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Political action committee

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This article is part of the
Campaign Finance
subseries of the
Transparency and Disclosure in the US Congress
series.
Political action committee
Federal Election Commission
Campaign Committee
Current Campaign Finance Legislation
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Institute of State Money & Politics

A political action committee (PAC) is a type of political committee organized to spend money for the election or defeat of a candidate. The PAC was created in 1944 by the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO). The CIO used their PAC to contribute money to pro-union candidates for office and to get around the Smith-Connally Act, which banned direct union contributions to candidates. Business groups began to create PACs in the 1960s and 1970s to counter the strength of the union PACs. In the 1980s Members of Congress began creating Leadership PACs to distribute money to members of their party with the intent of gaining clout within the party. By 1994 at least 38 Members of Congress had Leadership PACs. Today, there are hundreds of Members with Leadership PACs (see below).[1]

PACs are required to file with the Federal Election Commission (FEC) within 10 days of opening. Campaign Finance restrictions state that PACs can give $5,000 to a candidate committee per election (primary, general or special); give up to $15,000 annually to any national party committee, and $5,000 annually to any other PAC. PACs may receive up to $5,000 from any one individual, PAC or party committee per calendar year.[2]

Although most political action committees would be considered either conservative or liberal -- Republican or Democrat -- many are non-partisan, favoring neither political party, and focus on issues rather than party affiliation.

Major business PACs

Major Labor PACs

Ideological PACs

Additional PACs

Current Congressional Leadership PACs

Member of Congress PAC Member of Congress PAC Member of Congress PAC Member of Congress PAC
Rep. Jack Kingston (R-Ga) 13th Colony Leadership Cmte Sen. Daniel Inouye (D-Hawaii) DANPAC Rep. Xavier Becerra (D-Calif) Leadership of Today & Tomorrow Rep. Jerry Weller (R-Ill) Re-elect Freshmen of the Repub Majority
Sen. Johnny Isakson (R-Ga) 21st Century Majority Fund Sen. Richard C. Shelby (R-Ala) Defend America PAC Del. Luis Fortuno (R-PR) Leading Us In Success PAC Rep. Adam Putnam (R-Fla) RED PAC
Rep. Howard McKeon (R-Calif) 21st Century PAC Rep. Lincoln Diaz-Balart (R-Fla) Democracy Believers PAC Rep. Ron Paul (R-Texas) Liberty PAC Rep. Nathan Deal (R-Ga) Red Rooster Leadership PAC
Rep. Nick Rahall (D-WVa) 3T PAC Rep. Ellen O. Tauscher (D-Calif) Democrats for the Future Rep. Lamar Smith (R-Texas) Longhorn PAC Rep. Roy Blunt (R-Mo) Rely on Your Beliefs
Rep. Ray LaHood (R-Ill) Abraham Lincoln Leadership PAC Sen. Lisa Murkowski (R-AK) Denali PAC Sen. David Vitter (R-La) Louisiana Reform PAC Rep. Steven R. Rothman (D-NJ) Renewing Opportunity, Trust & Hope
Rep. Lynn A. Westmoreland (R-Ga) Acton PAC Rep. Charles Dent (R-Pa) DENT PAC Sen. Patty Murray (D-Wash) M-PAC Sen. Saxby Chambliss (R-Ga) Republican Majority Fund
Sen. John Cornyn (R-TX) Alamo PAC Sen. Susan Collins (R-Maine) Dirigo PAC Rep. John Mica (R-Fla) Majority In Congress PAC Rep. Darrell Issa (R-Calif) Rescue California
Sen. Larry Craig (R-Idaho) Alliance for the West Rep. Phil Gingrey (R-Ga) DOC PAC Rep. Mike Rogers (R-Mich) Majority Initiative-Keep Electing Repubs Rep. Roger Wicker (R-Miss) Responsibility & Freedom Work PAC
Rep. Neil Abercrombie (D-Hawaii) Aloha PAC Rep. David Wu (D-Ore) Education & Opportunity Fund Rep. John Murtha (D-Pa) Majority PAC Sen. Joseph I. Lieberman (I-Conn) Responsibility/Opportunity/Community PAC
Sen. Sherrod Brown (D-Ohio) America Works Rep. Elijah Cummings (D-Md) Empowering Each Community PAC Sen. Mike Enzi (R-Wyo) Making Business Excel PAC Sen. Sam Brownback (R-Kan) Restore America PAC
Rep. David Dreier (R-Calif) American Success PAC Rep. Ken Calvert (R-Calif) Eureka PAC Rep. Mary Bono (R-Calif) Mary's PAC Rep. Patrick J. Kennedy (D-RI) Rhode Island PAC
Rep. Christopher Shays (R) Americans for Common Sense Government Rep. Eric Cantor (R-Va) Every Republican is Crucial PAC Rep. Michael Capuano (D-Mass) Mass PAC Rep. John Duncan (R-Tenn) Road to Victory PAC
Sen. Evan Bayh (D-Ind) Americans for Responsible Leadership Rep. Thomas Davis (R-Va) Federal Victory Fund Rep. Don Young (R-Alaska) Midnight Sun Rep. Robin Hayes (R-NC) Robin PAC
Rep. Steny H. Hoyer (D-Md) AmeriPAC: The Fund for a Greater America Rep. Tom Feeney (R-Fla) Federalist PAC Rep. Mike Ferguson (R-NJ) Mike PAC Sen. Ken Salazar (D-Colo) Rocky Mountain PAC
Rep. Ander Crenshaw (R-Fla) ANDER PAC Sen. Thomas R. Carper (D-Del) First State PAC Rep. Peter Hoekstra (R-Mich) Milead Fund Sen. Chuck Hagel (R-Neb) Sandhills PAC
Rep. John Boozman (R-AR) Arkansas for Leadership Rep. Jeffrey Fortenberry (R-Neb) For Our Republic's Traditions Fund Rep. Mike Michaud (D-Maine) Mill to the Hill PAC Rep. Jim Saxton (R-NJ) SAXPAC
Rep. Richard H. Baker (R-La) Back America's Conservatives PAC Sen. Mel Martinez (R-Fla) Freedom & Democracy Fund Sen. Jim DeMint (R-SC) MINT PAC Sen. Harry Reid (D-Nev) Searchlight Leadership Fund
Rep. Tom Petri (R-Ohio) Badger Fund Sen. Mike Crapo (R-Idaho) Freedom Fund Rep. Dennis Cardoza (D-Calif) Moderate Victory Fund Rep. Sam Johnson (R-Texas) Secure America's Majority PAC
Rep. Ron Kind (D-Wis) Badger PAC Rep. John A. Boehner (R-Ohio) Freedom Project Rep. Melvin L. Watt (D-NC) Motivating Energetic Leadership PAC Rep. Jane Harman (D-Calif) SecureUS
Rep. Roscoe Bartlett (R-Md) BARTLETT PAC Sen. James M. Inhofe (R-Okla) Fund for a Conservative Future Sen. Bill Nelson (D-Fla) Moving America Forward Sen. Jon Kyl (R-Ariz) Senate Majority Fund
Sen. John Ensign (R-Nev) Battle Born PAC Sen. Lindsey Graham (R-SC) Fund for America's Future Sen. Jack Reed (D-RI) Narragansett Bay PAC Sen. Thad Cochran (R-Miss) Senate Victory Fund
Rep. Betty McCollum (D-Minn) Betty PAC Rep. Jerry Lewis (R-Calif) Future Leaders PAC Rep. Charles B. Rangel (D-NY) National Leadership PAC Rep. Howard Coble (R-NC) Sharp Pencil PAC
Sen. Arlen Specter (R-Pa) Big Tent PAC Sen. Max Baucus (D-Mont) Glacier PAC Sen. Ben Nelson (D-Neb) Nebraska Leadership PAC Rep. Frank Pallone (D-NJ) Shore PAC
Sen. Mitch McConnell (R-Ky) Bluegrass Cmte Rep. Bob Goodlatte (R-Va) Good Fund Rep. Mark Kirk (R-Ill) New American Leadership Fund Rep. Sam Graves (R-MO) Show Me PAC
Rep. Bart Stupak (D-Mich) BRIDGE PAC Sen. Byron L. Dorgan (D-ND) Great Plains Leadership Fund Rep. Jay Inslee (D-Wa) New Apollo Energy Rep. Ike Skelton (D-Mo) Show-Me Fund
Sen. George V. Voinovich (R-Ohio) Buckeye PAC Sen. Patrick Leahy (D-Vt) Green Mountain PAC Sen. Robert Menendez (D-NJ) New Millennium PAC Rep. Shelley Berkley (D-Nev) Silver State 21st Century PAC
Rep. Patrick J. Tiberi (R-Ohio) Buckeye State PAC Rep. Spencer Bachus (R-Ala) Growth & Prosperity PAC Rep. Devin Nunes (R-Ca) New PAC Sen. Robert F. Bennett (R-Utah) SNOWPAC
Rep. Gregory Meeks (D-NY) Build America PAC Rep. Allen Boyd (D-Fla) Harvest PAC Sen. Trent Lott (R-Miss) New Republican Majority Fund Rep. George Miller (D-Calif) Solidarity PAC
Sen. Barbara Mikulski (D-Md) Building A Majority PAC Sen. Chuck Grassley (R-Iowa) Hawkeye PAC Sen. Richard Burr (R-NC) Next Century Fund Rep. Steve Buyer (R-IN) Storm Chasers
Rep. Denny Rehberg (R-Mont) Building Our Opportunities Together PAC Rep. Todd Tiahrt (R-Kan) Heart PAC Rep. Earl Pomeroy (D-ND) NODAK PAC Sen. John McCain (R-Ariz) Straight Talk America
Rep. Peter Visclosky (D-Ind) Calumet PAC Sen. John Thune (R-SD) Heartland Values PAC Sen. Ted Stevens (R-Alaska) Northern Lights PAC Rep. Alan B. Mollohan (D-WV) Summit PAC
Sen. Orrin G. Hatch (R-Utah) Campaign for America's Future Rep. Hal Rogers (R-Ky) Help America's Leaders Sen. Norm Coleman (R-Minn) Northstar Leadership PAC Rep. John T. Doolittle (R-Calif) Superior California Fed Leadership Fund
Rep. Wayne T. Gilchrest (R-MD) Campaign for Maryland Rep. Kendrick Meek (D-Fla) Help Elect America's Team PAC Rep. Rahm Emanuel (D-Ill) Our Common Values PAC Rep. John B. Larson (D-Conn) Synergy PAC
Rep. Candice Miller (R-MI) CANDICE PAC Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-NY) HILLPAC Rep. Mike Ross (D-AR) Our Congress PAC Sen. Jeff Sessions (R-Ala) Tallatchee Creek Inc
Rep. Ralph Regula (R-Ohio) CARE PAC Sen. Ron Wyden (D-Ore) Holding Onto Oregon's Priorities Sen. Barbara Boxer (D-Calif) PAC for a Change Sen. Lamar Alexander (R-Tenn) Tenn PAC
Rep. Joe Wilson (R-SC) Carolina Majority PAC Sen. Barack Obama Hope Fund Rep. Tom Lantos (D-Calif) PAC for Democracy Rep. Joe Barton (R-Texas) Texas Freedom Fund
Rep. John Carter (R-Texas) CARTER PAC Rep. John Lewis (D-Ga) House Majority Fund Rep. Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif) PAC to the Future Sen. Tom Harkin (D-Iowa) To Organize a Majority PAC
Sen. Wayne Allard (R-Colo) Changing Tide Cmte Sen. Gordon H. Smith (R-Ore) Impact America Rep. Paul E. Gillmor (R-Ohio) Patriots for United Leadership Rep. Thomas M. Reynolds (R-NY) Together for Our Majority
Sen. Chris Dodd (D-Conn) CHRIS PAC Sen. Tom Harkin (D-Iowa) Independent Action Rep. Duncan Hunter (R-Calif) Peace Through Strength PAC Rep. Fred Upton (R-Mich) TRUST PAC
Rep. Rosa DeLauro (D-Conn) Cmte for a Democratic Future Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-Fla) IRL PAC Rep. Mark Udall (D-Colo) Peak PAC Joseph Biden (D-DE) Unite Our States
Sen. Edward M. Kennedy (D-Mass) Cmte for a Democratic Majority Sen. Mary L. Landrieu (D-La) Jazz PAC Rep. Pete Sessions (R-Texas) People for Enterprise/Trade/Econ Growth Rep. Nydia M. Velazquez (D-NY) Velazquez Victory Fund
Rep. Earl Blumenauer (D-Ore) Cmte for a Livable Future Rep. Jeb Hensarling (R-Texas) Jobs, Economy & Budget Fund Rep. Maxine Waters (D-Calif) People Helping People Rep. Chris Van Hollen (D-Md) Victory Now PAC
Rep. David R. Obey (D-Wis) Cmte for a Progressive Congress Rep. Joseph Crowley (D-NY) Jobs, Opportunities & Education PAC Rep. Tammy Baldwin (D-WI) People's House PAC Rep. Bill Young (R-Fla) Victory PAC
Rep. Bud Cramer (D-Ala) Cmte for Common Sense in Government Rep. John Shimkus (R-Ill) John S Fund Sen. Pete V. Domenici (R-NM) Pete's PAC Rep. Jim Moran (D-VA) Virginia Leadership PAC
Rep. Nita M. Lowey (D-NY) Cmte for Leadership & Progress Rep. Dennis Hastert (R-Ill) Keep Our Majority PAC Rep. David Hobson (R-Ohio) Pioneer PAC Rep. Tom Price (R-Ga) Voice for Freedom
Rep. Rick Boucher (D-Va) Cmte for Southwest Virginia Sen. John Kerry (D-Mass) Keeping America's Promise Sen. Jim Bunning (R-Ky) Political Hall of Fame PAC Rep. Marsha Blackburn (R-Tenn) Wedge PAC
Rep. Jim McCrery (R-La) Cmte for the Preservation of Capitalism Rep. Pete King (R-NY) KingPAC Sen. Richard J. Durbin (D-Ill) Prairie PAC Sen. Craig Thomas (R-WY) Western Action PAC
Rep. James Walsh (R-NY) COLDPAC Sen. Christopher Bond (R-MO) KITPAC Sen. Pat Roberts (R-Kan) Preserving America's Traditions Sen. Judd Gregg (R-NH) White Mountain PAC
Rep. Tom Cole (R-Okla) COLE PAC Sen. Kay Bailey Hutchison (R-Texas) KPAC Rep. Mike Pence (R-Ind) Principles Exalt A Nation PAC Rep. Robert Wexler (D-Fla) ZackPAC
Rep. Kay Granger (R-Texas) Common Sense Common Solutions Rep. Henry A. Waxman (D-Calif) LA PAC Sen. Mark Pryor (D-AR) Priority PAC Rep. Steve Pearce (R-NM) Zia PAC
Sen. Saxby Chambliss (R-Ga) Common Sense Leadership Fund Rep. John Tanner (D-Tenn) Leadership 21 Sen. Russell D. Feingold (D-Wis) Progressive Patriots Fund
Rep. Dave Camp (R-Mich) Continuing a Majority Party Action Cmte Sen. Elizabeth Dole (R-NC) Leadership Circle PAC Rep. Deborah Pryce (R-Ohio) Promoting Republicans You Can Elect
Sen. Kent Conrad (D-ND) DAKPAC Rep. John Shadegg (R-Ariz) Leadership for America's Future Rep. Phil English (R-Pa) Prosperity Helps Inspire Liberty PAC
Sen. John E. Sununu (R-NH) Daniel Webster PAC Sen. Blanche Lincoln (D-Ark) Leadership in the New Century Rep. Paul Ryan (R-Wis) Prosperity PAC

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