Vinh Tan power station
|This article is part of the CoalSwarm coverage of Vietnam and coal|
Vĩnh Tân power station is a proposed 5,600-megawatt (MW) coal power plant complex in Bình Thuận province, Vietnam. 1,245 MW are operating as of March 2015.
The map below shows the location where the plant is being built, in Vĩnh Tân commune, Tuy Phong district, Bình Thuận province.
The Vĩnh Tân power station complex is made up of four separate plants.
In July 2007, a consortium of Vinacomin and China Southern Power Grid Company received financing from the Asian Development Bank to build the two-unit, 1,200-MW Vĩnh Tân-1. Vinacomin signed a deal with two Indonesian coal mining companies in July 2008.
In December 2012, the consortium — now also joined by the China Power Investment Corporation — finally signed an deal with the Vietnamese government for the plant's construction; the plant is scheduled to come online in 2018. The two Chinese firms are providing 95% of the $1.6-$1.7 billion in capital for the plant's construction. The three companies signed a construction contract in March 2014; the two Chinese companies are apparently going to serve as the construction contractors.
Construction began on Vĩnh Tân-1 in July 2015. Unit 1 is scheduled to be completed in late 2018, and Unit 2 in early 2019.
In October 2009, Electricity of Vietnam (EVN) signed a construction contract with Shanghai Electric Group for the construction of the two-unit, 1,245-MW, $1.3 billion Vĩnh Tân-2. Construction work began in August 2010.
In October 2008, OneEnergy, a partnership of China's CLP Group and Japan's Mitsubishi Corporation, announced that it would be partnering with Electricity of Vietnam to build the three-unit, 1,980-MW, $1.1 billion Vĩnh Tân-3, planning on beginning construction in 2010. In October 2013, the consortium signed a construction agreement with the Harbin Power Equipment Company; construction would begin in 2014, and the plant would go online in 2018. As of April 2015, the project's sponsors had reportedly still not yet reached final agreement with the Ministry of Industry & Trade on several issues. In October 2015 the China Development Bank reached an MoU with CLP Holdings' Vinh Tan 3 Energy Joint Stock Company on investment and financial arrangements for the Build-Operate-Transfer thermal power plant project Vinh Tan 3. Commercial operation of the first unit is planned for 2020.
In December 2013, Electricity of Vietnam (EVN) signed a construction agreement with the Mitsubishi Corporation and Doosan Heavy Industries (a subsidiary of the Doosan Group) to build the two-unit, 1,200-MW, $1.4 billion Vĩnh Tân-4. Construction is slated to begin in early 2014, and the plant would come online in 2017-18.
Construction began in March 2014, with Unit 1 scheduled to go online in 2017 and Unit 2 in 2018. The project is financed by both Korea Export-Import Bank and Japan Bank of International Cooperation. Toshiba Corporation won the contract to provide the plant's turbines and generators in July 2014. Construction was 30% complete as of June 2015.
Environmental Issues and Protests
In mid-April 2015 thousands of local residents blocked the National Highway No 1A in protest against coal dust pollution from the plant. Initial media reports in English gave few details of the cause of the dust pollution. However, in a statement EVN said that it would cease dumping any coal dust for the next 10 days while discussions are held with local residents. A later report stated that on the afternoon of April 14 thousands of residents blocked the highway "to protest the plant after strong winds blew an unusually large amount of coal dust into the neighborhood that day." It was reported that the protest ran for 30 hours and the highway was not cleared until 9 a.m. on April 16.
It was reported that since the commissioning of the second unit in September last year the plant has been generating 1500 tonnes of coal ash (referred to in the article as 'slag') a day, with the transport of the waste by truck from the plant to the landfill resulting in air pollution along the way. Between the dust pollution and air pollution from the plant, residents complained of the health impacts, especially on children. The Vietnam Environment Administration fining the plant operator VND1.5 billion (US$69,510) in December 2014 for environmental violations. However, pollution problems remained. Following the protest, the company has changed the routing of the trucks, wet the loads before transport and said it would investigate using the coal ash wastes in cement.
Asiaone reported that EVN had "covered its 6,000sq.m cinder dumping ground with canvas and watered it, fully covered all its trucks carrying cinder, and began to clean the roads regularly pending construction of dedicated roads for the trucks. It had improved water supply in the dumping area and poured water on the cinder to prevent it from flying and made sure all necessary equipment to limit pollution was in working order." Asiaone reported that Deputy Prime Minister Hoang Trung Hai "stressed that the Government constantly reminded all thermal power producers to limit pollution, and criticised Vinh Tan Thermal Plant No 2 for ignoring all such instructions." Hai was reported as stating that all the coal ash should be used in cement instead of being dumped. "If we can manage to collect cinder for cement production, it will both bring financial benefit and resolve the pollution problem," he said.
On April 14, 2015, thousands of residents blocked a national highway in a protest against pollution from the Vinh Tan 2 power station. On the first night of the protests, a police riot squad tried to remove what had been a peaceful protest. Police fired tear gas canisters into the protestors, and some in the crowd threw rocks and petrol bombs at the police. Dozens of protesters were injured.
- Sponsor: Vinacomin, China Southern Power Grid Company (Vĩnh Tân-1); Electricity of Vietnam (Vĩnh Tân-2); OneEnergy (Vĩnh Tân-3); Electricity of Vietnam (Vĩnh Tân-4)
- Parent company: CLP Group, Mitsubishi Corporation (Vĩnh Tân-3)
- Location: Vĩnh Tân commune, Tuy Phong district, Bình Thuận province, Vietnam
- Coordinates: 11.32082, 108.80630 (exact)
- Status: Construction (Vĩnh Tân-1); Operating (Vĩnh Tân-2); Permitted (Vĩnh Tân-3); Construction (Vĩnh Tân-4)
- Gross Capacity: 5,600 MW (1,200 MW (Vĩnh Tân-1); 1,245 MW (Vĩnh Tân-2); 1,980 MW (Vĩnh Tân-3); 1,200 MW (Vĩnh Tân-4))
- Type: Subcritical (Vĩnh Tân-1); Supercritical (Vĩnh Tân-2); Supercritical (Vĩnh Tân-3); Ultra-supercritical (Vĩnh Tân-4)
- Projected in service: 2014 (Vĩnh Tân-2); 2017 (Vĩnh Tân-4 Unit 1); 2018 (Vĩnh Tân-4 Unit 2, Vĩnh Tân-1 Unit 1); 2019 (Vĩnh Tân-1 Unit 2); 2020 (Vĩnh Tân-3 Unit 1)
- Coal Type: Anthracite
- Coal Source: PT Berau and Maintime (Indonesia) (Vĩnh Tân-1); Imported (Vĩnh Tân-3 Unit 1)
- Source of financing: Asian Development Bank (Vĩnh Tân-1); Export-Import Bank of China, Vietnam Development Bank (Vĩnh Tân-2); China Development Bank and CLP Holdings (Vĩnh Tân-3); Export-Import Bank of Korea, Korea Trade Insurance Corporation, Japan Bank for International Cooperation (Vĩnh Tân-4)
Articles and resources
- "Vinacomin signs up Vinh Tan coal", (Coal) gossip (blog), July 11, 2008.
- BOT Contract Signed for Vinh Tan 1 Thermoelectric Plant, talkvietnam, Dec. 27, 2012.
- Signing BOT Contract for Vinh Tan 1 Thermal Power Plant, Vietnam Ministry of Industry & Trade press release, Dec. 12, 2013.
- Chinese Plug Into Local Power, Indochina Energy, 21 June 2013.
- EPC Contract signing ceremony of Vinh Tan 1 BOT Coal-fired power plant project, Binh Thuan, 28 Mar. 2014.
- Work starts on $1.75bn Chinese-owned thermal power plant in Vietnam, Tuoi Tre News, 19 July 2015.
- Shanghai Electric to Help Build Vietnam Power Plant, China Daily, Oct. 24, 2009.
- Construction of 1,240MW Vinh Tan 2 Thermo-Electric Power Plant Commences in Vietnam, PennEnergy, Aug. 10, 2010.
- Vinh Tan 2 Thermo-Power Plant Up and Running Next Year, Saigon Times, July 24, 2012.
- "Vinh Tan 2 Plant Generates Power to National Grid", Vinacomin press release, January 21, 2014.
- "Second turbine at Vinh Tan power plant generates power", Vietnam+, 9 September 2014.
- Vietnam Electricity Established its First IPP Partnership with OneEnergy, CLP Group press release, Oct. 9, 2008.
- Vietnamese, Chinese Companies Build Coal-Fired Power Plant, Viêt Nam News, Oct. 16, 2013.
- New regulations cloud BOT power plant deals, Vietnam.net, 17 Apr. 2015.
- "Vietnam, China ink myriad of cooperation documents," Vietnam Net, June 11, 2015
- "CLP’s Vietnamese Power Project Signs MoU for Investment and Financing," CLP Holdings, Nov 5, 2015
- Vinh Tan Power Plant Receives Funding Injection, Nhân Dân, Dec. 24, 2013.
- Vinh Tan 4 Thermal Power Plant's Contract Inked, talkvietnam, Dec. 24, 2013.
- Doosan to Construct Coal-fired Power Plant in Vietnam, BusinessKorea, 7 Feb. 2014.
- Beginning the construction of Vinh Tan 4 Thermal power Plant, Vietnam Energy, 13 Mar. 2014.
- Toshiba Wins Major Order in Vietnam for Coal-Fired Power Generation Project, Toshiba press release, 17 July 2014.
- Successful Installation of Boiler Main Girder of Vinh Tan 4 Power Plant, Vietnam Energy, 18 June 2015.
- "Vietnam orders power plant to clean up after angry protest", theSundaily, April 16, 2015.
- "Vietnam orders coal power plant to reduce pollution following 30-hour protest", Thanh Nien News, April 23, 2015.
- "Vietnam's deputy PM cracks whip at high pollution thermal plant", Asiaone, April 23, 2015.
- Bob Burton, "What big coal’s happy-clappers missed about Vietnam’s growing coal headache," RenewEconomy, Apr 27, 2015
- EVN Inks $120 Million Loan Deal for Two Power Plants, Tuoi Tre News, Jan. 8, 2013.