Odisha and coal

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Introduction

Located on the northeast coast of India, the state of Odisha (formerly Orissa until 2011) is India's 11th most populous, with 41,947,358 people. If it were an independent country, it would rank 32nd, behind Tanzania and Kenya and ahead of Argentina and Poland.

Mining

Opencast and underground coal mining take place in Angul District and in Jharsuguda District, both located in the western part of the state. These mines produced 47.8 million tonnes of coal during 2001-2002.[1] The largest mining company in Orissa was Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd, a subsidiary of Coal India.[2]

Proposed coal plants

As shown in the map at the bottom of the page, proposed coal plants in Odisha are concentrated in three areas: (1) the Jharsuguda District, a mining area in northwest Odisha, (2) the Angul District, a mining area in central Odisha, and (3) the Cuttack/Bhubaneshwar area in eastern Odisha. Several other proposed projects are distributed across the state; three are located on or close to the coast, in Ganjam, Paradip, and Sakhigopal.

Table 1: Status totals for proposed coal plants

Status Capacity (MW)
Proposed 26,285
Early development 11,860
Advanced development 6,695
Construction 8,820
Newly commissioned since 1/1/10 2,940
Deferred -
Cancelled 2,000
Total 58,600

Table 2: Proposed coal plants in Odisha

Columns may be sorted by clicking on the headers.

Plant Company MW Annual CO2 (tons) Type Status Year
Aditya Aluminium power station Hindalco Industries 900 5,322,331 Construction
Angul I power station (Derang) Unit 1 Jindal India Thermal Power 600 3,548,220 Construction 2013
Angul I power station (Derang) Unit 2 Jindal India Thermal Power 600 3,548,220 Construction 2013
Angul I power station (Derang) Unit 3 Jindal India Thermal Power 600 3,548,220 Planning
Angul II power station (Derang) Jindal India Thermal Power 1320 7,806,085 Planning
Angul Smelter power station units 9 and 10 National Aluminium Company 240 1,419,288 Newly commissioned 2010
Angul Steel power station Jindal Steel & Power 810 4,790,098 Construction 2012
Babandh power station Lanco 1320 7,806,085 Supercritical Construction 2014
Balangir power station Sahara India Power Corporation 1320 7,806,085 Early development
Baragaon power station Jinbhuvish Power Generations 1320 7,806,085 Early development
Basundhara power station Mahanadi Coalfields Limited 1600 9,461,921 Supercritical Early development
Bhadrak Ultra Mega Power Project 4000 23,654,803 Supercritical Planning
Bhubaneshwar Jasper power station Bhubaneshwar Power 135 798,350 Planning
Brahmani power project NTPC & Coal India 2000 11,827,402 Planning
Choudwar power station Indian Metals & Ferro 30 177,411 Subcritical Newly commissioned
Choudwar power station Indian Metals & Ferro 120 709,644 Subcritical Advanced development
Cuttack power station (KVK Nilachal) Phase I KVK 350 2,069,795 Construction 2014
Cuttack power station (KVK Nilachal) Phase II KVK 700 4,139,591 Planning
Cuttack power station (VISA Power) VISA Power 1320 7,806,085 Supercritical Planning
Darlipali Super Thermal Power Station NTPC 1600 9,461,921 Supercritical Advanced development
Dhenkanal power station CESC 1000 5,913,701 Planning
Gajmara Super Thermal Power Station NTPC 1600 9,461,921 Advanced development
Ganjam power station SPR Infrastructure India 2640 15,612,170 Supercritical Early development
Ghogarpalli Ultra Mega Power Project Power Finance Corporation 4000 23,654,803 Planning
IB Thermal Power Station expansion Orissa Power Generation Corporation 1320 7,806,085 Advanced development
Jharsuguda CPP power station Units 8 & 9 Vedanta Resources 270 1,596,699 Newly commissioned 2011
Jharsuguda Ind-Barath power station Phase I Ind-Barath Power 700 4,139,591 Construction 2013
Jharsuguda Ind-Barath power station Phase II Ind-Barath Power 660 3,903,043 Supercritical Planning
Jharsuguda Sterlite power station Unit 1-4 Sterlite Energy 2400 14,192,882 Subcritical Newly commissioned 2010 - 2012
JR Power Project KSK Energy Ventures 1980 11,709,128 Early development
Kamalanga power station phase I GMR Energy 1050 6,209,386 Construction 2013
Kamalanga power station phase II GMR Energy 350 2,069,795 Advanced development
Kishore Nagar Coal-to-Liquids Project Jindal Steel & Power 1350 7,983,496 Planning
Malibrahmani power station Monnet Power Company 1050 6,209,386 Subcritical Advanced development 2014
Naraj Marthapur power project Tata Power 660 3,903,043 Planning
Navabharat II power station Essar Energy 1200 7,096,441 Planning
Navabharat power station Essar Energy 1050 6,209,386 Construction 2014
Neulapoi power station (Dhenkanal) CESC 1200 7,096,441 Early development 2015
Paradip power plant Essar Energy 120 709,644 Subcritical Construction
Pitamohul power station Ind-Barath Power 1320 7,806,085 Planning
Randia power station Facor Power 100 591,370 Subcritical Construction
Rengali power station Neyveli Lignite Corporation 2000 11,827,402 Planning
Sakhigopal Ultra Mega Power Project Power Finance Corporation 4000 23,654,803 Planning
Sri Ramchandrapur power project Dr. RKP Power 120 709,644 Subcritical Planning
Srirampur Coal-to-Liquids Project Strategic Energy Technology Systems 0 0 Planning
Sundargarh Ultra Mega Power Project (Lankahuda) NTPC 4000 23,654,803 Planning
Talabira thermal station Neyveli Lignite Corporation, Mahanadi Coal Fields 2000 11,827,402 Cancelled
Talcher Super Thermal Power Station second expansion NTPC 1320 7,806,085 Planning
Talcher Thermal Power Station first expansion NTPC 500 2,956,850 Planning
Wardha Naini Power Project KSK Energy Ventures 1800 10,644,661 Early development

Opposition to power plants

September 2011: Greenpeace calls for moratorium on new coal projects in Singrauli (Madhya Pradesh)

After releasing the 2011 report, "Singrauli: The Coal Curse," Greenpeace called for a moratorium on new coal mining activities in the Singrauli region, based on the findings of a Greenpeace team in the region that the projects "deprive the livelihood of displaced people and ruin their health." According to Priya Pillai, the communities are living in an atmosphere which is full of coal dust: "The people gave up their land for power that doesn't reach them."

In Singrauli, the Mahan, Chhatrasal, Amelia and Dongri Tal II forest blocks, which were earlier categorised as 'no go', are awaiting approval for coal mining from the government. Officially, 5,872.18 hectares of forest in the Singrauli region had been marked for non-forest use after the Forest Conservation Act came into force in 1980. According to the divisional forest officer of Singrauli, another 3,229 hectares have been proposed for such activities.

Singrauli is all set to become the country's "power capital" with a number of power plants coming up in Madhya Pradesh, apart from the nine open cast coal mines which are going to start production by 2014. The combined investment of all these projects is estimated to be over Rs 1 lakh crore. m/channels/cities/regions/visakhapatnam/protest-hinduja-power-plant-311 "Protest at Hinduja power plant,"] Deccan Chronicle, December 13, 2011</ref>

August 2007: 6,000 people face displacement in Madhya Pradesh

Five villages -- Sidhikhurg, Sidhikala, Tiyara, Jhanjhi, and Harrhawa -- covering approximately 3,000 acres and with a population of 10,000 people are slated for displacement by the Sasan Ultra Mega Power Project in the far western corner of Madhya Pradesh, a state located in central India. The project will use coal from mines located 20 to 25 kilometers away, in Mohar, Amlori, and Chatrasal. The project is sponsored by Reliance Power.[3]

Proposed coal-to-liquids projects

In March 2009 the Indian government announced that it had awarded two coal blocks for the development of two different coal-to-liquids projects in the state of Orissa. These are:

  • the north Arkhapal coal block to Strategic Energy Technology Systems Ltd, a 50:50 joint venture between Tata Power and Sasol Synfuels International, the international synfuels subsidiary of Sasol. It is projected that the $10 billion.[4] plant would produce 80,000 barrels of crude oil a day.[5] In early 2010 Orissa's Chief minister Naveen Patnaik told reporters that "though we have not identified the location, the proposed plant will be somewhere in the state." It was also reported that the coal would come from the Srirampur area in Talcher. The Business Standard also stated that the project "requires 3,000 acre of land for its main plant, additional land would be required for setting up coal mines, benefication plants, coal handling plants, water reservoirs, power plants and a township" and would involved the establishment of a 1600 megawatt power station. The newspaper also reported that the joint venture was "yet to make a formal application" for the plant the company was pressing the state government "to provide adequate facilities for early commissioning of the project."[6] (See Srirampur Coal-to-Liquids Project for more details).
  • the Ramchandi block to Jindal Steel and Power Limited (JSPL) is projected to produce 80,000 barrels per day will use the German Lurgi technology. The plant is proposed to be established at Kishore Nagar in Angul district of Orissa. Waste coal from the washery is proposed to be used as fuel for a 1,350MW power station. [5] (See Kishore Nagar Coal-to-Liquids Project for more details).

Citizen Groups

Articles and Resources

Sources

  1. "Coal Mines in Orissa," accessed June 2012
  2. "India", World Coal Institute, undated, accessed June 2008.
  3. "6,000 people to lose land to Sasan project," Rediff India Abroad, August 27, 2007
  4. "Sasol-Tata Steel JV aims to produce 80,000 bpd by 2018", Business Standard, June 02, 2010.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Tatas, Jindals win coal-to-oil crowns", The Telegraph, March 3, 2009.
  6. "Tata Steel-Sasol to set up CTL plant in Orissa", Business Standard, January 18, 2010.

Maps

Proposed coal plants (map)

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External References