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ALEC Corporations

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Learn more about corporations VOTING to rewrite our laws.

Corporations identified as being involved with the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) since CMD's ALEC Exposed project launched in 2011 -- reliant upon the most recently available documentation or communication -- appear in BOLD below. All connections are footnoted.

Note that for corporations not in bold, either the corporation has stated that it is no longer involved or documentation on involvement with ALEC is less recent.

You can add to these lists if you cite your source.

About ALEC
ALEC is a corporate bill mill. It is not just a lobby or a front group; it is much more powerful than that. Through ALEC, corporations hand state legislators their wishlists to benefit their bottom line. Corporations fund almost all of ALEC's operations. They pay for a seat on ALEC task forces where corporate lobbyists and special interest reps vote with elected officials to approve “model” bills. Learn more at the Center for Media and Democracy's ALECexposed.org, and check out breaking news on our PRWatch.org site.

Corporate Board

For a more complete list of current and former ALEC formerly "Private Enterprise" Advisory Council (formerly "Private Enterprise" Board of Directors) members, see the "Private Enterprise" Board of Directors list. Advisory council corporations have included (members as of June 2014 in bold):[1][2][3]

For-Profit Corporations

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

  • QEP Resources ("natural gas and oil exploration and production company"[242]), "Director" level sponsor of 2011 ALEC Annual Conference[24] ($10,000 in 2010)[25]
  • Quaker Oats Co.[17] (now part of PepsiCo, a former ALEC member)

R

S

T

U

V

W

X

Y

Z

  • Zions Bank, Member of ALEC Utah Host Committee for 2012 annual meeting[49] and “Vice Chairman” level sponsor of the 2012 ALEC Annual Meeting.[298]
  • Zoom Cycle Accessories[17]
  • Zurich Insurance[19]

Trade Groups

See ALEC Trade Groups.

Law and Lobbying Firms

See ALEC Law Firms.

Think Tanks and Other Non-Profit Groups

See ALEC Non-Profits.

Governmental Groups

See ALEC Governmental Groups.

Articles and Resources

External Resources

References

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 American Legislative Exchange Council Private Enterprise Board, organization website, accessed April 13, 2012
  2. American Legislative Exchange Council, "Private Enterprise Advisory Council", organizational website, accessed March 2013
  3. American Legislative Exchange Council, "Private Enterprise Advisory Council," organizational website, accessed June 2014.
  4. Nick Surgey: ALEC Corporate Board Chair Quits Over Climate Change, Renewables and Voting Rights, HuffPost, November 6, 2014
  5. Rebekah Wilce, Breaking News: Coca-Cola Dumps ALEC, PRWatch.org, April 5, 2012
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 Rebekah Wilce, "Shareholders Push Firms to Cut Ties to ALEC; 49 Corporations Now Out", PRWatch, June 25, 2013
  7. 7.00 7.01 7.02 7.03 7.04 7.05 7.06 7.07 7.08 7.09 7.10 7.11 7.12 7.13 7.14 7.15 7.16 7.17 7.18 American Legislative Exchange Council, American Legislative Exchange Council Telecommunications & Information Technology as of July 18th, 2011, organizational task force membership director, July 18, 2011, p. 22, obtained and released by Common Cause April 2012
  8. Rebekah Wilce, BREAKING: Intuit Out of ALEC; Coke, Kraft, Pepsi, too, while Koch Stands Ground, PRWatch.org, April 6, 2012
  9. Salvador Rizzo, Johnson & Johnson becomes first N.J. company to part ways with ALEC, New Jersey Star-Ledger, June 12, 2012
  10. Barbara Liston and Martinne Geller, UPDATE 4-Coke withdraws from group that backs Stand Your Ground law (Adds Kraft Statement), Reuters, April 6, 2012
  11. Martinne Geller and Jennifer Saba, Reed Elsevier, Wendy's drop conservative group, Reuters, April 12, 2012
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 American Legislative Exchange Council Private Sector Executive Committee, organization website, accessed June 14, 2011 this page has been altered by ALEC and is no longer available
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 13.4 13.5 American Legislative Exchange Council, Commerce, Insurance & Economic Development Task Force Meeting Agenda, August 3, 2011, on file with CMD
  14. Jessica Wohl, Wal-Mart ending membership in conservative group, Reuters, May 31, 2012
  15. 15.00 15.01 15.02 15.03 15.04 15.05 15.06 15.07 15.08 15.09 15.10 15.11 15.12 15.13 15.14 15.15 15.16 15.17 15.18 15.19 15.20 15.21 15.22 15.23 15.24 15.25 15.26 15.27 15.28 15.29 15.30 15.31 15.32 15.33 15.34 15.35 15.36 15.37 15.38 15.39 15.40 15.41 15.42 15.43 15.44 15.45 15.46 15.47 15.48 15.49 15.50 15.51 American Legislative Exchange Council, "Solutions for the States," 38th Annual Meeting agenda, on file with CMD, August 3-6, 2011
  16. 16.00 16.01 16.02 16.03 16.04 16.05 16.06 16.07 16.08 16.09 16.10 16.11 16.12 16.13 16.14 16.15 16.16 16.17 16.18 16.19 16.20 16.21 16.22 16.23 16.24 16.25 16.26 16.27 16.28 16.29 American Legislative Exchange Council, HHS Task Force, June 29, 2011, organizational membership spreadsheet, June 29, 2011, p. 32, obtained and released by Common Cause April 2012
  17. 17.000 17.001 17.002 17.003 17.004 17.005 17.006 17.007 17.008 17.009 17.010 17.011 17.012 17.013 17.014 17.015 17.016 17.017 17.018 17.019 17.020 17.021 17.022 17.023 17.024 17.025 17.026 17.027 17.028 17.029 17.030 17.031 17.032 17.033 17.034 17.035 17.036 17.037 17.038 17.039 17.040 17.041 17.042 17.043 17.044 17.045 17.046 17.047 17.048 17.049 17.050 17.051 17.052 17.053 17.054 17.055 17.056 17.057 17.058 17.059 17.060 17.061 17.062 17.063 17.064 17.065 17.066 17.067 17.068 17.069 17.070 17.071 17.072 17.073 17.074 17.075 17.076 17.077 17.078 17.079 17.080 17.081 17.082 17.083 17.084 17.085 17.086 17.087 17.088 17.089 17.090 17.091 17.092 17.093 17.094 17.095 17.096 17.097 17.098 17.099 17.100 17.101 17.102 17.103 17.104 17.105 17.106 17.107 17.108 17.109 17.110 17.111 17.112 17.113 17.114 17.115 17.116 17.117 17.118 17.119 17.120 17.121 17.122 17.123 17.124 17.125 17.126 17.127 17.128 17.129 17.130 17.131 17.132 17.133 17.134 17.135 17.136 17.137 17.138 17.139 17.140 17.141 17.142 17.143 17.144 17.145 17.146 17.147 17.148 17.149 17.150 17.151 17.152 17.153 17.154 17.155 17.156 17.157 17.158 17.159 17.160 17.161 17.162 17.163 17.164 17.165 17.166 17.167 17.168 17.169 17.170 17.171 17.172 17.173 17.174 17.175 17.176 17.177 17.178 17.179 17.180 17.181 17.182 17.183 17.184 17.185 17.186 17.187 17.188 17.189 17.190 17.191 17.192 17.193 17.194 17.195 17.196 17.197 17.198 17.199 17.200 17.201 17.202 17.203 17.204 17.205 17.206 17.207 17.208 17.209 17.210 17.211 17.212 17.213 17.214 17.215 17.216 17.217 17.218 17.219 17.220 17.221 17.222 17.223 17.224 17.225 17.226 17.227 17.228 17.229 17.230 17.231 17.232 17.233 17.234 17.235 17.236 17.237 17.238 17.239 17.240 17.241 17.242 17.243 17.244 17.245 17.246 17.247 17.248 17.249 17.250 17.251 Clearinghouse on Environmental Advocacy and Research, project of the Environmental Working Group, Information on American Legislative Exchange Council, archived organizational profile, archived by Wayback Machine December 2, 2000, accessed August 19, 2011
  18. 3M, Political Activities and Issue Advocacy, corporate governance document, revised May 8, 2013.
  19. 19.00 19.01 19.02 19.03 19.04 19.05 19.06 19.07 19.08 19.09 19.10 19.11 19.12 19.13 19.14 19.15 19.16 19.17 19.18 19.19 19.20 19.21 19.22 19.23 19.24 19.25 19.26 19.27 19.28 19.29 19.30 19.31 19.32 19.33 19.34 19.35 19.36 19.37 19.38 19.39 19.40 19.41 19.42 19.43 19.44 19.45 19.46 19.47 19.48 19.49 19.50 19.51 19.52 19.53 19.54 19.55 19.56 19.57 19.58 19.59 19.60 19.61 19.62 19.63 19.64 19.65 19.66 19.67 19.68 19.69 19.70 19.71 19.72 19.73 19.74 19.75 19.76 19.77 19.78 19.79 Defenders of Wildlife, Natural Resources Defense Council, "Corporations and Trades Associations that Fund ALEC," Corporate America's Trojan Horse in the States: The Untold Story Behind the American Legislative Exchange Council, online report, 2003
  20. 20.00 20.01 20.02 20.03 20.04 20.05 20.06 20.07 20.08 20.09 20.10 20.11 20.12 20.13 20.14 20.15 20.16 20.17 20.18 20.19 20.20 20.21 20.22 20.23 20.24 20.25 20.26 20.27 20.28 20.29 20.30 20.31 20.32 20.33 American Legislative Exchange Council, ALEC 40th Anniversary Annual Meeting Board Meeting packet, organizational documents, August 6, 2013, released by The Guardian December 3, 2013.
  21. American Legislative Exchange Council, How to Reduce Your Prison Population and Save Money. ALEC Workshop. Part 3, videotaped workshop, December 18, 2009
  22. Nick Surgey, Coal and Oil Polluters Dominate ALEC Conference, PRWatch, July 31, 2014.
  23. Lisa Graves, More Corporations Drop Off ALEC’s Conference Brochure, PRWatch, August 15, 2013.
  24. 24.00 24.01 24.02 24.03 24.04 24.05 24.06 24.07 24.08 24.09 24.10 24.11 24.12 24.13 24.14 24.15 24.16 24.17 24.18 24.19 24.20 24.21 24.22 24.23 24.24 24.25 24.26 24.27 24.28 24.29 24.30 24.31 24.32 24.33 24.34 24.35 24.36 24.37 24.38 24.39 24.40 24.41 24.42 24.43 24.44 24.45 24.46 24.47 24.48 24.49 24.50 24.51 24.52 24.53 24.54 24.55 24.56 24.57 24.58 24.59 24.60 24.61 24.62 24.63 American Legislative Exchange Council, 2011 Conference Sponsors, conference brochure on file with CMD, August 4, 2011
  25. 25.00 25.01 25.02 25.03 25.04 25.05 25.06 25.07 25.08 25.09 25.10 25.11 25.12 25.13 25.14 25.15 25.16 25.17 25.18 25.19 25.20 25.21 25.22 25.23 25.24 25.25 25.26 25.27 25.28 25.29 25.30 25.31 25.32 25.33 25.34 25.35 25.36 25.37 25.38 25.39 25.40 25.41 25.42 25.43 25.44 25.45 25.46 25.47 25.48 25.49 25.50 25.51 25.52 25.53 25.54 25.55 25.56 25.57 25.58 25.59 25.60 25.61 25.62 25.63 25.64 American Legislative Exchange Council, Sponsorship Opportunities at ALEC's Annual Meeting, organizational website, 2010, archived on the Wayback Machine, accessed January 24, 2012
  26. 26.0 26.1 26.2 American Legislative Exchange Council, ALEC 25th Annual Meeting Agenda, organizational document, August 18-22, 1998, accessed via the Tobacco Library.
  27. 27.0 27.1 27.2 27.3 27.4 27.5 Greenpeace, Greenpeace Confirms Six Utilities Quietly Dumped ALEC, organizational blog post, May 1, 2014.
  28. American Legislative Exchange Council, International and Federal Relations Task Force meeting and Federal Relations Working Group, meeting agenda and materials, August 4, 2011, on file with CMD
  29. 29.0 29.1 29.2 29.3 29.4 29.5 29.6 29.7 29.8 American Legislative Exchange Council, 2012 SNPS Sponsors, organizational document, 2012 SNPS Agenda on file with CMD.
  30. Lisa Graves, More Corporations Drop Off ALEC’s Conference Brochure, PRWatch, August 15, 2013.
  31. Nick Surgey, Coal and Oil Polluters Dominate ALEC Conference, PRWatch, July 31, 2014.
  32. 32.0 32.1 32.2 32.3 American Legislative Exchange Council, 2014 States and Nation Policy Summit Sponsors, organizational brochure, December 3, 2014.
  33. Rebekah Wilce, Amazon.com 16th Corporation to Dump ALEC, PRWatch.org, May 24, 2012
  34. 34.0 34.1 Jason Hancock, Free-market group draws criticism for potential role in bills, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, August 5, 2011
  35. Ameren fends off activist shareholder proposals, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, April 24, 2014.
  36. Lisa Graves, More Corporations Drop Off ALEC’s Conference Brochure, PRWatch, August 15, 2013.
  37. Lisa Graves, More Corporations Drop Off ALEC’s Conference Brochure, PRWatch, August 15, 2013.
  38. 38.0 38.1 American Legislative Exchange Council, "Energy, Environment, and Agriculture 2011 Annual Meeting Task Force Meeting," speaker biographies and materials, August 4, 2011, on file with CMD
  39. Lisa Graves, More Corporations Drop Off ALEC’s Conference Brochure, PRWatch, August 15, 2013.
  40. Nick Surgey, Coal and Oil Polluters Dominate ALEC Conference, PRWatch, July 31, 2014.
  41. 41.0 41.1 41.2 41.3 41.4 41.5 41.6 41.7 41.8 American Legislative Exchange Council, Winning the Debate in the States, organizational annual report, 1992, p. 31, archived in Tobacco Library, accessed April 2012
  42. Michael Flynn, Director of Legislation and Policy, American Legislative Exchange Council, Letter to ALEC Members, April 15, 1999, archived in Tobacco Library, accessed April 2012
  43. American Traffic Solutions, American Traffic Solutions, company website, accessed September 1, 2011
  44. 44.0 44.1 American Legislative Exchange Council, "Public Safety and Elections Task Force Meeting," agenda and meeting materials, August 4, 2011, on file with CMD
  45. 45.0 45.1 45.2 American Legislative Exchange Council, Health and Human Services Task Force Meeting 2011 States and Nation Policy Summit May 11, 2011 MEETING MINUTES, organizational document, April 6, 2012, p. 23, obtained and released by Common Cause April 2012
  46. Jeremy Duda, American Traffic Solutions leaving ALEC, joining APS, Arizona Capitol Times, April 13, 2012
  47. Common Cause, ALEC Task Force Materials, organization website, accessed August 22, 2014
  48. 48.0 48.1 48.2 48.3 Jay Riestenberg, Common Cause, More Corporations Distance Themselves from ALEC, Democracy Wire blog, November 20, 2014.
  49. 49.00 49.01 49.02 49.03 49.04 49.05 49.06 49.07 49.08 49.09 49.10 49.11 49.12 49.13 49.14 49.15 49.16 49.17 49.18 American Legislative Exchange Council, 39th Annual Meeting Agenda, organizational document, July 25-28, 2012, on file with CMD
  50. ALEC 24th Annual Meeting Agenda (August 12-17, 1997), accessed via the Tobacco Library.
  51. Rebekah Wilce, Amgen Drops ALEC (Number 32) as eBay Comes Under Fire, PRWatch.org, August 8, 2012
  52. 52.00 52.01 52.02 52.03 52.04 52.05 52.06 52.07 52.08 52.09 52.10 52.11 52.12 52.13 52.14 52.15 American Legislative Exchange Council, Tax and Fiscal Policy Committee Roster 2, organizational task force membership directory, March 31, 2011, p. 46, obtained and released by Common Cause April 2012.
  53. Brendan Fischer, ALEC Struggles in Kansas City, PRWatch, May 6, 2014.
  54. American Legislative Exchange Council, Telecommunications & Information Technology Task Force Meeting 2011 Annual Meeting August 5, 2011 Meeting Draft Minutes, organizational document, October 27, 2011, p. 9, obtained and released by Common Cause April 2012
  55. Nick Surgey: AOL, Owner of Huffington Post, Quits ALEC, PRWatch, November 11, 2014
  56. Nick Surgey, Coal and Oil Polluters Dominate ALEC Conference, PRWatch, July 31, 2014.
  57. American Legislative Exchange Council Energy, Environment, and Agriculture Task Force, organization website, accessed April 13, 2011. This page has been altered by ALEC and no longer contains this information.
  58. Jeremy Duda, APS ending ALEC membership; SRP considers doing same, Arizona Capitol Times, April 12, 2012
  59. Luige del Puerto, Months after publicly leaving ALEC in 2012, APS quietly rejoined, Arizona Capitol Times, November 7, 2013.
  60. American Legislative Exchange Council, 1994 Annual Meeting Brochure, organizational brochure, 1994, archived in Tobacco Library, accessed April 2012
  61. ShareAction, Astra Zeneca, organizational website, accessed August 2014.
  62. Nick Surgey, Coal and Oil Polluters Dominate ALEC Conference, PRWatch, July 31, 2014.
  63. American Legislative Exchange Council, "Telecommunications & Information Technology Task Force Meeting," agenda and meeting materials, August 5, 2011, on file with CMD
  64. American Legislative Exchange Council, Telecommunications & Information Technology Task Force Meeting 2011 States and Nation Policy Summit December 1, 2011 Meeting Draft Minutes, organizational document, April 6, 2012, p. 10, obtained and released by Common Cause April 2012
  65. Lisa Graves, More Corporations Drop Off ALEC’s Conference Brochure, PRWatch, August 15, 2013.
  66. Nick Surgey, Coal and Oil Polluters Dominate ALEC Conference, PRWatch, July 31, 2014.
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  68. Rebekah Wilce, Bank of America Cuts Ties to ALEC, PRWatch.org, November 29, 2012.
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  71. Lisa Graves, More Corporations Drop Off ALEC’s Conference Brochure, PRWatch, August 15, 2013.
  72. Nick Surgey, Coal and Oil Polluters Dominate ALEC Conference, PRWatch, July 31, 2014.
  73. Nick Surgey, Coal and Oil Polluters Dominate ALEC Conference, PRWatch, July 31, 2014.
  74. American Legislative Exchange Council, Telecommunications & Information Technology Task Force Meeting 2011 States and Nation Policy Summit December 1, 2011 Meeting Draft Minutes, organizational document, April 6, 2012, p. 10, obtained and released by Common Cause April 2012
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  76. 76.0 76.1 American Legislative Exchange Council, Health and Human Services Task Force Meeting 2010 States and Nation Policy Summit December 2, 2010 Meeting Minutes, organizational document, March 31, 2011, p. 53, obtained and released by Common Cause April 2012
  77. Julian Pecquet, Blue Cross Blue Shield quits conservative legislative organization ALEC, The Hill, April 17, 2012
  78. Julian Pecquet, Blue Cross Blue Shield quits conservative legislative organization ALEC, The Hill, April 17, 2012
  79. Julian Pecquet, Blue Cross Blue Shield quits conservative legislative organization ALEC, The Hill, April 17, 2012
  80. 80.00 80.01 80.02 80.03 80.04 80.05 80.06 80.07 80.08 80.09 80.10 80.11 80.12 80.13 80.14 80.15 80.16 80.17 80.18 80.19 80.20 80.21 80.22 80.23 American Legislative Exchange Council, Keeping the Promise: Making Health Care Accessible and Affordable for All Americans, January 1993, archived in Legacy Tobacco Documents Library, accessed July 2011
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  83. Nick Surgey, Coal and Oil Polluters Dominate ALEC Conference, PRWatch, July 31, 2014.
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  86. Rebekah Wilce, WellPoint and Bristol-Myers Squibb Cut Ties to ALEC, Making 44 Corporations Out, PRWatch.org, March 18, 2013.
  87. Phil Lynch, Director of Corporate Communications and Public Relations, Brown-Forman, RE: Media Inquiry RE: Brown-Forman's ties to ALEC, email to CMD, April 29, 2013.
  88. Lisa Graves, ALECexposed: List of Corporations and Special Interests that Underwrote ALEC’s 40th Anniversary Meeting, PRWatch, August 15, 2013.
  89. Nick Surgey, Coal and Oil Polluters Dominate ALEC Conference, PRWatch, July 31, 2014.
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  91. Cargill, communication with CMD, April 17, 2012
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  94. Nick Surgey, Coal and Oil Polluters Dominate ALEC Conference, PRWatch, July 31, 2014.
  95. Greg Chesmore, Director of State Government Relations, Celgene Corporation, Email to Leah Vukmir, Wisconsin state legislator and ALEC member, September 24, 2009, open records request email posted on Scribd by Cory Liebmann, March 27, 2011
  96. Lisa Graves, ALECexposed: List of Corporations and Special Interests that Underwrote ALEC’s 40th Anniversary Meeting, PRWatch, August 15, 2013.
  97. Lisa Graves, A Lot of White Space: Firms Drop Off ALEC's Meeting Brochure, PRWatch, July 30, 2012.
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  105. Nick Surgey, Coal and Oil Polluters Dominate ALEC Conference, PRWatch, July 31, 2014.
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  107. Paul Bedard, Coke caves in face of Democratic boycott threat, Washington Examiner, April 5, 2012
  108. Steven Titch ALEC Adopts Model VoIP Bill, Info Tech & Telecom News, Heartland Institute publication, September 2007
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  111. American Legislative Exchange Council, Mickey Revenaugh, organizational site, accessed May, 2011 This page has been altered by ALEC and is no longer available.
  112. American Legislative Exchange Council, Education Task Force, organizational site, accessed April, 2012
  113. Rebekah Wilce, EnergySolutions and Connections Education are 27th and 28th Corporations to Leave ALEC, PRWatch.org, July 20, 2012
  114. Nick Surgey, Coal and Oil Polluters Dominate ALEC Conference, PRWatch, July 31, 2014.
  115. Kathleen Teague, Executive Director, American Legislative Exchange Council, Letter to Raymond Oliverio, Tobacco Institute, stating "Some of the major donors we have added this year are : Marathon Oil Company, the Spencer Olin Foundation, Cities Services Company, the Eli Lilly Company, Boise Cascade, Chevron USA, the John Olin Foundation, Ashland Oil, Perry Homes, Consolidated Edison of Illinois, Mountain Bell, the Illinois Manufacturers Association, Western Savings and Loan Association, the Noble Pbundation, the Champion Spark Plug Company, Allstate Insurance and the Williams Companies," December 28, 1979, archived in the Tobacco Library, accessed April 2012
  116. Chris Kirkham, For-profit Corinthian Colleges to sell 85 schools, close 12 others, Los Angeles Times, July 4, 2014.
  117. American Legislative Exchange Council Public Safety and Elections Task Force Private Sector Executive Committee, organization website, accessed June 2, 2011. This website has been altered by ALEC and is no longer available at this address. See the page, archived April 9, 2011, at Archive.org.
  118. Cowart Group, The Firm, firm website, accessed August 10, 2011
  119. Cox Communications Director of Media Relations, Email to Common Cause, September 30, 2014, on file with the Center for Media and Democracy.
  120. Lisa Graves, A Lot of White Space: Firms Drop Off ALEC's Meeting Brochure, PRWatch, July 30, 2012.
  121. Lisa Graves, ALECexposed: List of Corporations and Special Interests that Underwrote ALEC’s 40th Anniverary Meeting, PRWatch, August 15, 2013.
  122. Nick Surgey, Coal and Oil Polluters Dominate ALEC Conference, PRWatch, July 31, 2014.
  123. Lisa Graves, More Corporations Drop Off ALEC’s Conference Brochure, PRWatch, August 15, 2013.
  124. American Legislative Exchange Council, Private Enterprise Board, organizational website, archived in the WayBack Machine on February 10, 2010, accessed September 2012
  125. Rich Jeffers, Director of Media Relations, Darden Restaurants, telephone conversation with the Center for Media and Democracy, April 11, 2013.
  126. Brendan Fischer and Mary Bottari, Efforts to Deliver "Kill Shot" to Paid Sick Leave Tied to ALEC, PRWatch.org, April 3, 2013.
  127. American Legislative Exchange Council, "Education Task Force Meeting," agenda and meeting materials, August 5, 2011, on file with CMD
  128. Brendan Fischer, Dude, You're Getting Dumped: Dell Computers is 20th Corporation to Dump ALEC, PRWatch.org, June 21, 2012
  129. Nick Surgey, Coal and Oil Polluters Dominate ALEC Conference, PRWatch, July 31, 2014.
  130. Monica Embry, Greenpeace, DUKE: DUMP ALEC!, organizational blog entry, September 6, 2012
  131. Rebekah Wilce, Amgen Drops ALEC (Number 32) as eBay Comes under Fire, PRWatch.org, August 8, 2012
  132. Lisa Graves, ALECexposed: List of Corporations and Special Interests that Underwrote ALEC’s 40th Anniverary Meeting, PRWatch, August 15, 2013.
  133. Nick Surgey, Coal and Oil Polluters Dominate ALEC Conference, PRWatch, July 31, 2014.
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