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Elba Island LNG Terminal

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Elba Island LNG Terminal, also known as Southern LNG, is a re-gasification facility on Elba Island, in Chatham County, Georgia, five miles (8 km) downstream from Savannah, Georgia. The initial authorization for the Elba Island facility was issued in 1972. LNG shipments ceased during the first half of 1980. The site was approved for expansion and re-commissioning in 2000, and the expanded facility was operational in 2006.

In 2012, plans to expand and convert to an export facility were announced. The estimated cost of the expansion is $1.5 billion.[1] Construction of the conversion project began in November of 2016.

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Background

On March 16, 2000, the project received Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) authorization to re-commission and renovate the LNG facilities.[2]

On April 10, 2003, FERC issued an order authorizing the expansion of the facility, which included adding a second and third docking berth, a fourth cryogenic storage tank, and associated facilities. The expansion enabled an increase of working gas capacity and an increase of the firm sendout rate.[3]

El Paso Corporation, the owner of the Southern LNG facility, announced the start up of the expanded facility, called Elba II, on February 1, 2006. The expansion cost approximately $157 million and added 3.3 billion cubic feet (93,000,000 m3) equivalent[4]

El Paso Corporation also applied for an additional expansion, on February 1, 2006, called Elba III, to double capacity again by 2010.[4] On September 20, 2007 FERC approved El Paso's expansion for Elba III.[5]

Southern LNG operates Elba. Its parent company is Kinder Morgan, which through another of its holdings, Southern Liquefaction Company, has formed a joint venture with Shell to develop the gas liquefaction plant.[6]

Plans to convert the facility to export at the existing Elba Island LNG Terminal were announced in 2013. Project will add gas liquefaction at Elba.[7] Construction of the conversion project began in November of 2016.[8]

Ten modular liquefaction units would will liquefy the natural gas that arrives by a pipeline. The liquefaction process shrinks the volume of natural gas by a factor of 600.[9]

Latha Anderson, et al. v. FERC

On March 24, 2008 Latha Anderson ("Anderson") filed a suit against FERC, Latha Anderson, et al. v. FERC, asking that FERC deny construction authority for the Northern Segment of Elba Express’ proposed pipeline (part of the Elba III project). Anderson charged that a thorough review for alternative route site selection was not done and that the Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) was manipulated to make the final approved, Northern Segment, route appeared to have the least impact on the environment. Anderson proposed that FERC reconsider a new route. Previously, on July 12, 2007 Anderson had ask FERC to deny the pipeline going through the Northern Segment. FERC denied Anderson’s motion for hearing, but said that it will review the petition.[10]

Project Details

  • Owner: El Paso Corporation
  • Parent: Kinder Morgan
  • Location: Chatham County, Georgia, United States
  • Coordinates: 32.0891627,-80.997805
  • Capacity: When export modification are complete: 2.5 mtpa, 350,000 mcfd
  • Status: Operating, Export modifications under construction
  • Type: Import and export
  • Start Year: projected 2025

Note: mtpa = million tonnes per year; mcfd = million cubic feet per day

Opposition

The Sierra Club requested FERC a more extensive analysis of the environmental effects of the Southern LNG's export expansion in an Environmental Impact Statement. If FERC agrees to that analysis, it could delay the project several years.[11]

Local Sierra Club members have voiced opposition to 10,000 truck deliveries per month for the first six months of Southern LNG's construction. Truck traffic will taper off, but continue for the two years it will take for construction.[12]

The facility will need deliveries of chemical refrigerants to run the process that takes methane from its gaseous form and cools it to make it liquid. Other trucks will remove the chemical by-products of this process.[13]

Articles and resources

References

  1. Mary Landers, "Market forces pause a planned LNG export project," Savannah Now, November 6, 2015.
  2. Elba Island LNG Expansion. - Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC)
  3. "Order Authorizing Expansion". - Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC). - April 10, 2003. - (Adobe Acrobat *.PDF document)
  4. 4.0 4.1 El Paso Corporation Announces Start of Service From Elba II Expansion - El Paso Corporation. - February 01, 2006
  5. "Commission approval of New, Expanded Natural Gas Facilities includes LNG, Storage, Pipeline Projects". - Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC). - September 20, 2007 | In Adobe Acrobat *.PDF document format | Environmental Impact Statements (EISs) - Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS)
  6. Mary Landers, "$1 billion natural gas plans progress," Savannah Now, March 12, 2013.
  7. Mary Landers, "$1 billion natural gas plans progress," Savannah Now, March 12, 2013.
  8. "Elba Liquefaction Project and EEC Modification Project," Kinder Morgan, Accessed 23 July.
  9. Mary Landers, "Kinder Morgan construction plans at Elba include 10,000 trucks per month," Savannah Now, October 16, 2015.
  10. Court Cases: New Petitions. - Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC). | Petition - (Adobe Acrobat *.PDF document) | Denial - (Adobe Acrobat *.PDF document)
  11. Mary Landers, "Kinder Morgan construction plans at Elba include 10,000 trucks per month," Savannah Now, October 16, 2015.
  12. Mary Landers, "Kinder Morgan construction plans at Elba include 10,000 trucks per month," Savannah Now, October 16, 2015.
  13. Mary Landers, "Kinder Morgan construction plans at Elba include 10,000 trucks per month," Savannah Now, October 16, 2015.

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Wikipedia also has articles on this topic: "Southern LNG" and "Elba Island.". This article may use content from these Wikipedia articles under the terms of the GFDL.