Indiana and fracking
|This article is part of the FrackSwarm coverage of fracking.|
Between 2005 and 2010, as many as 23 percent of the new oil and gas wells drilled in Indiana used hydraulic fracturing.
Hydraulic fracturing was first introduced in the Illinois Basin in the early to mid-1950's to increase production from oil wells in Illinois, Indiana, and western Kentucky. According to the state's Division of Oil and Gas, the practice has been widely used here ever since.
The Devonian-Mississippian New Albany Shale contains gas in the southeast Illinois Basin, encompassing Illinois, Indiana, and Kentucky. The New Albany has been a site of gas production for more than 100 years, but activity increased in the early 2000s with hydraulic fracturing. Wells are 250 to 2000 feet deep. The gas is described as having a mixed biogenic and thermogenic origin.
In June 2013 the Terre Haute City Council voted to ban “fracking” within the city limits until further notice. The council said the vote would ensure that “fracking” is not used in any operations within the city until updates can be made to city law on oil and gas drilling.
Legislative issues and regulations
New rules that temporarily add noncode provisions to govern hydraulic fracturing became effective on July 1, 2012, requiring companies to report the materials and the volume of chemicals used in the fracturing fluid. Companies, however, may withhold information they deem confidential without justification or oversight. The rules require partial pre-fracturing disclosure or notice of all the chemicals that may be used.
- ↑ Amanda Solliday, "Indiana DNR Mandates Companies To Report Fracking Chemicals," Indiana Public Media, September 14, 2012.
- ↑ "Facts About Hydraulic Fracturing in Indiana," Indiana DNR, accessed Apr 2013.
- ↑ Arthur Foulkes, "Council bans 'fracking' in city," The Tribune Star, June 14, 2013.
- ↑ "New NRDC analysis: State fracking disclosure laws fall painfully short," NRDC, July 26, 2012.
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