CMD superman logo.jpg SourceWatch, a project of the Center for Media and Democracy,

depends on donations from people like you!

Click here to make a tax-deductable contribution.

Barack Obama's contributions to campaign endorsers

From SourceWatch
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is part of the
SourceWatch and Congresspedia coverage
of Sen. Barack Obama (D-Ill.) and
the 2008 presidential election
Main article:
Sub-articles:
Democratic ticket "top tier"

Barack Obama "has been the most aggressive of presidential candidates in using his leadership PAC—money [usually] used for national party-building, including helping other members of Congress, or local candidates in the home state—to help the campaigns of state and local candidates and not coincidentally, the funds spent that way have gone to Democrats in the early voting states of Iowa, New Hampshire[1] and South Carolina. More than one-third of his leadership PAC money is being used this way," Alex Knott reported November 16, 2007.[2]

Key presidential primary-state donations

When Obama "launched his presidential campaign in January [2007], he stopped raising money[3][4] for his Hopefund,[5] the political action committee he used to raise millions for fellow Democrats in previous campaigns. But in recent months, Obama has handed out more than $180,000 from the nearly dormant PAC to local Democratic groups and candidates in the key early-voting states of Iowa, New Hampshire and South Carolina, campaign reports[6] show," John Solomon reported November 26, 2007, in the Washington Post.[7]

"Some of the recipients of Hopefund's largess are state and local politicians who have recently endorsed Obama's presidential bid," Solomon reported.[7] "Obama's PAC reported giving a $1,000 contribution, for instance, to New Hampshire state Sen. Jacalyn Cilley on July 25,[8][9] six days before she announced she was endorsing Obama for president.

"Likewise, state Rep. J. Todd Rutherford, a lawmaker from South Carolina, received a $1,000 contribution from Obama's PAC on Sept. 24, a few months after he endorsed Obama," Solomon wrote.[7][9]

"The bulk of donations from Obama's PAC to state and local candidates this year went to Iowa, New Hampshire and South Carolina. In addition, there were more than $60,000 in donations to national candidates in those same states,[9] including $9,000[10][11] for Rep. Paul W. Hodes, the first member of Congress from New Hampshire to endorse Obama earlier this year.

Note: Hodes, who is Obama's N.H. co-chair, received Hopefund Inc. funds on June 15, 2007, endorsed Obama on July 26, 2007, and received additional funds on September 27, 2007. In July 2007, the Boston Globe quoted Obama as saying "he was proud to have Hodes' endorsement, but conceded he would not have near the number of endorsements that other candidates, like Hillary Clinton will have.... 'We haven't been in Washington all that long and we haven't traded that many favors'."[12][13]

"In addition to donating to individuals, Hopefund donated to several key Democratic groups in the battleground states, including $30,000 each to the Iowa House Truman Fund and the Iowa Senate Majority Fund and $15,000 to New Hampshire's Friends of a Democratic Senate," Solomon reported.[7][14][9]

Hopefund Inc. also made two $5,000 contributions to the New Hampshire Democratic Party: on July 26, 2007,[9] and September 27, 2007.[15]

"Obama and Sen. Joseph R. Biden Jr. are the only ones among the Democratic candidates to make active use of this. Among Republican Presidential candidates, only former New York City Mayor Rudy Giuliani appears to be using leadership PAC money this way, albeit to a much lesser extent," Knott wrote.[2]

"Even though federal campaign finance law requires that leadership PAC donations be spent only on 'party-building,' and not for the benefit of the donor’s own political prospects, it appears that Obama faces little risk of accusations that he is skirting the law.

"'As a practical matter, it is fair to characterize the donations as strategic and with the intent of building support within key presidential election states,' said Paul S. Ryan, an attorney at the non-profit and non-partisan Campaign Legal Center. But, Ryan added, 'This is sort of a classic example, where even though the activities do not pass the smell test, they are nevertheless legal under our campaign finance statutes'," Knott wrote.[2]

Not new "news"

All this is not actually new "news", as David Jackson and John McCormick reported April 13, 2007, in the Chicago Tribune:[16]

"But his U.S. Senate campaign raised at least $1.2 million of its $15 million total from special-interest PACs, according to fundraising tracker PoliticalMoneyLine.com. And in January 2005, 20 days after he was sworn into the U.S. Senate, Obama launched his own PAC, Hopefund, which raised $4.4 million over two years, making it one of the largest PACs members of Congress have established to fund other candidates.
"Obama has distributed Hopefund's dollars to Democratic organizations across the country, the Tribune's analysis shows, including in the early presidential battleground states of Iowa and New Hampshire as well as Ohio, Pennsylvania and Florida."

HopefundAmerica.com

HopefundAmerica.com screen grab

The HopefundAmerica.com website now consists of a single opening screen which, when clicked, redirects to BarackObama.com. According to a WHOIS search, the website was created January 25, 2005. The interactive website was last updated February 4, 2007, but by February 17, 2007, following Obama's announcement that he was in the running for the 2008 presidential nomination, the website was converted to the lone home page. There is no mention of Hopefund Inc. at BarackObama.com.

Hopefund funding and oversight

In 2005 and 2006, Hopefund Inc. was funded by a number of industry political action committees[17] as well as more than 1,800 individual contributions.[18] FEC records show that Hopefund Inc. is overseen by Harvey Wineberg of the Chicago accounting firm Wineberg, Solheim & Howell, who has contributed to Obama's campaigns since 2004.[19]

On October 9, 2007, it was reported that Anita Dunn, a longtime aide to Tom Daschle, "has been tasked with straightening out Obama's Hopefund PAC through the end of this year."[20] Dunn, who served as Sen. Evan Bayh's "chief consultant" before he ended his campaign for the 2008 Democratic nomination in December 2006, had been affiliated with Hopefund previously.[21]

Hopefund recipients in early 2008 caucus and primary states

A number of the people who have endorsed Obama are members of the Congressional Black Caucus (CBC)[22][23] or are prominent in the Black community.[24] Hopefund Inc. contributed $5,000 to the CBC PAC on June 15, 2007.[25]


State Recipient
** = endorsement
Contribution/Date
Alabama Rep. Artur Davis **[22] $4,000 - 9/27/07[11]
Arizona Rep. Gabrielle Giffords $4,000 - 6/15/07;[26] $4,000 - 9/27/07[27]
Arkansas Rep. Mark Pryor (endorsed Hillary Clinton) $5,000 - 12/28/06[28]
California Rep. Joe Baca $4,000 - 9/27/07[29]
Rep. Dennis Cardoza $4,000 - 9/27/07.[30]
Rep. Jim Costa $4,000 - 9/27/07[31]
Rep. Barbara Lee ** $4,000 - 9/27/07[31]
Rep. Hilda Solis (endorsed Hillary Clinton) $4,000 - 9/27/07[32]
Colorado Rep. John Salazar $4,000 - 9/27/07[33]
Rep. Mark Udall $5,000 (primary) and $5,000 (general) - 9/27/07[33]
Connecticut Rep. Joe Courtney (endorsed Chris Dodd) $2,500 (general) - 10/20/06[34] and $1,500 (general) - 11/1/06[35]
Florida Rep. Ron Klein $4,000 - 9/27/07[36]
Georgia Rep. John Barrow ** $2,500 - 11/2/06[37]
Rep. Sanford Bishop **[22][38] $4,000 - 9/27/07[39]
Rep. Hank Johnson **[22][38] $4,000 - 9/27/07[39]
Rep. David Scott ** $4,000 - 9/27/07[40]
Illinois Rep. Melissa Bean **[41] $5,000 - 6/15/07;[42] $4,000 - 9/27/07[43]
Rep. Danny Davis **[22] $4,000 - 9/27/07[44]
Sen. Dick Durbin **[45] $5,000 - 12/28/06[46]
Rep. Luis Gutierrez ** $4,000 - 9/27/07[47]
Rep. Phil Hare ** $5,000 - 6/7/06[48]
Rep. Jesse Jackson Jr. **[22][49] $4,000 - 9/27/07[29]
Rep. Bobby Rush **[22] $4,000 - 9/27/07[15]
Iowa Rep. Leonard Boswell (endorsed Hillary Clinton)[50] $5,000 - 6/15/07;[51] $4,000 - 9/27/07[32]
Rep. Bruce L. Braley **[52] $5,000 - 6/29/06;[48] $5,000 - 6/15/07;[26] and $4,000 - 9/27/07[53]
Sen. Tom Harkin $5,000 - 12/28/06;[54] $5,000 - 6/26/07[55]
Rep. David Loebsack **[56] $5,000[51] and $4,000 - 9/27/07[27]
Rep. Selden Spencer $2,500 - 6/30/07[10]
Louisiana Rep. Mary Landrieu $5,000 - 12/28/06;[28] $5,000 - 9/12/07[57]
Maine Thomas H. Allen (U.S. Senate candidate) $5,000 (primary) and $5,000 (general) - 9/27/07[58]
Maryland Rep. Elijah Cummings **[22] $4,000 - 9/27/07[59]
Massachusetts Rep. Niki Tsongas[60][61] $5,000 - 9/27/07[57]
Michigan Rep. John Conyers **[62] $4,000 - 9/27/07[47]
Sen. Carl Levin $5,000 - 12/28/06;[54] $5,000 - 9/25/07[63]
Minnesota Rep. Keith Ellison **[22] $4,000 - 9/27/07[39]
Rep. Timothy Walz ** $4,000 - 9/27/07[30]
Rep. Patty Wetterling $1,000 - 6/29/06;[64] $2,500 - 11/2/06[65]
Missouri Rep. William Clay **[22][66] $4,000 - 9/27/07[67]
Rep. Claire McCaskill **[68][69] $5,000 - 9/8/05[70] and $5,000 - 9/9/05[71]
Nevada Robert Daskas (challenger)[29] $5,000 - 9/27/07[29]
New Hampshire Rep. Paul Hodes ** (Obama national co-chair and NH chair) $2,500 - 10/20/06 and $2,500 - 11/1/06;[72] $5,000 - 6/15/07;[73] $4,000 - 9/27/07[74]
Rep. Carol Shea-Porter **[75] $2,500 - 10/20/06;[76] $5,000 - 6/15/07;[26] and $4,000 - 9/27/07[77]
Former Gov. Jeanne Shaheen (running for U.S. Senate)[78] $5,000 - 10/2/07[63]
New Jersey Sen. Frank Lautenberg[59] $4,000 - 9/27/07[59]
New York Rep. Michael Arcuri (endorsed Hillary Clinton) $2,500 - 10/20/06 (general)[79] and $2,500 (primary) - 11/1/06[80]
Rep. John Hall (endorsed Hillary Clinton) $1,000 - 11/2/06[65]
Rep. Kirsten Gillibrand (endorsed Hillary Clinton) $2,500 - 10/20/06 and $2,500 - 11/1/06;[81] refunded $2,500 - 4/19/07[82]
Oklahoma Sen. Andrew Rice $5,000 - 9/28/07[57]
South Carolina Bakari Sellers, S.C. Rep. **[83][84] $1,000 - 9/24/07[9]
John West (former U.S. Senate candidate)[85] $1,000 - 9/24/07[9]
Virginia Rep. Robert Scott **[77] $4,000 - 9/27/07[77]
Sen. Mark R. Warner[77] $5,000 (primary)/$5,000 (general) - 9/28/07[77]
Wisconsin Rep. Steven L. Kagen ** $2,500 - 9/27/07[31]
Rep. Gwen Moore ** $4,000 - 9/27/07[44]

Notes

In New Hampshire, Hopefund Inc. "also contributed $1,000 each to Sens. Iris Estabrook, Kathleen Sgambati and Lou D'Allesandro, all of whom later endorsed Hillary Rodham Clinton. The PAC gave $6,000 to Gov. John Lynch's campaign war chest; Lynch has not endorsed in the presidential contest."[8][9] On November 26, 2007, Lynch's wife, Susan Lynch, announced her endorsement of Hillary Clinton.[86]

Also, "[t]en county Democratic committees in New Hampshire received $1,000 each from Obama's PAC and the state Democratic Party received $5,000. The Iowa Senate Majority fund and the Iowa House Truman Fund, political groups that assist local legislative candidates, received $30,000 each from the PAC." NH's Friends of a Democratic Senate and Committee to Elect House Democrats each received $15,000.[8][9]

Hopefund: other recipients 2006-2007

State Recipient
** = endorsement
Contribution/Date
Indiana Rep. Julia Carson $4,000 - 9/27/07[33]
Rep. Joe Donnelly $2,500 (general) - 10/20/06 and $2,500 (general) - 11/2/06;[87] $2,500 - 9/27/07[33]
Rep. Brad Ellsworth $2,500 - 9/27/07[33]
Rep. Baron Hill ** $2,500 - 9/27/07[88]
Kentucky Rep. John Yarmuth ** $2,500 - 9/27/07[89]
Mississippi Rep. Bennie Thompson ** $4,000 - 9/27/07[33]
Montana Rep. Max Baucus $4,000 - 9/27/07[33]
Nebraska Sen. Ben Nelson ** $2,100 - 2/28/05; $2,100 - 3/29/05; $2,900 - 9/8/05; $2,900 - 12/9/05[90]
North Dakota Rep. Kent Conrad ** $2,100 - 2/28/05; $2,100 - 3/29/05; $2,100 - 9/8/05; $2,900 - 12/9/05[90]
Ohio Rep. Mary Jo Kilroy $5,000 - 9/27/07[33]
Rep. Zack Space $2,500 - 10/16/07[33]
Pennsylvania Rep. Jason Altmire $2,500 - 11/1/06;[91] $5,000 - 6/15/07;[92] $2,500 - 9/27/07[93]
Rep. Christopher Carney $5,000 - 6/15/07;[51] $2,500 - 9/27/07[43]
Rep. Chaka Fattah ** $4,000 - 9/27/07[94]
Rep. Patrick Murphy **[95] $1,500 - 6/29/06;[96] $2,500 - 10/20/06;[91] $1,000 - 11/2/06;[97] $5,000 - 6/15/07;[98] and $2,500 - 9/27/07[40] $1,000 returned 4/19/07[98]
Rep. Joe Sestak (endorsed Hillary Clinton) $2,500 - 6/29/06;[99] $3,500 - 11/1/06[100]
Rhode Island Rep. John Reed $5,000 - 12/28/06[101]
Rep. Sheldon Whitehouse (endorsed Hillary Clinton) $5,000 (primary) and $5,000 (general) - 4/26/06[102]
South Dakota Rep. Tim Johnson ** $5,000 - 12/28/06;[103] $5,000 - 9/25/07[33]
Texas Rep. Chet Edwards ** $2,500 - 9/27/07[58]
Rep. Al Green **[24] $4,000 - 9/27/07[53]
Rep. Nick Lampson $2,500 - 9/27/07[33]
Rep. Ciro Rodriguez $5,000 - 6/15/07[104]
Washington, D.C. Rep. Eleanor Holmes Norton ** $4,000 - 9/27/07[33]
West Virginia Rep. Jay Rockefeller $5,000 - 12/28/06[101]

Notes

Additionally, in October 2006, Patrick Murphy received six "in-kind travel" contributions of $1,221 each ($7,326 total) from Midlantic Jet Aviation on behalf of Hopefund Inc.[105]

BRIDGE PAC

Another interesting item is the June 15, 2007, $5,000 Hopefund contribution[104] to the liberal/Democratic political action committee BRIDGE PAC (Building Relationships in Diverse Geographic Environments PAC) (FEC Committee ID: C00399196).[106] The PAC's treasurer is Rep. Jim Clyburn (D-S.C.).

As of October 24, 2007, BRIDGE PAC had received more than $400,000 for the 2008 campaign cycle, with nearly $300,000 redistributed to other political action committees.[107]

In this way, the $5,000 limit for primary elections and $5,000 for general elections can be by-passed by an individual political action committee. A number of those to whom Hopefund contributed directly were also recipients of BRIDGE PAC funds, thereby funneling more funds to them indirectly. Although it is obvious that Hopefund's $5,000 contribution did not support this level of funding, it does indicate a system by which collectively PACS and individuals can contribute more than the allowed amounts to candidates.

In the 2007-2008 election cycle, the list of those receiving BRIDGE PAC funds and those listed as Hopefund recipients are very close:

  • Jason Altmire
  • Michael Arcuri
  • Melissa Bean
  • Leonard Boswell
  • Christopher Carney
  • Joe Courtney
  • Joseph Donnelly
  • Chet Edwards
  • Brad Ellsworth
  • Gabrielle Giffords
  • Kirsten Gillibrand
  • John Hall
  • Philip Hare
  • Baron Hill
  • Paul Hodes
  • Steven Kagen
  • Mary Jo Kilroy
  • Ron Klein
  • Nicholas Lampson
  • David Loebsack
  • Patrick Murphy
  • Ciro Rodriquez
  • Joe Sestak
  • Zachary Space
  • Niki Tsongas
  • Timothy Walz
  • John Yarmuth

Hopefund funded "Camp Obama"

As of June 30, 2005, after six months in operation, Hopefund Inc. "receipts totaled $851,674 with Obama traveling the nation to headline events and collect checks," Lynn Sweet reported October 27, 2005, in the Chicago Sun-Times.[108]

In January 2006, "Obama's Hopefund will bankroll a 'school' to train first-time campaign workers and place them in campaigns across the country," Sweet wrote, with the "recruiting focus of Obama's 'Yes We Can' program [to] be young African Americans and Latinos" and the "aim of the week-long campaign school ... to 'create this whole class of young, talented staffers who can work their way up in the Democratic Party.'"[108]

"Obama's Hopefund is 'not the beginning of some run for higher office. That is not what this is'," Obama spokesman Robert Gibbs told Sweet.[108]

However, the Washington Post's Chris Cillizza wrote November 2, 2005, that Obama was "polishing his credentials for a potential national run down the line."[109]

Hopefund was to "partner with EMILY's List, which has significant experience in staff training, to get the campaign school off the ground," Cillizza wrote. Interestingly, EMILY's List has endorsed Hillary Clinton's candidacy and not Obama's.

Hopefund disbursements

During a period when Hopefund Inc. was believed to have been dormant—January through May 2007—FEC filings reveal that it paid AKP&D Message & Media of Chicago, Illinois, and Squier Knapp Dunn Communications of Washington, D.C. in excess of $10,000 each for political consulting services and A.B. Data of Milwaukee, Wisconsin,[110] almost $7,000 for direct mailing services.[104]

During the period June through October 2007, Hopefund Inc. paid more than $18,000 to Consolidated Printing Company Inc. of Chicago, Illinois, for printing.[33]

Obama 2010 Inc. support

Obama 2010 Inc. PAC contributed $1,500 to the Ohio Democratic Party on July 13, 2006, and $2,500 to the New Hampshire Democratic State Committee on December 6, 2006. The only other contributions from this account—two $2,000 contributions—were made in 2005 to Illinois Democratic U.S. House candidate Lane A. Evans' Friends of Lane Evans Committee.[111]

Resources

Related SourceWatch articles

References

  1. Cosmo Lawson, "Obama's PAC Gave Money To New Hampshire Politicos," NHInsider.com, November 27, 2007.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Alex Knott, "Obama’s PAC Targets Early Primary States for Local Giving," CQ Politics, November 16, 2007.
  3. Contributions Received By This Candidate's Committee(s), Hopefund Inc. (Committee ID C00409052), Federal Election Commission, accessed November 26, 2007. Note that last contribution was in November 2006 from the CME/PAC Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc. PAC for $2,500.
  4. Individuals Who Gave To This Committee, Hopefund Inc. (Committee ID C00409052), Federal Election Commission, accessed November 26, 2007.
  5. Hopefund Inc. (Committee ID C00409052), Federal Election Commission, accessed November 26, 2007.
  6. Committees And Candidates Supported/Opposed by HOPEFUND INC. (Committee ID C00409052), Federal Election Commission, accessed November 26, 2007.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 John Solomon, "Obama PAC Is Active In Key Election States. N.H., S.C. Lawmakers Receive Funds," Washington Post, November 26, 2007.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Jim Kuhnhenn, "Obama PAC Helps Local Candidates," Associated Press (Fox News), November 15, 2007.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.7 9.8 Schedule B (All) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, July 26, 2007.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, June 15, 2007.
  11. 11.0 11.1 Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, September 27, 2007.
  12. "Obama: I won't get as many endorsements because I haven't traded favors," Boston Globe, July 26, 2007.
  13. Philip Elliott, "Rep. Hodes endorses Obama, part of an expected short list," Associated Press (Boston Globe), July 26, 2007.
  14. Note that as of November 26, 2007, the FEC report for Hopefund Inc. does not show this disbursement.
  15. 15.0 15.1 Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, September 27, 2007.
  16. David Jackson and John McCormick, "Building Obama's money machine," Chicago Tribune, April 13, 2007.
  17. Contributions Received By This Candidate's Committee(s): Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission.
  18. Individuals Who Gave to This Committee: Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission.
  19. Federal campaign contributions by Harvey Wineberg, Newsmeat, accessed November 26, 2007.
  20. The Third Avenue blog, October 9, 2007.
  21. Daniel S., "Long Day...," The Kentucky Democrat, December 18, 2006.
  22. 22.0 22.1 22.2 22.3 22.4 22.5 22.6 22.7 22.8 22.9 Alexander Bolton, "Obama snubs Black Caucus," The Hill, April 30, 2007.
  23. Jonathan E. Kaplan, "CBC’s event for Clinton prompts grumbles," The Hill, September 20, 2007.
  24. 24.0 24.1 "List of notable Blacks who endorse Sen. Obama," My.BarackObama.com, November 3, 2007.
  25. Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, June 15, 2007.
  26. 26.0 26.1 26.2 Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, June 15, 2007.
  27. 27.0 27.1 Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, September 27, 2007.
  28. 28.0 28.1 Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, December 28, 2006.
  29. 29.0 29.1 29.2 29.3 Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, September 27, 2007.
  30. 30.0 30.1 Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, September 27, 2007.
  31. 31.0 31.1 31.2 Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, September 27, 2007.
  32. 32.0 32.1 Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, September 27, 2007.
  33. 33.00 33.01 33.02 33.03 33.04 33.05 33.06 33.07 33.08 33.09 33.10 33.11 33.12 Schedule B for ALL Line #s, Hopefund Inc., June-October 2007.
  34. Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, October 20, 2006.
  35. Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, November 1, 2006.
  36. Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, September 27, 2007.
  37. Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, November 2, 2006.
  38. 38.0 38.1 "Obama names Congressmen Johnson and Bishop as Georgia Co-Chairs," Skeptical Brother Blog, September 10, 2007.
  39. 39.0 39.1 39.2 Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, September 27, 2007.
  40. 40.0 40.1 Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, September 27, 2007.
  41. "Melissa Bean Phone Bank for Barack Obama (Barrington)," Illinois Democratic Network, June 4, 2007.
  42. Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, June 15, 2007.
  43. 43.0 43.1 Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, September 27, 2007.
  44. 44.0 44.1 Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, September 27, 2007.
  45. "Sen. Durbin Backs Barack Obama for President," NewsMax, May 30, 2006.
  46. Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, December 28, 2006.
  47. 47.0 47.1 Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, September 27, 2007.
  48. 48.0 48.1 Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, June 29, 2006.
  49. Lynn Sweet, "Campaign splits Jacksons," Chicago Sun-Times, November 30, 2007. Both Jesse Jackson, Jr., who is on Obama's leadership team, and Jesse Jacskon, Sr. support Obama. Jacqueline Jackson, the wife of Jesse Jackson, Sr., supports Clinton. "Another son who lives in Chicago, Yusef, is a major Clinton fund-raiser who has bundled together at least $100,000 in contributions. ... Now his mother is also siding with Clinton and may go on the road to stump for her. If she goes to South Carolina -- where Jackson Sr. was born and where he won the 1988 presidential primary -- she will find herself having to dilute the impact of radio ads her son Jesse Jr. has made for Obama."
  50. News Release: "Clinton Campaign: Congressman Boswell endorses Hillary Clinton," HillaryClinton.com (IowaPolitics.com), December 14, 2007.
  51. 51.0 51.1 51.2 Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, June 15, 2007.
  52. "Edwards Wins a Key Iowa Backe," The Caucus Blog/New York Times, December 2, 2007.
  53. 53.0 53.1 Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, September 27, 2007.
  54. 54.0 54.1 Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, December 28, 2006.
  55. Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, June 26, 2007.
  56. "Iowa Rep. Loebsack will announce endorsement of Obama," Associated Press (CBS KGAN.com), December 17, 2007.
  57. 57.0 57.1 57.2 Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, September 28, 2007.
  58. 58.0 58.1 Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, September 27, 2007.
  59. 59.0 59.1 59.2 Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, September 27, 2007.
  60. She is the widow of the late Sen. Paul Tsongas (D-Mass.) who won the October 2007 election to fill the seat left vacant by Marty Meehan (D-Mass.) in October 2007, will run for re-election in 2008. Tsongas' daughter, Katina Tsongas, is a member of Obama's N.H. staff. SeeKatina Tsongas, Obama NH Staff, My.BarackObama.com. During her mother's campaign, "New Hampshire campaign volunteers from Barack Obama's presidential campaign [held signs for Niki Tsongas] throughout the district."
  61. "Turnout appears low in 5th," Boston Globe, September 4, 2007. On September 30, 2007, former President Bill Clinton stumped for Niki Tsongas "to keep her husband's old Congressional seat from Republican control." See J.M. Lawrence, "Clinton woos supporters for Tsongas," Boston Globe, October 1, 2007.
  62. Conyers has waited two decades and, with an Obama presidency, is "well positioned to move legislation that could lead the federal government to apologize for slavery and pay reparations," The Hill reported in March 2007. See Bob Cusack, "Patient Conyers hopes to move slavery bill during an Obama administration," The Hill, March 12, 2007.
  63. 63.0 63.1 Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, October 2, 2007.
  64. Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, June 29, 2006.
  65. 65.0 65.1 Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, November 2, 2006.
  66. Ed Morrisey, "Obama, The Neocon (Updated)," Captain's Quarters Blog, April 29, 2007.
  67. Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, September 27, 2007.
  68. Deidre Shesgreen, "McCaskill to endorse Obama," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, January 12, 2008: "...abandoned her neutrality after an intense lobbying effort by Obama’s campaign."
  69. Antonio D. French, "McCaskill to Endorse Obama, Might Have Something to Do with '06 Comment," PubDef.net, January 13, 2007.
  70. Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, September 8, 2005.
  71. Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, September 9, 2005.
  72. Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, October 20, 2006, and November 1, 2006.
  73. Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, June 15, 2007.
  74. Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, September 27, 2007.
  75. John DiStaso, "Shea-Porter to back Obama," Union Leader (Manchester, N.H.), December 10, 2007.
  76. Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, October 20, 2006.
  77. 77.0 77.1 77.2 77.3 77.4 Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, September 27, 2007.
  78. "Former NH Gov Jeanne Shaheen to challenge US Senator John Sununu," A Rake's Progress Blog, September 14, 2007. Her husband, Bill Shaheen, endorsed Hillary Clinton in March 2007. See Anne E. Kornblut, "Bill Shaheen: Brokering Middle East Peace?" The Fix Blog/Washington Post, March 26, 2007. Bill Shaheen serves as co-chairman of Hillary Clinton's New Hampshire and national campaigns. See Patrick Healy, "Clinton Is Said to Have Gained a Major Endorsement in Iowa," New York Times, March 24, 2007.
  79. Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, October 20, 2006.
  80. Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, November 1, 2006.
  81. Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, October 20/November 1, 2006.
  82. Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, April 19, 2007.
  83. Barack Obama-Organization, South Carolina, George Washington University, updated November 14, 2007.
  84. It was revealed on November 6, 2007, that Sellers was one of two prominent Obama supporters who "pressured the state Democratic council to keep Stephen Colbert off the primary ballot" in South Carolina. See "Colbert officially withdraws Presidential bid; Obama supporters pressured South Carolina," Wikinews, November 6, 2007.
  85. West was assisted by Obama volunteers when he ran (but lost) as a Democratic candidate for the U.S. Senate. See Biography: John West, JohnWestForSenate. in a special November 6, 2007 election. and "Clyburn Hopes Candidates Help Cousin: Influential S.C. Democrat Says Hopefuls' Volunteers Could Aid Family Member's Campaign," South Carolina Democratic Party, October 10, 2007.
  86. "N.H. first lady endorses Clinton," Associated Press (SeacoastOnline), November 26, 2007.
  87. Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, October 20/November 2, 2006.
  88. Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, September 27, 2007.
  89. Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, September 27, 2007.
  90. 90.0 90.1 Schedule B Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund, Inc., Federal Election Commission, 2005-2007.
  91. 91.0 91.1 Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, October 20, 2006.
  92. Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, June 15, 2007.
  93. Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, September 27, 2007.
  94. Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, September 27, 2007.
  95. T.M. Lindsey, "Obama Endorsement Steals Clinton’s Thunder at VFW Convention," IowaVetsBlog, August 22, 2007. Note that no mention is made in the article to the fact that Obama had contributed significant amounts from Hopefund Inc. to Murphy's campaign.
  96. Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, June 29, 2006.
  97. Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, November 2, 2006.
  98. 98.0 98.1 Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, June 15, 2007.
  99. Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, June 29, 2006.
  100. Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, November 1, 2006.
  101. 101.0 101.1 Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, December 28, 2006.
  102. Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, April 26, 2006.
  103. Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, December 28, 2006.
  104. 104.0 104.1 104.2 Schedule B for ALL Line #s, Hopefund Inc., January-May 2007.
  105. Schedule B (FEC Form 3X) Itemized Disbursements for Hopefund Inc., Federal Election Commission, October 11, 2006. Also here and here.
  106. Political Action Committee: BRIDGE PAC (2008 cycle), OpenSecrets.org, accessed November 30, 2007. Click on link for other cycles.
  107. BRIDGE PAC, CampaignMoney.com, updated October 24, 2007.
  108. 108.0 108.1 108.2 Lynn Sweet, "Opening soon: Obama's school," Chicago Sun-Times (FindArticles), October 27, 2005.
  109. Chris Cillizza, "Obama Builds a Farm Team," The Fix Blog/Washington Post, November 2, 2005.
  110. List Services Division (Hopefund, Senator Barack Obama's Hopefund), AB Data.
  111. Committees And Candidates Supported/Opposed by Obama 2010 Inc., Federal Election Commission, November 26, 2007.

External articles

External resources