Afghanistan

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Afghanistan is a Central Asian country bordering on Iran to the west and Pakistan to the south and east. The capital city is Kabul. [1]

Background

[1]

  • In 1989, the nine-year occupation by the Soviet Union ended.
  • In 1992, Muslim rebels overthrew the communist government.
  • In 2001, the Taliban gained global notoriety when it destroyed the famous Bamian Valley Buddhas.
  • In 2001 after the 9/11 attacks in New York and Washington, D.C, the U.S. and U.K. invaded Afghanistan.

Afghanistan "has been hit by some of the heaviest fighting since the US-led invasion in 2001 to oust" the Taliban, the BBC reported May 18, 2006. "So far this year there have been at least 20 suicide attacks compared with 17 for the whole of 2005 and five in 2004."

Afghanistan, "after more than two decades of constant warfare," CNN reported September 10, 2002, was "a nation in ruins." Towns and cities had become "reduced to rubble" and its social and political structure had become "torn apart by years of bitter conflict. ... It was this failed state, [said] Western leaders, that allowed Afghanistan to become a home to terrorists -- in turn paving the way for the events of September 11, 2001."

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Tobacco industry information

  • Afghanistan was included on an undated Tobacco Institute list of middle eastern countries that do not require health warning labels on tobacco products.[2]
  • According to a Tobacco Institute newsletter, the advertising of tobacco has been banned in Afghanistan on the radio, the printed press, billboards, in the cinema and other media, since 1979. [3]
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Articles and resources

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References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Afghanistan, National Geographic, accessed November 2007.
  2. Tobacco Institute Middle East Countries that Do Not Require Warning Labels on Cigarette Packages List. Undated. Bates No. TIFL0527545
  3. Tobacco Institute Infolog Information Services 70/79 Newsletter. August 3, 1979. 4 pp. Bates No. TIMN0239491/9494

External resources

External articles