Odisha and coal

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Introduction

Located on the northeast coast of India, the state of Odisha (formerly Orissa until 2011) is India's 11th most populous, with 41,947,358 people. If it were an independent country, it would rank 32nd, behind Tanzania and Kenya and ahead of Argentina and Poland.

Mining

Opencast and underground coal mining take place in Angul District and in Jharsuguda District, both located in the western part of the state. These mines produced 47.8 million tonnes of coal during 2001-2002.[1] The largest mining company in Orissa was Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd, a subsidiary of Coal India.[2]

Proposed coal plants

As shown in the map at the bottom of the page, proposed coal plants in Odisha are concentrated in three areas: (1) the Jharsuguda District, a mining area in northwest Odisha, (2) the Angul District, a mining area in central Odisha, and (3) the Cuttack/Bhubaneshwar area in eastern Odisha. Several other proposed projects are distributed across the state; three are located on or close to the coast, in Ganjam, Paradip, and Sakhigopal.

Table of proposed and newly operating coal plants (updated December 2015)

For a country-wide table of proposed coal plants, see Proposed coal plants in India.

Note: Columns may be sorted by clicking on the headers.

Unit Sponsor Parent company Capacity (MW) Status Permits Location
Angul I power station (Derang) Unit 1 Jindal India Thermal Power Jindal India Thermal Power 600 Operating EC 29 Sept 2008 at http://bit.ly/1fE4Et4 Derang
Angul I power station (Derang) Unit 2 Jindal India Thermal Power Jindal India Thermal Power 600 Operating EC 29 Sept 2008 at http://bit.ly/1fE4Et4 Derang
Angul I power station (Derang) Unit 3 Jindal India Thermal Power Jindal India Thermal Power 600 Shelved Derang
Angul II power station (Derang) Jindal India Thermal Power Jindal India Thermal Power 1320 Shelved Derang
Angul Smelter power station Unit 10 National Aluminium Company National Aluminium Company 120 Operating Banarpal & Balaram Prasad
Angul Smelter power station Unit 11 National Aluminium Company National Aluminium Company 250 Shelved TOR 1 Nov 2012 at http://bit.ly/QHTfCE Banarpal & Balaram Prasad
Angul Smelter power station Unit 12 National Aluminium Company National Aluminium Company 250 Shelved TOR 1 Nov 2012 at http://bit.ly/QHTfCE Banarpal & Balaram Prasad
Angul Smelter power station Unit 9 National Aluminium Company National Aluminium Company 120 Operating Banarpal & Balaram Prasad
Angul Steel power station Unit 1 Jindal Steel & Power Jindal Steel & Power 135 Operating Derang
Angul Steel power station Unit 2 Jindal Steel & Power Jindal Steel & Power 135 Operating Derang
Angul Steel power station Unit 3 Jindal Steel & Power Jindal Steel & Power 135 Operating Derang
Angul Steel power station Unit 4 Jindal Steel & Power Jindal Steel & Power 135 Operating Derang
Angul Steel power station Unit 5 Jindal Steel & Power Jindal Steel & Power 135 Operating Derang
Angul Steel power station Unit 6 Jindal Steel & Power Jindal Steel & Power 135 Operating Derang
Babandh power station Phase I Unit 1 Lanco Lanco 660 Construction EC 17 Feb 2010 at http://bit.ly/QHYJ0e Kharagprasad
Babandh power station Phase I Unit 2 Lanco Lanco 660 Construction EC 17 Feb 2010 at http://bit.ly/QHYJ0e Kharagprasad
Babandh power station Phase II Unit 1 Lanco Lanco 660 Shelved Kharagprasad
Babandh power station Phase II Unit 2 Lanco Lanco 660 Shelved Kharagprasad
Balangir power station Unit 1 Sahara India Power Corporation Sahara India Power Corporation 660 Pre-permit development TOR 8 Dec 2009 at http://bit.ly/S8k9Vc; EIA Nov 2013 at http://bit.ly/1mYgzr2 Ghantbahali, Mohda, Luthurbanda, Sarganamunda, Jamjor, Podapodar &
Balangir power station Unit 2 Sahara India Power Corporation Sahara India Power Corporation 660 Pre-permit development TOR 8 Dec 2009 at http://bit.ly/S8k9Vc; EIA Nov 2013 at http://bit.ly/1mYgzr2 Ghantbahali, Mohda, Luthurbanda, Sarganamunda, Jamjor, Podapodar &
Baragaon power station Jinbhuvish Power Generations Jinbhuvish Power Generations 1320 Cancelled Serko
Basundhara power station Unit 1 Mahanadi Coalfields Limited Mahanadi Coalfields Limited 800 Cancelled Basundhara
Basundhara power station Unit 2 Mahanadi Coalfields Limited Mahanadi Coalfields Limited 800 Cancelled Basundhara
Bhapur power station Unit 1 BGR Energy Systems BGR Energy Systems 660 Cancelled Bhapur
Bhapur power station Unit 2 BGR Energy Systems BGR Energy Systems 660 Cancelled Bhapur
Bhubaneshwar Jasper power station Bhubaneshwar Power Bhubaneshwar Power 135 Cancelled http://bit.ly/QHYanf Environmental Clearance, May 14, 2010 Anantapur
Choudwar power station Unit 4 Indian Metals & Ferro Indian Metals & Ferro 60 Operating Form 1 at http://bit.ly/1q7n4fR Choudwar
Choudwar power station Unit 5 Indian Metals & Ferro Indian Metals & Ferro 60 Operating http://bit.ly/1k6jYkJ Environmental Clearance, May 14, 2010 Choudwar
Cuttack power station (KVK Nilachal) Phase I KVK KVK 350 Shelved http://bit.ly/1k6jYkJ Environmental Clearance, May 14, 2010 Kandarei
Cuttack power station (KVK Nilachal) Phase II Unit 1 KVK KVK 350 Permitted EC 18 Feb 2009 at http://bit.ly/1fE1HbS Kandarei
Cuttack power station (KVK Nilachal) Phase II Unit 2 KVK KVK 350 Permitted EC 18 Feb 2009 at http://bit.ly/1fE1HbS Kandarei
Cuttack power station (VISA Power) VISA Power VISA Power 1320 Shelved EC 18 Feb 2009 at http://bit.ly/1fE1HbS Brahmanbasta
Darlipali Super Thermal Power Station Unit 1 NTPC NTPC 800 Construction http://bit.ly/QHVHJq Environmental Clearance, Jan 17, 2012 Darlipali
Darlipali Super Thermal Power Station Unit 2 NTPC NTPC 800 Construction EC 17 Feb 2014 at http://bit.ly/1nOCD7g Darlipali
Gajamara Ultra Mega Power Project 4000 Announced EC 17 Feb 2014 at http://bit.ly/1nOCD7g Gajamara
Gajmara Super Thermal Power Station Unit 1 NTPC NTPC 800 Shelved Gajmara
Gajmara Super Thermal Power Station Unit 2 NTPC NTPC 800 Shelved Gajmara
Ganjam power station Unit 1 SPR Infrastructure India SPR Infrastructure India 660 Cancelled
Ganjam power station Unit 2 SPR Infrastructure India SPR Infrastructure India 660 Cancelled
Ghogarpalli Ultra Mega Power Project Ghogarpalli Integrated Power Co. Ghogarpalli Integrated Power Co. 4000 Cancelled Ghogarpalli
Hemgir power station Unit 1 Mahanadi Basin Power Coal India 800 Pre-permit development Sardega, Tiklipara and Gopalpur
Hemgir power station Unit 2 Mahanadi Basin Power Coal India 800 Pre-permit development TOR 16 Feb 2012 at http://bit.ly/1CZijsk Sardega, Tiklipara and Gopalpur
IB Thermal Power Station Unit 3 Odisha Power Generation Corporation Odisha Power Generation Corporation 660 Construction TOR 16 Feb 2012 at http://bit.ly/1CZijsk Banaharpalli
IB Thermal Power Station Unit 4 Odisha Power Generation Corporation Odisha Power Generation Corporation 660 Construction Banaharpalli
Jamunda power station Unit 1 Jindal Power Jindal Power 660 Shelved "
" Jamunda
Jamunda power station Unit 2 Jindal Power Jindal Power 660 Shelved TOR 28 Dec 2011 at http://bit.ly/RkQFCI Jamunda
Jharsuguda CPP power station Units 8 & 9 Sesa Sterlite Vedanta Group 270 Operating TOR 28 Dec 2011 at http://bit.ly/RkQFCI Bhurkamunda/Brundamal
Jharsuguda Ind-Barath power station Phase I Unit 1 Ind-Barath Energy (Utkal) Ind-Barath Power 350 Construction EC 14 March 2007 at http://bit.ly/1kkEZs3 Sahajbahal
Jharsuguda Ind-Barath power station Phase I Unit 2 Ind-Barath Energy (Utkal) Ind-Barath Power 350 Construction EC 30 Nov 2009 at http://bit.ly/1fE0z8h Sahajbahal
Jharsuguda Ind-Barath power station Phase II Ind-Barath Energy (Utkal) Ind-Barath Power 660 Shelved EC 30 Nov 2009 at http://bit.ly/1fE0z8h Sahajbahal
Jharsuguda Sterlite power station Unit 1 Sterlite Energy Sterlite Energy 600 Operating TOR 10 Feb 2010 at http://bit.ly/1q7kqXm Brundamal
Jharsuguda Sterlite power station Unit 2 Sterlite Energy Sterlite Energy 600 Operating EC 7 Dec 2007 at http://bit.ly/1hCAQwS Brundamal
Jharsuguda Sterlite power station Unit 3 Sterlite Energy Sterlite Energy 600 Operating EC 7 Dec 2007 at http://bit.ly/1hCAQwS Brundamal
Jharsuguda Sterlite power station Unit 4 Sterlite Energy Sterlite Energy 600 Operating EC 7 Dec 2007 at http://bit.ly/1hCAQwS Brundamal
JR Power Project Unit 1 KSK Energy Ventures KSK Energy Ventures 660 Cancelled EC 7 Dec 2007 at http://bit.ly/1hCAQwS Baija
JR Power Project Unit 2 KSK Energy Ventures KSK Energy Ventures 660 Cancelled TOR 7 Oct 2010 at http://bit.ly/RkVnQV Baija
JR Power Project Unit 3 KSK Energy Ventures KSK Energy Ventures 660 Cancelled TOR 7 Oct 2010 at http://bit.ly/RkVnQV Baija
Kamakhyanagar power station Unit 1 Odisha Thermal Power Corporation Odisha Thermal Power Corporation 800 Pre-permit development TOR 7 Oct 2010 at http://bit.ly/RkVnQV Annupurna Khamar
Kamakhyanagar power station Unit 2 Odisha Thermal Power Corporation Odisha Thermal Power Corporation 800 Pre-permit development TOR 5 March 2013 at http://bit.ly/S8mcsr Annupurna Khamar
Kamakhyanagar power station Unit 3 Odisha Thermal Power Corporation Odisha Thermal Power Corporation 800 Pre-permit development TOR 5 March 2013 at http://bit.ly/S8mcsr Annupurna Khamar
Kamalanga power station phase I Unit 1 GMR Energy GMR Energy 350 Operating TOR 5 March 2013 at http://bit.ly/S8mcsr Kamalanga
Kamalanga power station phase I Unit 2 GMR Energy GMR Energy 350 Operating EC 5 Feb 2008 at http://bit.ly/1hCAtSW Kamalanga
Kamalanga power station phase I Unit 3 GMR Energy GMR Energy 350 Operating EC 5 Feb 2008 at http://bit.ly/1hCAtSW Kamalanga
Kamalanga power station phase II GMR Energy GMR Energy 350 Shelved EC 5 Feb 2008 at http://bit.ly/1hCAtSW Kamalanga
Kishornagar power station Unit 1 Orissa Power and Infratech Orissa Power and Infratech 1350 Cancelled Papa sara, Kataranga Gundermunda, Baninali, Baisena and Handpa
Malibrahmani power station Unit 1 Monnet Power Company Monnet Power Company 1050 Construction Malibrahmani
Malibrahmani power station Unit 2 Monnet Power Company Monnet Power Company 1050 Construction Malibrahmani
Malibrahmani power station Unit 3 Monnet Power Company Monnet Power Company 660 Shelved EC June 29 2010 but not on MoEF website Malibrahmani
Meramandali power station Bhushan Energy Bhushan Energy 185 Permitted TOR 16 Feb 2012 at http://bit.ly/1g1Mwtt Meramandali
Meramandali power station Bhushan Energy Bhushan Energy 256 Permitted TOR 31 Oct 2012 at http://bit.ly/PPMH3S; EC 12 Feb 2015 at http://bit.ly/1GPekRy Meramandali
Nandichod power station Tata Sponge Iron Tata Group 135 Shelved TOR 31 Oct 2012 at http://bit.ly/PPNDVQ; EC 12 Feb 2015 http://bit.ly/1Iw6gXZ Nandichod (Gopiballavpur) and Jhintipal Jungle
Navabharat power station (Phase I) Essar Energy Essar Energy 1050 Shelved TOR 25 Jan 2012 at http://bit.ly/1j234Xd
Navabharat power station Phase II Essar Energy Essar Energy 1200 Cancelled EC 8 Feb 2008 at http://bit.ly/1nFYKND
Neulapoi power station (Dhenkanal) Unit 1 CESC CESC 660 Shelved Neulapoi
Neulapoi power station (Dhenkanal) Unit 1 CESC CESC 660 Shelved EIA Jan 2013 at http://bit.ly/1m9AwxT Neulapoi
Pitamahul power station Ind-Barath Power Ind-Barath Power 1320 Cancelled EIA Jan 2013 at http://bit.ly/1m9AwxT Pitamahul
Rairakhol power station Unit 1 Visaka Thermal Power Visaka Thermal Power 660 Announced Dimirimunda, Samsingha & Mahulamunda
Rairakhol power station Unit 2 Visaka Thermal Power Visaka Thermal Power 660 Announced TOR 13 May 2011 at http://bit.ly/RkRThd, Additional Info 11 Feb 2014 at http://bit.ly/RkSOOM; Form 1, 11 Feb 2015 at http://bit.ly/1FnElJ2 Dimirimunda, Samsingha & Mahulamunda
Randia power station Unit 1 Facor Power Facor Power 50 Operating TOR 13 May 2011 at http://bit.ly/RkRThd, Additional Info 11 Feb 2014 at http://bit.ly/RkSOOM; Form 1, 11 Feb 2015 at http://bit.ly/1FnElJ2 Bhadrak
Randia power station Unit 2 Facor Power Facor Power 50 Operating Bhadrak
Rengali power station Neyveli Lignite Corporation Neyveli Lignite Corporation 2000 Cancelled Rengali
Sakhigopal Ultra Mega Power Project Power Finance Corporation Power Finance Corporation 4000 Cancelled
Sodamal power station Unit 1 Kalinga Energy and Power Shyam Group 660 Cancelled Sodamal
Sodamal power station Unit 2 Kalinga Energy and Power Shyam Group 660 Cancelled TOR 16 Feb 2012 at http://bit.ly/1o2dLZK Sodamal
Spi Ports power station Unit 1 Spi Ports Private Limited Spi Ports Private Limited 660 Announced TOR 16 Feb 2012 at http://bit.ly/1o2dLZK Alailo, Bilipada, Nachhipada & Niamatpur Villages
Spi Ports power station Unit 2 Spi Ports Private Limited Spi Ports Private Limited 660 Announced Alailo, Bilipada, Nachhipada & Niamatpur Villages
Sri Ramchandrapur power project Dr. RKP Power Dr. RKP Power 120 Pre-permit development Sriramchnadarpuram
Captive Power Plant for Srirampur Coal-to-Liquids Project Strategic Energy Technology Systems Tata Group and Sasol 1080 Cancelled TOR 26 Sept 2012 at http://bit.ly/1o2cHVN Ranjagola
Sundargarh Ultra Mega Power Project (Lankahuda) Odisha Integrated Power Ltd (OIPL) Odisha Integrated Power Ltd (OIPL) 4000 Announced Bhedabahal
Talabira thermal station Neyveli Lignite Corporation, Mahanadi Coal Fields Neyveli Lignite Corporation, Mahanadi Coal Fields 2000 Cancelled Talabira
Talcher Kaniha Super Thermal Power Station first expansion NTPC NTPC 1600 Announced Kaniha
Talcher power station (NSL Nagapatnam) Unit 1 NSL Nagapatnam Power & Infratech NSL Group 660 Permitted EC 25 March 2013 at http://bit.ly/QHVjdU; EIA at http://bit.ly/QHVpCk Tentulei, Ghantapada, Jagannathapur, Sana Scatland, Bada Scatland
Talcher power station (NSL Nagapatnam) Unit 2 NSL Nagapatnam Power & Infratech NSL Group 660 Permitted EC 25 March 2013 at http://bit.ly/QHVjdU; EIA at http://bit.ly/QHVpCk Tentulei, Ghantapada, Jagannathapur, Sana Scatland, Bada Scatland
Talcher power station Stage II Unit 1 NTPC NTPC 660 Pre-permit development TOR 24 Aug 2009 at http://bit.ly/1q7lYAO; TOR 22 Oct 2014 http://bit.ly/1FDycFL Kaniha
Talcher power station Stage II Unit 2 NTPC NTPC 660 Pre-permit development TOR 24 Aug 2009 at http://bit.ly/1q7lYAO; TOR 22 Oct 2014 http://bit.ly/1FDycFL Kaniha
Tata Begunia power station Tata Power Tata Power 660 Permitted EC 15 Feb 2011 at http://bit.ly/QHXbTZ

Opposition to power plants

September 2011: Greenpeace calls for moratorium on new coal projects in Singrauli (Madhya Pradesh)

After releasing the 2011 report, "Singrauli: The Coal Curse," Greenpeace called for a moratorium on new coal mining activities in the Singrauli region, based on the findings of a Greenpeace team in the region that the projects "deprive the livelihood of displaced people and ruin their health." According to Priya Pillai, the communities are living in an atmosphere which is full of coal dust: "The people gave up their land for power that doesn't reach them."

In Singrauli, the Mahan, Chhatrasal, Amelia and Dongri Tal II forest blocks, which were earlier categorised as 'no go', are awaiting approval for coal mining from the government. Officially, 5,872.18 hectares of forest in the Singrauli region had been marked for non-forest use after the Forest Conservation Act came into force in 1980. According to the divisional forest officer of Singrauli, another 3,229 hectares have been proposed for such activities.

Singrauli is all set to become the country's "power capital" with a number of power plants coming up in Madhya Pradesh, apart from the nine open cast coal mines which are going to start production by 2014. The combined investment of all these projects is estimated to be over Rs 1 lakh crore. m/channels/cities/regions/visakhapatnam/protest-hinduja-power-plant-311 "Protest at Hinduja power plant,"] Deccan Chronicle, December 13, 2011</ref>

August 2007: 6,000 people face displacement in Madhya Pradesh

Five villages -- Sidhikhurg, Sidhikala, Tiyara, Jhanjhi, and Harrhawa -- covering approximately 3,000 acres and with a population of 10,000 people are slated for displacement by the Sasan Ultra Mega Power Project in the far western corner of Madhya Pradesh, a state located in central India. The project will use coal from mines located 20 to 25 kilometers away, in Mohar, Amlori, and Chatrasal. The project is sponsored by Reliance Power.[3]

Proposed coal-to-liquids projects

In March 2009 the Indian government announced that it had awarded two coal blocks for the development of two different coal-to-liquids projects in the state of Orissa. These are:

  • the north Arkhapal coal block to Strategic Energy Technology Systems Ltd, a 50:50 joint venture between Tata Power and Sasol Synfuels International, the international synfuels subsidiary of Sasol. It is projected that the $10 billion.[4] plant would produce 80,000 barrels of crude oil a day.[5] In early 2010 Orissa's Chief minister Naveen Patnaik told reporters that "though we have not identified the location, the proposed plant will be somewhere in the state." It was also reported that the coal would come from the Srirampur area in Talcher. The Business Standard also stated that the project "requires 3,000 acre of land for its main plant, additional land would be required for setting up coal mines, benefication plants, coal handling plants, water reservoirs, power plants and a township" and would involved the establishment of a 1600 megawatt power station. The newspaper also reported that the joint venture was "yet to make a formal application" for the plant the company was pressing the state government "to provide adequate facilities for early commissioning of the project."[6] (See Srirampur Coal-to-Liquids Project for more details).
  • the Ramchandi block to Jindal Steel and Power Limited (JSPL) is projected to produce 80,000 barrels per day will use the German Lurgi technology. The plant is proposed to be established at Kishore Nagar in Angul district of Orissa. Waste coal from the washery is proposed to be used as fuel for a 1,350MW power station. [5] (See Kishore Nagar Coal-to-Liquids Project for more details).

Citizen Groups

Articles and Resources

Sources

  1. "Coal Mines in Orissa," accessed June 2012
  2. "India", World Coal Institute, undated, accessed June 2008.
  3. "6,000 people to lose land to Sasan project," Rediff India Abroad, August 27, 2007
  4. "Sasol-Tata Steel JV aims to produce 80,000 bpd by 2018", Business Standard, June 02, 2010.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Tatas, Jindals win coal-to-oil crowns", The Telegraph, March 3, 2009.
  6. "Tata Steel-Sasol to set up CTL plant in Orissa", Business Standard, January 18, 2010.

Maps

Proposed coal plants (map)

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External References