Pat Robertson (Marion Gordon Robertson) founded the Christian Coalition of America in 1989 and headed the organization until his resignation in December 2002.
Robertson is the founder and chairman of The Christian Broadcasting Network (CBN) Inc. -- described as "a dedicated earth satellite station" -- based in Virginia Beach, Virginia, from which he broadcasts and hosts the "700 Club" program. Robertson is the founder of International Family Entertainment Inc., Regent University, of which he is president and chancellor, Operation Blessing International Relief and Development Corporation, American Center for Law and Justice, The Flying Hospital, Inc. and "several other organizations and broadcast entities." 
According to his "official site", "M. G. 'Pat' Robertson has achieved national and international recognition as a religious broadcaster, philanthropist, educator, religious leader, businessman, and author. He is the founder and chairman of The Christian Broadcasting Network (CBN) Inc., and founder of International Family Entertainment Inc., Regent University, Operation Blessing International Relief and Development Corporation, American Center for Law and Justice]], The Flying Hospital, Inc. and several other organizations and broadcast entities.
"Founded in 1960, CBN was the first Christian television network established in the United States. Today CBN is one of the world's largest television ministries and produces programming seen in 180 nations and heard in 71 languages including Russian, Arabic, Spanish, French and Chinese. CBN's flagship program, The 700 Club, which Mr. Robertson hosts, is one of the longest running religious television shows and reaches an average of one million American viewers daily."
"Robertson was born on March 22, 1930, in Lexington, Virginia, to A. Willis Robertson and Gladys Churchill Robertson. His father served for 34 years in the U.S. House of Representatives and U.S. Senate. Robertson's ancestry includes Benjamin Harrison, a signer of the Declaration of Independence and governor of Virginia, and two United States presidents, William Henry Harrison and Benjamin Harrison, the great-grandson of the signer of the Declaration of Independence. Robertson also shares ancestry with Winston Churchill."
"After graduating with honors from McCallie School in Chattanooga, Tennessee, a military prep school, Robertson entered Washington and Lee University in 1946, where he was elected to Phi Beta Kappa. In 1948 he enlisted in the U.S. Marine Corps Reserve. After graduating magna cum laude with a Bachelor of Arts degree from Washington and Lee in 1950, Robertson served as the assistant adjutant of the First Marine Division in combat in Korea. He was promoted to first lieutenant in 1952 upon his return to the United States. Robertson received a juris doctor degree from Yale University Law School in 1955 and a master of divinity degree from New York Theological Seminary in 1959."
"Robertson is past president of the prestigious Council on National Policy. In 1982 he served on President Ronald Reagan's Task Force on Victims of Crime. He is currently a member of the Board of the Virginia Economic Development Partnership, and previously served on the Governor's Council of Economic Advisors in the State of Virginia."
Following the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States, Robertson appeared together with Jerry Falwell on the "700 Club" and declared that the American Civil Liberties Union along with feminists, gays and abortions were responsible for the attacks because their lack of religion had caused God's wrath:
- FALWELL: What we saw on Tuesday, as terrible as it is, could be miniscule if, in fact--if, in fact--God continues to lift the curtain and allow the enemies of America to give us probably what we deserve.
- ROBERTSON: Jerry, that's my feeling. I think we've just seen the antechamber to terror. We haven't even begun to see what they can do to the major population.
- FALWELL: The ACLU's got to take a lot of blame for this.
- ROBERTSON: Well, yes.
- FALWELL: And, I know that I'll hear from them for this. But, throwing God out successfully with the help of the federal court system, throwing God out of the public square, out of the schools. The abortionists have got to bear some burden for this because God will not be mocked. And when we destroy 40 million little innocent babies, we make God mad. I really believe that the pagans, and the abortionists, and the feminists, and the gays and the lesbians who are actively trying to make that an alternative lifestyle, the ACLU, People For the American Way--all of them who have tried to secularize America--I point the finger in their face and say "you helped this happen."
- ROBERTSON: Well, I totally concur, and the problem is we have adopted that agenda at the highest levels of our government. And so we're responsible as a free society for what the top people do. And, the top people, of course, is the court system. 
In a subsequent news release, Robertson stated:
- We have allowed rampant pornography on the Internet, and rampant secularism and the occult, etc. to be broadcast on television. We have permitted somewhere in the neighborhood of 35-40 million unborn babies to be slaughtered by our society.
- We have a court that has essentially stuck its finger in God's eye and said, "We are going to legislate You out of the schools and take Your commandments from the courthouses in various states. We are not going to let little children read the commandments of God. We are not going to allow the Bible or prayer in our schools."
- We have insulted God at the highest level of our government. Then, we say, "Why does this happen?" It is happening because God Almighty is lifting His protection from us. Once that protection is gone, we are vulnerable because we are a free society.
- Don't ask why did it happen. It happened because people are evil. It also happened because God is lifting His protection from this nation and we must pray and ask Him for revival so that once again we will be His people, the planting of His righteousness, so that He will come to our defense and protect us as a nation. 
Muslims are "worse than Hitler"
On November 11, 2002. Robertson declared on "The 700 Club" that "what the Muslims want to do to the Jews is worse" than Adolf Hitler:
- Somehow I wish the Jews in America would wake up, open their eyes and read what is being said about them. This is worse than the Nazis. Adolf Hitler was bad, but what the Muslims want to do to the Jews is worse. The idea that you are going to make peace with the Muslim world by giving them territory is an absolute illusion. Yet, at the same time the so-called "doves" in America will criticize anybody who says anything against Islam, including me, if I say something that Islam is an erroneous religion, I get criticized by the Anti-Defamation League. You just say, when are you guys going to open your eyes and see who your enemy is? Those people want to destroy Jews. The Koran teaches that the end of the world will not come until every Jew is killed by the Muslims. The Muslims must eliminate every single Jew before there will be a final conclusion of this world and the next kingdom comes into being. That is taught in the Koran, plus the fact, they are like apes and pigs. This is not exactly conducive to peace and brotherhood. 
American Center for Law and Justice
Robertson founded the ACLJ in 1990 to counter the efforts of the ACLU. Recently the center filed a lawsuit to block the construction of the Park51, which was intended to be a Muslim community center, in New york City. The ACLJ was also involved in a lawsuit that sought to "protect the free speech rights" of Barry Sommers, president of the ACT! For America branch in Oregon after his class at Lane Community College was dropped. Sommers tried to use the class to promote anti-Islamic hysteria.
Prays for removal of Supreme Court justices
In July 2003, Robertson urged the "700 Club" audience to pray for God to remove three justices from the Supreme Court so they could be replaced by conservatives. "We ask for miracles in regard to the Supreme Court," Robertson said as he launched a 21-day "prayer offensive" directed at the Supreme Court in the wake of its 6-3 June vote that decriminalized sodomy. Robertson said in a letter on the CBN Web site that the ruling "has opened the door to homosexual marriage, bigamy, legalized prostitution and even incest." The same letter targeted three justices in particular: "One justice is 83-years-old, another has cancer and another has a heart condition. Would it not be possible for God to put it in the minds of these three judges that the time has come to retire?" 
Gold and Diamonds and Mr. Pat
Little known, except perhaps to trivia junkies is the fact the Robertson has had financial stakes in both gold and diamond mines in Africa and has invested $520,000 in a racehorse named Mr. Pat.  . "Reporter Bill Sizemore of The Virginian Pilot later discovered that Operation Blessing's planes were transporting diamond-mining equipment for the African Development Corporation, a Robertson-owned venture initiated with the cooperation of Zaire's then-dictator Mobutu Sese Seko. After a lengthy investigation, Virginia's Office of Consumer Affairs determined that Robertson 'willfully induced contributions from the public through the use of misleading statements and other implications.' Yet when the office called for legal action against Robertson in 1999, Virginia Attorney General Mark Earley, a Republican, intervened with his own report, agreeing that Robertson had made deceptive appeals but overruling the recommendation for his prosecution. Two years earlier, while Virginia's investigation was gathering steam, Robertson donated $35,000 to Earley's campaign--Earley's largest contribution.".
"In April 2002, Robertson acknowledged owning a race horse, named "Mr. Pat." He told a New York Times reporter that his interest in the horse was based purely on its aesthetics. "I don't bet and I don't gamble. I just enjoy watching horses running and performing." Harder to explain was why he spent $520,000 on the horse and intended the beast to compete at the track. But the resulting furor over Pat's direct participation in a gambling racket eventually caused him to sell the horse a month after the Times story broke"  .
Robertson proposes Chavez be assassinated
In August 2005, Robertson advocated that covert American agents should assassinate Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez: "We have the ability to take him out, and I think the time has come that we exercise that ability. We don't need another $200 billion war to get rid of one, you know, strong-arm dictator. It's a whole lot easier to have some of the covert operatives do the job and then get it over with."
"You know, I don't know about this doctrine of assassination, but if he thinks we're trying to assassinate him, I think that we really ought to go ahead and do it. It's a whole lot cheaper than starting a war ... and I don't think any oil shipments will stop," Associated Press reported. Asked about the comments at a Pentagon media conference, Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld said "our department doesn't do that kind of thing. It's against the law. He's a private citizen. Private citizens say all kinds of things all the time." 
- "I didn’t say 'assassination.' I said our special forces should 'take him out.' 'Take him out' could be a number of things including kidnapping." --Pat Robertson, Thursday, August 25, 2005. 
- "'Is it right to call for assassination?' Robertson said. 'No, and I apologize for that statement. I spoke in frustration that we should accommodate the man who thinks the U.S. is out to kill him.'" --Pat Robertson, later on Thursday, August 25, 2005. 
Other Quotable Quotes
- "If they look over the course of 100 years, I think the gradual erosion of the consensus that's held our country together is probably more serious than a few bearded terrorists who fly into buildings," he told ABC news in May 2005 when asked whether 'activist' judges were more of a threat to the U.S. than terrorists; 
- "Maybe we need a very small nuke thrown off on Foggy Bottom to shake things up," he said in criticism of the State Department during a "700 Club" interview in October 2003; 
- "I'd like to say to the good citizens of Dover: if there is a disaster in your area, don't turn to God, you just rejected Him from your city," "And don't wonder why He hasn't helped you when problems begin, if they begin. I'm not saying they will, but if they do, just remember, you just voted God out of your city. And if that's the case, don't ask for His help because he might not be there,". This was in response to Dover Pennsylvania voters decision to eject all of their school board members for their pro-creationist agenda. 
- "It's clear from the teachings of the Koran and also from the history of Islam that it's anything but peaceful. Of course there are peace-loving Muslims. But at the same time, at the core of this religion ... is jihad, and it is to subject the unbelievers either to forced conversion or death. That's what it teaches," he said in 2002. 
- "Read Pat's latest book, a collection of questions and answers from the popular Bring It On segment of The 700 Club." Note found in righthand margin of page.
- Rob Boston The Most Dangerous Man in America?: Pat Robertson and the Rise of the Christian Coalition, Prometheus Books (April 1, 1996) ISBN 1573920533.
- Alec Foege, The Empire God Built: Inside Pat Robertson's Media Machine, Wiley (August 1996) ISBN 047115993X.
Critical Reviews of New World Order
- Joe Queenan, "New World Order Nut," Wall Street Journal, December 31, 1991.
- Joseph Conn, "Apocalypse Now: Pat Robertson's New World Order-and Your Place in It," Church & States, June 1992.
- Michael Lind, "Rev. Robertson's Grand International Conspiracy Theory," New York Review of Books, February 2, 1995.
- Jacob Heilbrunn, "On Pat Robertson: His Anti-Semitic Sources," New York Review of Books, April 20, 1995.
Related SourceWatch Resources
- Banana Republicans
- Council of American Muslims for Understanding
- Hurricane Katrina: Profiteering
- Ralph Reed
- Ralph Reed: External Links: Articles & Commentary
- religion and empire
- The Bush Theocracy
- "Pat Robertson" in the Demopedia.
- "Pat Robertson" in the dKosopedia.
- "Pat Robertson" in the Wikipedia.
- Biographical Profile: Pat Robertson, Regent University website.
- Press Release: "President Bush Appoints Dr. Pat Robertson to Manage Afghan Children's Fund," White House, December 9, 2001.
- "PAT ROBERTSON:jack of hearts. (CS, L, B, CH, $) (what do these signs mean?)," deal-with-it.org.
- Pat Robertson on the Randi Rhodes show, May 6, 2005. Robertson (re callers): "The last one was OK, but the first three were all homosexuals. I know I know. I've had this before." Video link provided through mykeru.com.
- CBN website.
- "Pat Robertson," Right Wing Watch website.
- Mike Schafer, "I Hate Pat Robertson" website. Daily news and updates on Pat Robertson and the Religious Right.
- "The Anti-Pat Robertson / Christian Coalition Site" website.
- Events Related To Pat Robertson (2001-2004), Harper's Magazine Online.
- "Pat Robertson" at Wikiquote.
- "Positive Atheism's Big Scary List Of Pat Robertson Quotations," Positive Atheism website.
Articles & Commentary
- Sonja Barisic, "God tells me it's Bush in a blowout," AP, January 2, 2004: "Pat Robertson said Friday that God told him President George W. Bush will be re-elected in a landslide. ... The Rev. Barry W. Lynn, a frequent Robertson critic and executive director of Americans United for Separation of Church and State (www.au.org), said he had a prediction of his own. ... 'I predict that Pat Robertson in 2004 will continue to use his multimillion broadcasting empire to promote George Bush and other Republican candidates,' Lynn said in a statement. 'Maybe Pat got a message from (Bush political adviser) Karl Rove and thought it was from God.'"
- Cal Thomas, "Pat Robertson's 'Burning Bush'," TownHall.com, January 7, 2004.
- Robert Scheer, "Lord knows what Pat Robertson wants," Columbia Daily Tribune, April 8, 2004.
- "The Political Fallout: Bush's New War Plan," Newsweek, May 24, 2004 (issue).
- Frederick Clarkson, "Pat Robertson," excerpted from What Is Christian Reconstrucitionism?, July 14, 2004 (at TheocracyWatch.org website).
- Steven V. Vegh, "Ambassador from Israel rallies local Christians," The Virginian-Pilot, August 23, 2004.
- Karen Kwiakowski, "The Monolatry of Pat Robertson," LewRockwell.com, August 25, 2004.
- "Thousands of Christians support Israel in visit despite fighting," AP, October 4, 2004.
- Laurie Copans, "Pat Robertson warns Bush against dividing Jerusalem," Associated Press, October 4, 2004.
- "Pat Robertson claims Indians 'not totally literate'," Sioux Falls Argus Leader, October 18, 2004.
- Douglass K. Daniel, "Pat Robertson says Bush told him there would be no casualties in Iraq war," SFGate, October 20, 2004.
- "No casualties? White House disputes Robertson comment. 'The president never made such a comment'," CNN, October 21, 2004.
- John Fortt, "Bush skewered by Pat Robertson on CNN and Ron Suskind in the New York Times Magazine: Is the president's faith delusional?," Cross, October 21, 2004.
- Philip James, "Televangelical tentacles. TV evangelist Pat Robertson is threatening to mobilise millions of his Christian viewers and 'de-liberalise' the US judiciary," Guardian Unlimited/UK, November 19, 2004.
- "Robertson: Gays and lesbians are 'self-absorbed hedonists ... that want to impose their particular sexuality on the rest of America'," Media Matters for America, December 2, 2004.
- Avery Walker, "Will Pat Robertson force us to tax Jesus?," The Raw Story, December 21, 2004.
- "Robertson: God 'will remove judges from the Supreme Court quickly'," Media Matters for America, January 4, 2005.
- "Pat Robertson threatens Frist over judicial nominees" (cache file), The Advocate, February 17, 2005.
- Michael Giltz, "Damn Inactivist Judges!" AMERICAblog, March 24, 2005: re Schiavo case: Governor Jeb "Bush has literally explored every legal means of action, but Pat Robertson was on CNN this evening saying a 'piddling little judge' shouldn't be bossing around the Governor of Florida."
- Steven V. Vegh, "Pat Robertson a prominent force in publishing," The Virginian-Pilot, April 11, 2005: "An author of 16 books, Robertson remains coveted by Christian publishers, who printed 1.1 million copies of his three latest books in just the past two years."
- Bob Brigham, "GA-Lt.Gov: Pat Robertson Slaps Ralph Reed," New York Times, April 18, 2005.
- George Stephanopoulos, Interview with Pat Robertson, This Week (posted on patrobertson.com), May 1, 2005; WMP and QT video links posted on Crooks and Liars website.
- "Pat Robertson Endorses Rudy," Sunday Morning Talk, May 1, 2005: "The increasingly irrelevant Pat Robertson, who, this morning on This Week, seemed to reaffirm that only Jews or Christians should serve in Cabinet and then attempted to tie Justice Ginburg to communism, tried to increase his relevance by throwing his weight behind Rudy Giuliani for President and cutting Bill Frist loose."
- Dick Polman, "Pat Robertson continues religion-based attacks on judiciary, Democrats," Kansas City Star, May 1, 2005.
- "Pat Robertson: Giuliani Would Make Good Prez," NewsMax.com, May 1, 2005.
- "Pat Robertson's contradictory theology: God won't stop a tsunami -- but might respond to Gay Days with an earthquake," Media Matters for America, May 2, 2005.
- Derek Rose, "Robertson: Judges worse than Al Qaeda," New York Daily News, May 2, 2005.
- John Aravosis, "Robertson, Sheldon: Muslim-Americans not fit for higher office in America," AMERICAblog, May 2, 2005. See the video at Crooks and Liars.
- Tony Peyser, Verse-Case Scenario: "Rev. Pat Robertson Says Federal Judges Are Worse Than Al Qaeda," BuzzFlash, May 3, 2005.
- "Pat Robertson: Madman," The Rude Pundit, May 3, 2005. Caution: may contain offensive language.
- Dick Meyer, "God, Judges & Reverend Pat," CBS News, May 3, 2005.
- "Sen. Lautenberg blasts Robertson, calls on Frist to condemn remarks," The Raw Story, May 3, 2005.
- John Aravosis, "Family Research Council excoriates Pat Robertson and Lou Sheldon," AMERICAblog, May 3, 2005.
- "Pat Robertson writes senator on terror; Judges bigger threat than 'cave dwellers'. Disputes contention Afghan terrorists problem," The Raw Story, May 6, 2005.
- Mel Seesholtz, "Pat Robertson, Infidels, and Luke 18:22," Counterbias.com, May 9, 2005.
- Melinda Pillsbury-Foster, "The rapture of Rove," Online Journal, May 10, 2005: "George Stephanopoulos should not have been surprised on the May 1 This Week when Christian Coalition founder Pat Robertson opined that liberal judges are a far greater threat than are terrorists. Pat is telling the truth; he is, however, fudging the context of these facts. Those facts reveal that liberal judges are a threat to Pat's second job, the one that has made Robertson and Ralph Reed both politically powerful and wealthy."
- Mariah Blake, "Stations Of The Cross: How evangelical Christians are creating an alternative universe of faith-based news", Columbia Journalism Review, May/June 2005.
- "Robertson called for the assassination of Venezuela's president," Media Matters for America, August 22, 2005. Includes August 22, 2005, video broadcast of Robertson on The 700 Club.
- "Televangelist calls for Chavez' death", Boston.com, August 23, 2005. (Associated Press).
- Sue Lindsey, "Robertson Calls for Chavez Assassination," Associated Press (Yahoo! News), August 23, 2005.
- Christopher Toothaker, "Venezuela slams Robertson over remarks", Boston.com, August 23, 2005. (Associated Press)
- "Chavez assassination row erupts", BBC, August 23, 2005.
- Barry Scheid, "U.S. Dodges Robertson Comments on Chavez", Guardian (UK), August 23, 2005. (This is as Associated Press story).
- Mary MacElveen, "Why not use the Patriot Act against religious fanatics like Pat Robertson?" VHeadline.com, August 23, 2005.
- Greg Palast, "Pat Robertson: 'I don't have to be nice to the spirit of the Antichrist'," gregpalast.com, August 23, 2005; reprint of article orginally published in Guardian (UK), May 23, 1999: "Right-wing TV evangelist and former Presidential candidate Pat Robertson is the man Bank of Scotland has chosen to spearhead its US subsidiary. Why?"
- Alan Cooperman, "Robertson Calls for Chavez Assassination," Washington Post, August 24, 2005.
- "Venezuela: Robertson's Comments 'Criminal'," Associated Press (Fox News), August 24, 2005.
- Anne Gearan, "U.S. Dodges Robertson Comments on Chavez," Associated Press (Yahoo! News), August 24, 2005: "There's an old Southern saying that you dance with the one that brung ya, but as the Bush administration found out this week, sometimes you don't want to dance too close."
- "State Department: Robertson 'Private Citizen'," Associated Press (Fox News), August 24, 2005.
- "Robertson Apologizes for Chavez Remark," Fox News, August 24, 2005.
- Ron Jacobs, "Who Would Jesus Assassinate? Hugo Chavez and the Men Who Claim to Speak for Jesus?" CounterPunch, August 24, 2005.
- Editorial: "Robertson's latest rant. Pat Robertson has evidently abandoned his call to preach the Gospel," Toledo Blade, August 25, 2005: "Mr. Robertson said on his 700 Club TV program that America should keep Venezuela from becoming 'a launching pad for communist infiltration and Muslim extremism.' ... While that's chilling enough, it's scary when added to his earlier bumbling follies. About two years ago he offered an outrageous suggestion to blow up the U.S. State Department with a nuclear device. There's more: His remark that feminism urges women to 'kill their children, practice witchcraft, destroy capitalism, and become lesbians' sounded like the rant of a seriously delusional individual."
- Deborah James, "Investigating Pat Robertson," AlterNet, August 25, 2005: "His frightening public call to assassinate Hugo Chávez is consistent with the U.S. government's hostile stance toward Venezuela -- but that doesn't mean it should go unpunished."
- Phil Rockstroh, "Listen up, you Christo-Fascist bullies," The Smirking Chimp, August 25, 2005.
- Mike Whitney, "Pat Robertson's Fatwah: A whole lotta smitin' goin' on," The Smirking Chimp, August 25, 2005.
- Max Blumenthal, "Pat Robertson's Katrina Cash," The Nation, September 7, 2005: "With the Bush Administration's approval, Robertson's $66 million relief organization, Operation Blessing, has been prominently featured on FEMA's list of charitable groups accepting donations for hurricane relief. Dozens of media outlets, including the New York Times, CNN and the Associated Press, duly reprinted FEMA's list, unwittingly acting as agents soliciting cash for Pat Robertson."
- "Pat Robertson: God told me of 'mass killing' in 2007," Associated Press (CNN), January 2, 2007.