Matt Ridley aka Viscount Ridley is a coal baron, science writer and AGW denier (lukewarmer variety) on the Academic Advisory Council of the denialist Global Warming Policy Foundation. Ridley is a landed aristocrat who earns an estimated £4.1 million each year from opencast coal mines on his Blagdon Estate with income guaranteed until 2020. He is also a Conservative member of the House of Lords. Ridley was chairman of the UK bank Northern Rock from 2004 to 2007, during which period Northern Rock experienced the first run on a British bank in 150 years. Ridley chose to resign, and the bank was bailed out by the UK government leading to the nationalisation of Northern Rock.
Matt Ridley is an English science writer, journalist and businessman. He was born in England in 1958. Ridley is best known for his books, which mainly focus on evolution and genetics, but he has also written for numerous (mostly conservative) newspapers. In 1983 he joined the Economist as science correspondent and became American editor in 1992.
Ridley studied zoology at Oxford University, completing a zoology doctorate in 1983.
In 2013 he was elected as hereditary peer in the House of Lords as a member of the UK Conservative Party.
Ridley has no expertise or training in climate science.
A speech Ridley gave in 2011 was textbook "Gish Gallop" (a debating technique in which a rapid-fire presentation of arguments, and changing topics very quickly, drowns opponents in such a torrent of small points of contention that they cannot possibly answer or address each one in real time) full of false claims, logical fallacies, and trivially true but irrelevant facts. It was "skeptic bingo", showing Ridley as "a techno-optimist of the Lomborgian mold". The speech was riddled with inconsistencies and errors, such as claiming the climate changed rapidly in the past, but asserting that climate sensitivity is very small. He also flubbed basic concepts, such as mixing up equilibrium sensitivity and transient sensitivity.
Matt Ridley has argued for a "lukewarm" view of climate change and against renewable energy policies that he considers damaging to the economy as well as the environment. In a report for a denier organization called the Global Warming Policy Foundation in 2013 he wrote:
- I have come to the conclusion that current energy and climate policy is probably more dangerous, both economically and ecologically, than climate change itself. This is not the same as arguing that climate has not changed or that mankind is not partly responsible. That the climate has changed because of man-made carbon dioxide I fully accept. What I do not accept is that the change is or will be damaging, or that current policy would prevent it.
Ridley claims that climate change has done more good than harm so far and is likely to continue doing so for most of this century. He stated:
- There are many likely effects of climate change: positive and negative, economic and ecological, humanitarian and financial. And if you aggregate them all, the overall effect is positive today — and likely to stay positive until around 2080.
In 2006 Ridley wrote a response to the question "What's your dangerous idea?" entitled "Government is the problem not the solution", in which he described his attitude to government regulation:
- In every age and at every time there have been people who say we need more regulation, more government. Sometimes, they say we need it to protect exchange from corruption, to set the standards and police the rules, in which case they have a point, though often they exaggerate it... The dangerous idea we all need to learn is that the more we limit the growth of government, the better off we will all be.
In 2007 the environmentalist George Monbiot wrote an article in The Guardian connecting Ridley's libertarian economic philosophy and the £27 billion failure of Northern Rock. On 1 June 2010 Monbiot followed up his previous article in the context of Matt Ridley's book The Rational Optimist, which had just been published. Monbiot showed that Ridley had failed to learn from the collapse of Northern Rock.
In November 2010, the Wall Street Journal published a lengthy exchange between Ridley and the Microsoft founder Bill Gates on topics discussed in Ridley's book The Rational Optimist. Gates said that "What Mr. Ridley fails to see is that worrying about the worst case—being pessimistic, to a degree—can actually help to drive a solution".
On anthropogenic climate change in 2014, a Ridley Wall Street Journal op-ed was sharply challenged by Jeffrey Sachs of Columbia University's Earth Institute. Sachs termed "absurd" Ridley's characterization of a paper in Science magazine by two scientists Xianyao Chen and Ka-Kit Tung. Sachs cited the data in the article to rebut Ridley's contentions.
The White-Ridley family has owned the stunning Blagdon Estate in Northumbria since 1700, and for centuries mined coal and fireclay to amass a considerable fortune while fuelling the Industrial Revolution and British Empire. It has been estimated that open cast coal mining on this estate earns Ridley £4.1 million annually.
Northern Rock bank failure
The failure of Northern Rock was the first run on a British Bank since 1878. Under his chairmanship, the bank pursued what the Treasury select committee later described as a "high-risk, reckless business strategy". MPs identified the directors of Northern Rock as "the principal authors of the difficulties that the company has faced". They singled Ridley out for having failed "to provide against the risks that [Northern Rock] was taking and to act as an effective restraining force on the strategy of the executive members".
- Warts and All; Penguin, 1989
- The Red Queen; Penguin, 1993
- Down to Earth; Institute of Economic Affairs, 1995
- Down to Earth II; Institute of Economic Affairs, 1996
- The Origins of Virtue; Penguin, 1996
- The future of disease; Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1997
- Genome; 4th Estate, 1999
- Best American Science Writing (editor); Harper Collins 2002
- Nature via Nurture; Harper Collins, 2003
- Francis Crick; Harper Collins, 2006
- The Rational Optimist, 2010
Prizes and awards
- Welch Prize for best zoology degree, Oxford University 1979
- Glaxo science writer’s award for best science article1983
- Aventis prize for science books (short-listed four times)
- Samuel Johnson prize for non-fiction (short-listed) 2000
- Los Angeles Times Book Award (short-listed) 2001
- National Academies Book Award 2004
- Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature (1999)
- Fellow of the Academy of Medical Sciences (2003)
- Visiting Professor, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (2002)
- Honorary doctorate of science, Buckingham University
- Honorary Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford
- Honorary President, the International Centre for Life
- "The Genome Changes Eveything": A Talk with Matt Ridley http://www.edge.org/video/dsl/ridley.html
- Matt Ridley's climate science based on weak foundations http://www.carbonbrief.org/blog/2011/04/matt-ridleys-argument-based-on-weak-foundations
- Interview on Massive Change Radio in January 2004 http://www.renegademedia.info/media/radio-mp3/Matt_Ridley.mp3
- "We've never had it so good - and it's all thanks to science" - article in the Guardian, April 3, 2003 http://www.guardian.co.uk/life/opinion/story/0,12981,928170,00.html
- Matt Ridley's website http://www.mattridley.co.uk/
- Biography and video for the Edge Foundation http://www.edge.org/3rd_culture/bios/ridley.html
- Howard Friel, "Serial Mistake-Makers on Climate Change: On Bjorn Lomborg and Matt Ridley", Znet, June 14, 2010.
- From George Monbiot:
- Matt Ridley's Rational Optimist is telling the rich what they want to hear (2010)
- Ridleyed With Errors (June 2010)
- The Man Who Wants to Northern Rock the Planet (June 2010)
- Libertarians are the True Social Parasites (October 2007)
Resources and articles
- Matt Ridley's CV, from his website
- Matt Ridley's climate science based on weak foundations - Carbon Brief, April 2011
- Ridley climate quotes vs science, from Skeptical Science
- From Skeptical Science, July-Aug 2011:
- House of Lords Profile http://www.parliament.uk/biographies/lords/viscount-ridley/4272
- Beamish, David (6 February 2013). Conservative Hereditary Peers' By-election, February 2013: Result (PDF). Retrieved on 6 February 2013.
- Things Break (pseudonym) (2011-11-03). Matt Ridley needs to take some advice from Matt Ridley. The Way Things Break. Retrieved on 2011-11-03.
- "A Lukewarmer's Ten Tests", GWPF Report (28 January 2013). Retrieved on 20 December 2013.
- "Lord Ridley: Glass half full", The House Magazine (28 November 2013). Retrieved on 16 December 2013.
- "Why climate change is good for the world", The Spectator (19 October 2013). Retrieved on 16 December 2013.
- What's your dangerous idea? Matt Ridley "Government is the problem not the solution". The Edge (1 January 2006). Retrieved on 1 March 2008.
- Monbiot, George (23 October 2007). "Governments aren't perfect, but it's the libertarians who bleed us dry", London: The Guardian. Retrieved on 23 October 2007.
- Monbiot, George (7 June 2010). "The Man Who Wants to Northern Rock the Planet", The Guardian. Retrieved on 7 June 2010.
- Monbiot, George (19 June 2010). Ridleyed With Errors. George Monbiot. Retrieved on 19 June 2010.
- Ridley, Matt (26 November 2010). "Africa Needs Growth, Not Pity and Big Plans". Retrieved on 13 April 2011.
- Gates, Bill (26 November 2010). "Africa Needs Aid, Not Flawed Theories". Retrieved on 13 April 2011.
- Sachs, Jeffrey, "The Wall Street Journal Parade of Climate Lies", Huffington Post, 09/06/2014. Sachs' article links to Ridley's "Whatever Happened to Global Warming?" (subscription required), Wall Street Journal, September 4, 2014. Retrieved 2014-09-07.
- Ridley, Matt (2014-09-07). Whatever happened to global warming?. Matt Ridley Online. Retrieved on 2014-09-14.
- Fifth Report. House of Commons - Treasury (2008-01-26(?)). Retrieved on 2011-11-03. “The period from Friday 14 September 2007 to Monday 17 September saw the first run on the retail deposits of a United Kingdom bank since Victorian times. We analyse the causes and consequences of the run on Northern Rock, and the lessons to be learnt from it. We emphasise the advantages of legislative change on a cross-party basis and make proposals for such change, and for reforms of the Tripartite arrangements, on that basis.”
- George Monbiot (2010-05-31). This state-hating free marketeer ignores his own failed experiment. The Guardian. Retrieved on 2011-11-03.