future gave Senator McCain a score of 17 percent.
Elections and government policy
Sen. McCain, following revelations of his involvement in the Keating Five scandal, pursued legislation that would reform the country's campaign finance system. Congress in 2002 passed the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act, co-sponsored by Sen. Russ Feingold (D-Wisc.) and hence also known as the McCain-Feingold bill. He was criticized in 2008 for possibly violating the spirit of his own law, if not the law itself.
Sen. McCain has also been a strong supporter of earmark reform.
Food and agriculture policy
Infrastructure and transportation policy
Senator McCain supported the interests of the American Road and Transportation Builders Association 40 percent in 2005-2006.
Social issues record and controversies
|Domestic policy and social issues have not been a focus of Sen. McCain's career. During the 2000 election, McCain was criticized for his continued use of an ethnic slur in reference to his Vietnamese captors.
Health policy issues
Sen. John McCain in 1999 said he did not support a repeal of Roe v. Wade. In 2007, Sen. McCain voted to adopt an amendment that prohibits funds being granted to organizations that perform abortions when a woman's life is not in danger, unless the organization is a hospital. Recently, he abandoned goals to change his party's platform on abortion to allow exceptions based on rape, incest and the life of the mother.
Senator McCain supported the interests of the American Academy of Family Physicians 0 percent in 2007, and voted for the interests of the American College of Emergency Physicians 100 percent in 2004. Also in 2007, NARAL Pro-Choice America gave Senator McCain a grade of 0, and in 2006 he supported the interests of the National Right to Life Committee 75 percent.
Labor, immigration and retirement policy
As a border-area senator, John McCain has been on the front lines of the immigration debate. He helped write comprehensive reform legislation in 2005 (the Comprehensive Immigration Reform Act of 2007), and that bill helped form the basis for another reform effort in 2007. Earlier this year, he said he would not have voted for his bill if it were brought to the floor. In May 2008, Sen. McCain again said he favored comprehensive reform.
Senator McCain supported the interests of the AFL-CIO 0 percent in 2007, while the Utility Workers Union of America gave him a grade of 50. He supported the interests of the Alliance for Retired Americans 0 percent in 2007, and in 2006 he supported the interests of National Active and Retired Federal Employees Association 100 percent.
Controversies and other misc. issues
Sen. John McCain, as a two-time presidential candidate and outspoken member of the Senate, is no stranger to controversy. There was speculation that McCain would leave the Republican party following his defeat in the 2000 Republican presidential primary campaign, and other controversies have evolved during his political career.
McCain was born August 29, 1936 in Coco Solo in the U.S controlled Panama Canal Zone. After high school graduation in 1954, McCain entered the United States Naval Academy and graduated in 1958. McCain became a Captain in the United States Navy. On October 26, 1967, McCain was shot down over Vietnam, and was held as a prisoner of war in Hanoi for five-and-a-half years, mostly in the infamous Hanoi Hilton. He was released from captivity in 1973. He was honorably discharged upon his retirement from the Navy in 1981.
He is married to Cindy Hensley McCain. When John Jacob Rhodes, the longtime congressman from Arizona's First Congressional district, announced his retirement, McCain successfully ran for the seat in 1982. In 1986, upon Senator Barry Goldwater's retirement, McCain was elected to succeed him.
McCain touts himself as a conservative on many fiscal issues, but moderate on social issues causing some conservatives to ridicule him as a Republican In Name Only. His appeal during the 2000 presidential campaign was based on style and personal image rather than any label of liberal, conservative, moderate or libertarian.
McCain is often called a "maverick senator" because of his willingness to break with the party line. He was one of only four Republicans in the entire U.S. Congress to vote against the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act. He was the only Republican senator to vote against the Telecommunications Act of 1995, which he called "the biggest rip-off since the Teapot Dome Scandal." He was also the only Republican senator to vote against the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996, which phased out many of the farming subsidy programs put into place during the Great Depression. His concerns over global warming and other environmental issues have also put him at odds with the Bush administration and other Republicans. In addition, he voted against the Federal Marriage Amendment, reaffirming his position as a social moderate.
2008 presidential bid
Forms exploratory committee to consider run
McCain ran unsuccessfully for president in 2008. *See the main Congresspedia article on John McCain: U.S. presidential election, 2008.
Announcement on "Tonight Show with David Letterman"
On February 28, 2007, McCain announced on the "Tonight Show with David Letterman" that he would indeed seek the presidency in 2008. 
Money in politics
This section contains links to – and feeds from – money in politics databases. <crpcontribdata>cid=N00006424&cycle=2006</crpcontribdata>
|Links to more campaign contribution information for John McCain
from the Center for Responsive Politics' OpenSecrets.org site.
|Fundraising profile:||2006 election cycle||Career totals|
|Top contributors by organization/corporation:||2006 election cycle||Career totals|
|Top contributors by industry:||2006 election cycle||Career totals|
- Revolving door profile for John McCain from the Center for Responsive Politics' OpenSecrets.org website.
- 2006 privately funded travel profile for John McCain from the Center for Responsive Politics' OpenSecrets.org website.
- Personal finance profile for John McCain from the Center for Responsive Politics' OpenSecrets.org website.
Committees and affiliations
- Senate Committee on Armed Services - Ranking Member
- Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation
- Subcommittee on Aviation Operations, Safety, and Security
- Subcommittee on Interstate Commerce, Trade, and Tourism
- Subcommittee on Science, Technology, and Innovation
- Subcommittee on Consumer Affairs, Insurance, and Automotive Safety
Committee assignments in the 109th Congress (2005-2006)
- Senate Committee on Armed Services
- Subcommittee on Airland - Chair
- Subcommittee on Personnel
- Subcommittee on Readiness and Management Support
- Subcommittee on Seapower
- Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation
- Subcommittee on Aviation
- Subcommittee on Global Climate Change
- Subcommittee on Trade Tourism and Economic Development
- Subcommittee on Surface Transportation and Merchant Marine
- Senate Committee on Indian Affairs
Coalitions and caucuses
- Republican Main Street Partnership
- Advisory board, It's My Party Too
- Honorary Board, Republicans for Environmental Protection 
Boards and other affiliations
- Member, American Friends of Bilderberg
- Director, International Republican Institute
- Member, Commission on the Intelligence Capabilities of the United States Regarding Weapons of Mass Destruction (appointed February 2004 by George W. Bush)
- On the Board of Governors for the Partnership for Public Service
- Advisory Board, Terror Free Tomorrow
- Advisory Board, Thomas C. Wales Foundation 
- Advisory Board, America Bosnia Foundation 
- Honorary CoChair, Spirit of America 
More background data
District Office- Phoenix:
5353 North 16th Street, Suite 105
Phoenix, AZ 85016
District Office- Tuscon:
407 West Congress Street, Suite 103
Tucson, AZ 85701
District Office- Tempe:
4703 South Lakeshore Drive, Suite 1
Tempe, AZ 85282
Articles and resources
- Commission on the Intelligence Capabilities of the United States Regarding Weapons of Mass Destruction
- John McCain: U.S. presidential election, 2008
- McCain doctrine
- Operation Iraqi Freedom: Military and Political Dissent
- Straight Talk America
- swiftboating / Swift Boat Veterans for Truth / Charles Wyly and Sam Wyly
- The Donatelli Group (Campaign Solutions)
- U.S. presidential election, 2004
- U.S. presidential election, 2008
- David Nitkin, "McCain clinches GOP nod", “The Baltimore Sun”, March 5, 2008, Accessed April 21, 2008
- Honorary Board, Republicans for Environmental Protection, accessed September 14, 2010.
- Advisory Board, Thomas C. Wales Foundation, accessed August 5, 2009.
- Advisory Board, America Bosnia Foundation, accessed January 27, 2011.
- Whos Who, Spirit of America, accessed February 23, 2010.
- John Sidney McCain III in the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Teddy Roosevelt. John Mccain is one of his more famous fans. Read about him at Teddy Roosevelt.com.
- "John McCain's Skeleton Closet," RealChange.org.
- "Senator John S. McCain's Acceptance Remarks at the 2005 Eisenhower Leadership Prize Banquet," Eisenhower Institute.
- Arizona Republic's Seven Chapter Special on John McCain, 1999.
- "The Real John McCain," The Nation, December 12, 2005.
- Office of Sen. John McCain, Senate website.
- John McCain's "Straight Talk America" website.
- Friends of John McCain website.
- John McCain's positions on key civil liberties issues.
- 2008 Presidential Wire: Sen. John McCain, PatrickRuffini.com.
- John McCain on the Issues (2000 Presidential Campaign).
- Compare John McCain's opinions to yours at whereIstand.com.
- John McCain Vietnam War POW CIA & Department of Defense Files
- Interview with Jon Stewart, The Daily Show with Jon Stewart, April 4, 2006. (Other Daily Show interviews with members of Congress.)
Local blogs and discussion sites
- AZ Congress Watch
- Rum, Romanism, and Rebellion
- Daniel's News and Views
- Western Democrat
- Blog for Arizona
- Stop John McCain 2008
Articles by John McCain
- "How the POW's Fought Back," US News & World Report (Free Republic), May 14, 1973.
- "No Substitute for Victory. War is hell. Let's get on with it," Opinion Journal, October 26, 2001.
- "The Right War for the Right Reasons," The New York Times, March 12, 2003.
- Speech, Republican National Convention, August 30, 2004. Posted on CBS News website.
- "U.S. Situation in Iraq and Afghanistan," Council on Foreign Relations, November 5, 2003.
- "Aiding & Abetting," New York Post, November 17, 2005.
- News Release: "Statement on the War in Iraq," McCain's Senate website, August 25, 2006.
Published works by John McCain
- Character Is Destiny: Inspiring Stories Every Young Person Should Know and Every Adult Should Remember by John McCain, Mark Salter (Random House, October 2005) ISBN 1400064120
- Why Courage Matters: The Way to a Braver Life by John McCain, Mark Salter (Random House, April 2004) ISBN 1400060303
- Odysseus in America by Jonathan Shay, Max Cleland, John S. McCain (Scribner, November 2002) ISBN 0743211561
- Worth the Fighting for: A Memoir by John McCain, Mark Salter (Random House, September 2002) ISBN 0375505423
- Unfinished Business: Afghanistan, the Middle East and Beyond--Defusing the Dangers That Threaten America's Security by Harlan Ullman, John S. McCain (Citadel Press, June 2002) ISBN 0806524316
- Faith of My Fathers by John McCain, Mark Salter (Random House, August 1999) ISBN 0375501916
- The Reminiscences of Admiral John S. McCain, Jr., U.S. Navy (retired) by John S. McCain (U.S. Naval Institute, 1999) ISBN B0006RY8ZK
|Current Office: U.S. Senate|
Ranking Member On:
Ranking Member On:
Senate Committee on Armed Services
Republican Main Street Partnership
|Committees: Senate Committee on Armed Services, Senate Committee on Commerce Science and Transportation, Senate Committee on Commerce Science and Transportation/Subcommittee on Aviation Operations Safety and Security, Senate Committee on Commerce Science and Transportation/Subcommittee on Consumer Affairs Insurance and Automotive Safety, Senate Committee on Commerce Science and Transportation/Subcommittee on Interstate Commerce Trade and Tourism, Senate Committee on Commerce Science and Transportation/Subcommittee on Science Technology and Innovation, Senate Committee on Commerce Science and Transportation/Subcommittee on Surface Transportation and Merchant Marine Infrastructure Safety and Security, Senate Committee on Indian Affairs|
|First Elected to Current Office:
November 4, 1986
|First Took Current Office:
January 3, 1987
November 2, 2010
|Previous Political Work?
U.S. House of Representatives, 1983-86
|Other Party Membership:|
|Zip Code Affiliations:|
Date of Birth: August 29, 1936