The Standard Oil Company was founded in 1870 by John D. Rockefeller -- other associates, including S. V. Harkness and Henry M. Flagler -- and his brother William Rockefeller. It was organized as the Standard Oil Company of Ohio and capitalized at $1 million. Another key person was Henry H. Rogers .
- Bichler, Shimshon and Nitzan, Jonathan. (2007), "The Rockefeller Boys", Science & Society, Vol. 71. No. 2. April. pp. 243-249.