Black, Manafort, Stone and Kelly
Black, Manafort, Stone and Kelly (Black, Manafort) was a Washington D.C. lobbying and political consulting firm started in 1982. In 1996, it it merged with Gold & Liebengood to form BKSH & Associates. In 2010, BKSH & Associates and Timmons and Company merged to form Prime Policy Group, a subsidiary of Burson-Marsteller Global Public Relations.
An internal 1993 budget review document for the Philip Morris group of companies pencilled Black, Manafort, Stone and Kelly in with a preliminary budget line item of $117,500.
The document described the reason for the consultancy as being "Charlie Black, former Republican National Committee Chairman and Bush operative, is principally working to buttress our access to Republican Senators".
Harper's Magazine reported that clients in the 1980s included Mobuto Sese Seko of Zaire, "one of the most kleptocratic rulers of all time, Ferdinand Marcos of the Philippines, also known for stealing a few billion dollars, and the murderous Angolan rebels known as UNITA."
As to Black, Manfort's work for UNITA, Spy magazine 'cited a former government official who believed that the firm's "hawkish congressional lobbying for more military aid" delayed the process that had led to a cease-fire. "Black, Manafort played an important part in keeping the Angola war going," the official told the magazine, which concluded: "So the war lasted another two years and claimed a few thousand lives! So what? What counts to a Washington lobbyist is the ability to deliver a tangible victory and spruce up his client's image."'
- Charles R. Black, Jr., Principal. Worked for the presidential campaign of Senator John McCain
- Paul J. Manafort, Principal. In 1981, appointed by President Reagan to the Board of Directors of the Overseas Private Investment Corporation
- Roger J. Stone, Principal. Dirty-tricks operative who specializes in opposition research for the Republican National Committee
- Peter G. Kelly, Principal
- Lee Atwater, Partner, advisor of U.S. Presidents Richard Nixon, Ronald Reagan, and George H.W. Bush
Resources and articles
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- ↑ Black Manafort Stone and Kelly, Sciencestage.com, accessed December 2010.
- ↑ Website, Prime Policy Group, accessed December 2010.
- ↑ Alessandra Stanley and Evan Thomas, "The Slickest Shop in Town", Time, March 3, 1986.
- ↑ "McCain: Fire Charlie Black, MoveOn.org', accessed December 2010.
- ↑ Ken Silverstein, McCain's "Courtly Southerner", Harper's Magazine, April 15, 2008.
- ↑ "A Political Power Broker", The New York Times, June 21, 1989.
- Steve Burkholder, "On the town with Jonas Savimbi - huge U.S. lobbying expenditures by Angola", Common Cause Magazine, Spring 1993.
- Michael D. Shear and Jeffrey H. Birnbaum, "McCain Adviser's Work As Lobbyist Criticized", The Washington Post, May 22, 2008.
- Philip Morris, "Corporate Affairs: corporate cost review, Bates No 2046996735, July 1993 (estimated), page 4.