Pacific Research Institute
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The Pacific Research Institute (PRI) or officially the "Pacific Research Institute for Public Policy," is a think tank founded in 1979 whose stated vision is the promotion of "the principles of individual freedom and personal responsibility. The Institute believes these principles are best encouraged through policies that emphasize a free economy, private initiative, and limited government." The institute is a 501(c)3 non-profit corporation, and had $4.9M in revenue in 2005.  The Pacific Research Institute has associated with other think-tanks like the American Enterprise Institute and the Cato Institute.
- Former President - William H. Mellor
Ties to the American Legislative Exchange Council
PRI's Director of Health Care Studies, John R. Graham, spoke at a Workshop at the 2011 American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) Annual Meeting. The Workshop was titled, "Rationing By Any Other Name: Medicare's Independent Payment Advisory Board." According to his biography on the PRI webpage, he is also a "Senior Fellow of the National Center for Policy Analysis, Adjunct Scholar of the Mackinac Center for Public Policy, and member of the Board of Visitors of the Benjamin Rush Society of medical students and physicians." ALEC, Pacific Research Institute, the National Center for Policy Analysis, and the Macinac Center are all members of the State Policy Network, which was one of the sponsors of 2011 ALEC Annual meeting.
The Pacific Research Institute also has ties to several ALEC "task forces," including the Tax and Fiscal Policy Task Force, the Health and Human Services Task Force, the Education Task Force, and the Civil Justice Task Force.
John Clemens, former research director, is listed as private sector member of the Tax and Fiscal Policy Task Force representing PRI at the 2010 Spring Task Force Summit and John Graham was listed as a speaker/advisor at that same meeting. Graham gave a report titled, “What ObamaCare Means for State Budgets.”
John Graham has also represented PRI on the Health and Human Services Task Force. He gave a presentation on his book Medical Tort: Ranking in the 50 States to the task force at the 2010 Annual Meeting.
Vicki Murray, former Education Studies Senior Policy Fellow, is a member of the Education Task Force. At the ALEC 2010 States and Nation Policy Summit she presented “10 Questions State Legislators Should Ask About Higher Education.” 
Lawrence McQuillan, Director of Business and Economic Studies, has participated in the Civil Justice Task Force. He was part of a presentation on ranking state tort systems, the “2010 Tort Liability Index,” during the 2010 Annual Meeting.
Please see SPN Ties to ALEC for more.
ALEC is a corporate bill mill. It is not just a lobby or a front group; it is much more powerful than that. Through ALEC, corporations hand state legislators their wishlists to benefit their bottom line. Corporations fund almost all of ALEC's operations. They pay for a seat on ALEC task forces where corporate lobbyists and special interest reps vote with elected officials to approve “model” bills. Learn more at the Center for Media and Democracy's ALECexposed.org, and check out breaking news on our PRWatch.org site.
Ties to the Franklin Center for Government and Public Integrity
The Pacific Research Institute has hosted writers from the ALEC-connected Franklin Center for Government and Public Integrity, which screens potential reporters on their “free market” views as part of the job application process. The Franklin Center funds reporters in over 40 states. Despite their non-partisan description, many of the websites funded by the Franklin Center have received criticism for their conservative bias. On its website, the Franklin Center claims it "provides 10 percent of all daily reporting from state capitals nationwide."
Franklin Center Funding
Franklin Center Director of Communications Michael Moroney told the Center for Public Integrity (CPI) in 2013 that the source of the Franklin Center's funding "is 100 percent anonymous." But 95 percent of its 2011 funding came from DonorsTrust, a spin-off of the Philanthropy Roundtable that functions as a large "donor-advised fund," cloaking the identity of donors to right-wing causes across the country (CPI did a review of Franklin's Internal Revenue Service records). Mother Jones called DonorsTrust "the dark-money ATM of the conservative movement" in a February 2013 article. Franklin received DonorTrust's second-largest donation in 2011.
The Franklin Center was launched by the Chicago-based Sam Adams Alliance (SAM), a 501(c)(3) devoted to pushing free-market ideals. SAM gets funding from the State Policy Network, which is partially funded by The Claude R. Lambe Foundation. Charles Koch, one of the billionaire brothers who co-own Koch Industries, sits on the board of this foundation. SAM also receives funding from the Rodney Fund.
PRI and the tobacco industry
In February 1987 Philip Morris executive Roy E. Marden sent a memo to other PM staff following a discussion with the then PRI President Chip Mellor "concerning their project on advertising and the market process." Marden noted the project was partially funded by Philip Morris."
In 1998 Philip Morris was canvassing possible organizations that might be an ally in its Youth Smoking Prevention programs. A memo from Roy Marden described the Pacific Research Institute as "I am vice chairman of this SF policy group. They have recently begun an effort on child development/reduction of welfare dependency/etc., & I could explore with them if/where YSP could be involved. We are long-time donors."
PRI and Healthcare
PRI head Sally Pipes, a Canadian residing in the United States, frequently speaks and writes against universal health care. Her bio lists as healthcare topics she had addressed "the false promise of a single-payer system as exists in Canada, pharmaceutical pricing, solving the problem of the uninsured, and strategies for consumer-driven health care." She also authored a 2004 book titled Miracle Cure: How to Solve America’s Health Care Crisis and Why Canada Isn’t the Answer. 
On the FOX News show "The O'Reilly Factor" on January 10, 2007, Pipes spoke against California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger's proposal to provide all state residents with healthcare. She warned that, "[I]f we provide health insurance, just like we provide welfare and education for illegal aliens, think about people that are illegal in other states. We're going to get a huge influx of illegal immigrants into California. And that's going to make it even more expensive [than the current system]." 
On December 26, 2011 Pipes posted the article "Doctors Say Obamacare is No Remedy for US Health Woes," to Forbes. In the article Pipes claims that nearly two-thirds of doctors expect the quality of care in this country to decline. Pipes cites the a recent survey done by the consulting giant Deloitte as evidence to her claims, but does not include the survey in her article.  Forbes contributor Rick Ungar responded to Pipes with the article "Koch Brothers Financed 'Research' Institute Steps Up Misleading Obamacare Attacks," in which Unger finds that Pipes incorrectly analyzed the survey results. 
PRI and Water Policy
PRI is based out of California, and has been involved in the water policy debate in that state. A publication released by PRI in December of 2008 suggested that the "problem for California is not lack of [water] supply but uneven distribution." PRI criticized California's current plan for facilitating distribution, which was based on state funded water projects. Instead, PRI suggested that distribution would be more properly managed through water markets, with consumers paying for water as any other consumable good. 
Areas of Work
The PRI think tank lists the following as their goals:
- Education – to provide all students with access to a quality education
- Business and Economics – to strike down barriers to economic growth and innovation
- Health Care – to provide better quality and access to health-care while lowering costs
- Technology – to identify and limit harmful government regulation in the technology sector
- Environment – to sustain the trend toward a cleaner environment
They said these were their accomplishments in 2006:
- Reached an audience of more than 475 million through print and online outlets throughout the year
- On average, more than 100 articles citing PRI’s research published each month, 1,254 in total
- Articles placed in all of the top 10 daily newspapers in the nation and in all papers nationwide, including USA Today, Wall Street Journal, New York Times, Los Angeles Times, and the Washington Post.
- Website page visits totaled over half a million, with 1.3 million pages viewed
- Reached more than 40 million through radio and television nationwide
As of 2007 :
- Sonia Arrison, Senior Fellow, Technology Studies
- K. Lloyd Billingsley, Editorial Director
- Cindy Chin, Events Manager
- Jason Clemens, Director of Research, Strategic Planning, and Budgeting
- Karen Chreston, Vice President of Finance and Administration
- Adam Frey, Policy Fellow, General Studies
- John R. Graham, Director, Health Care Studies
- Steven F. Hayward, Senior Fellow, Environmental Studies
- Rowena Itchon, Vice President for Marketing
- Lance Izumi, J.D., Director, Education Studies; Senior Fellow in California Studies
- Amy Kaleita, Policy Fellow, Environmental Studies
- Nomi Deutch, Associate Director for Marketing
- Lawrence J. McQuillan, Ph.D., Director, Business and Economic Studies
- Vicki E. Murray, Ph.D., Senior Policy Fellow, Education Studies
- Sally C. Pipes, President and CEO
- Daniel R. Ballon, Ph.D., Senior Fellow, Technology Studies
Board of Directors
As of 2013:
- Clark S. Judge, Chairman, Managing Director, White House Writers Group
- Sally C. Pipes, President & CEO, Pacific Research Institute
- Thomas C. Magowan, Secretary/Treasurer, Club Minibar, Inc.
- Katherine H. Alden, Owner Woodside Hotels & Resorts
- Robert J. Ernst, III, Attorney at Law
- James T. Farrell, Managing Director, Calera Capital, LLC
- Peter C. Farrell, Ph.D., AM, President and CEO, ResMed
- Daniel M. Kolkey, Partner, Gibson Dunn
- Hon. Daniel Oliver, Chairman Emeritus, Senior Advisor, White House Writers Group
- Sandra Gale McGuire, Partner, McGuire & Associates, LLC
- George M. Savage, M.D., Chief Medical Officer, Proteus Biomedical, Inc.
- Ted Ullyot, Vice President and General Counsel, Facebook
- Richard A. Wallace, Consultant, Freedom Communications
- Christopher Wright, President & CEO, Liberty Resources, LLC
Former Board Members
- F. Christian Wignall, former Vice Chairman, Capstan, LLC
- Katherine E. Boyd, Interior Designer
- James B. Hawkins, President & CEO, Natus Medical, Inc.
- Christine Hughes
- Nersi Nazari, Pacific General Ventures, The Hasbun Nazari Charitable Trust
- Daniel Oliver, Chairman Emeritus
- Jean R. Wente, Wente Vineyards
Emeritus Board Members
- Frank Baxter
- Lisa Guillermin Gable
- David H. Keyston
- Total Revenue: $4,706,288
- Total Expenses: $4,904,662
- Net Assets: $3,450,596
- Total Revenue: $3,923,123
- Total Expenses: $5,257,310
- Net Assets: $3,601,719
- Total Revenue: $4,707,728
- Total Expenses: $4,962,507
- Net Assets: $4,834,041
According to Media Transparency, PRI obtained 117 grants totalling $8,904,800 (unadjusted for inflation) from foundations between 1985 and 2005.
In 2003 PRI states that 50% of its income came from foundations, 13% from corporations and the remainder from individuals. It lists foundation and corporate supporters who contributed over $10,000 in the 2003 financial year as:
- Cypress Semiconductor
- Exxon Mobil Corporation
- Freedom Communications
- SBC (now AT&T)
- White House Writers Group
- Anschutz Foundation
- Bernard Lee Schwartz Foundation
- Capecchio Foundation
- Center for American Unity
- Charles G. Koch Foundation
- Chase Foundation of Virginia
- D & DF Foundation
- D & D Foundation
- David and Annette Jorgensen Foundation
- Dean Witter Foundation
- Earhart Foundation
- Farrell Family Foundation
- Girard foundation
- Hugh & Hazel Darling Foundation
- Lilly Endowment
- Lynder and Harry Bradley Foundation
- Milbank Foundation for Rehabilitation
- Philip M. McKenna Foundation
- Ruth & Lovett Peters Foundation
- Sarah Scaife Foundation
- Templeton Foundation
- The Gleason Foundation
- The Hickory Foundation
- The Little River Foundation
- The San Francisco Foundation
- Walton family Foundation
- Weiler Foundation
- William E. Simon Foundation
- William H. Donner Foundation
The conservative Capital Research Center (CRC) Spotlight project provides some additional, though a little dated, information on PRI's major funders. CRC lists the Lilly Endowment as having contributed $175,000 annually between 1999 and 2002 (inclusive). 
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San Francisco, CA 94111
Articles and Resources
Related SourceWatch Articles
- State Policy Network:
- American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC)
- Donors Capital Fund
- Koch Family Foundations
- Koch Industries
- Franklin Center for Government and Public Integrity
- Heritage Foundation
- Think tanks
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- Adam Meyerson
- Bridgett Wagner
Related PRWatch Articles
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- Rebekah Wilce, A Reporters’ Guide to the "State Policy Network": the Right-Wing Think Tanks Spinning Disinformation and Pushing the ALEC Agenda in the States, PRWatch.org, April 4, 2013.
- Sara Jerving, ALEC and Heartland Aim to Crush Renewable Energy Standards in the States, PRWatch.org, November 27, 2012.
- Connor Gibson, Meet the Network Hiding the Koch Money: "Donors Trust" and "Donors Capital Fund", PRWatch.org, October 29, 2012.
- Brendan Fischer, Koch-Funded Mackinac Center Brings Wisconsin Act 10 Provisions to ALEC, PRWatch.org, May 2, 2012.
- Sara Jerving, Franklin Center: Right-Wing Funds State News Source, PRWatch.org, October 31, 2011.
- Center for Media and Democracy, EXPOSED: The State Policy Network, The Powerful Right-Wing Network Helping to Hijack State Politics and Government, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
- Arizona Working Families and CMD, A Reporter’s Guide to the Goldwater Institute: What Citizens, Policymakers, and Reporters Should Know, organizational report, updated November 13, 2013.
- Progress Florida and CMD, Lawmaking Under the Influence of Very Special Interests: Understand the role of Florida ‘think tanks’ in driving a Koch-fueled, ALEC-allied corporate agenda, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
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- ProgressOhio, Smoke Screen: The Buckeye Institute, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
- Keystone Progress, Think tanks or corporate lobbyist propaganda mills?, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
- Progress Texas, TPPF + ALEC, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
- One Wisconsin Now, S is for Shill: Inside the Bradley Foundation's Attack on Public Education, organizational report, November 13, 2013.
- Paul Abowd, Center for Public Integrity, Donors use charity to push free-market policies in states, Consider the Source, February 14, 2013.
- John R. Mashey, Fake science, fakexperts, funny finances, free of tax 2, DeSmog Blog report, updated October 23, 2012, p. 74.
- Andy Kroll, The Right-Wing Network Behind the War on Unions, Mother Jones, April 25, 2011.
- Guidestar, State Policy Network, IRS filings and other organizational information about SPN.
- Center for Policy Alternatives, ALEC and the Extreme Right-Wing Agenda, organizational brochure about ALEC and SPN.
- John J. Miller, Fifty Flowers Bloom: Conservative think tanks — mini–Heritage Foundations — at the state level, National Review, November 19, 2007.
- Bridge Project, State Policy Network, online resource listing grants to SPN and SPN's connections to other groups.
- People for the American Way, State Policy Network, RightWingWatch.org, organizational resource.
- Greenpeace, Koch Industries Climate Denial Front Group: State Policy Network (SPN), organizational resource.
- Roy Marden, "YSP Ally possibilities", Bates No 2069615360, October 22, 1998.
- Roy E. Marden, "Pacific Research Institute Advertising Project", Bates Number: 2023646840, February 26, 1987.
- Pacific Research Institute Competitive Enterprise Institute, "CA Think Tank Releases White Paper Criticizing Lockyer for Suing the EPA", Press Release, December 8, 2003.
- "Attorney General's vs. the EPA, December 2003.
- Pacific Research Institute, Pacific Research Institute 2003 Financial Profile], 2004.
- Media Transparency, Pacific Research Institute for Public policy, undated, accessed October 2004.
- Capital Research Center, "Pacific Research Institute for Public Policy, undated (approx 2002), accessed October 2004.
- Sally C. Pipes interview, "California Seeks Free Healthcare for Immigrants," The O'Reilly Factor, Fox News, January 10, 2007.
- Evelyn Pringle, "Protection Racket? The FDA and Avandia," CounterPunch, August 15, 2007.
- ↑ Form 990 tax filing
- ↑ John R. Graham Pacific Research Institute. PacificResearch.org. Accessed Aug. 11, 2011.
- ↑ [American Legislative Exchange Council, 2011 Conference Sponsors and Workshops, conference brochure on file with CMD, August 11, 2011]
- ↑ Directory, State Policy Network. SPN.org. Accessed Aug. 11, 2011.
- ↑ American Legislative Exchange Council, Tax and Fiscal Policy Task Force meeting agenda and materials, July 1, 2010, on file with CMD
- ↑ American Legislative Exchange Council, Health and Human Services Task Force meeting agenda and materials, October 27, 2010, on file with CMD
- ↑ American Legislative Exchange Council, Education Task Force meeting agenda and materials, March 31, 2011, on file with CMD
- ↑ American Legislative Exchange Council, Civil Justice Task Force meeting agenda and materials, July 1, 2010, on file with CMD
- ↑ Franklin Center, Franklin Affiliates in Your State, organizational website, accessed October 2012.
- ↑ The Franklin Center for Government and Public Integrity, Think tank Journalism: The Future of Investigative Journalism, organizational website, accessed August 19, 2011.
- ↑ Rebekah Metzler, "Watchdog" website puts a new spin on politics, The Portland Press Herald, October 2, 2010.
- ↑ Allison Kilkenny, The Koch Spider Web, Truthout, accessed August 19, 2011.
- ↑ Sara Jerving, Franklin Center: Right-Wing Funds State News Source, PRWatch.org, October 27, 2011.
- ↑ 14.0 14.1 Paul Abowd, Center for Public Integrity, Donors use charity to push free-market policies in states, organizational report, February 14, 2013.
- ↑ Andy Kroll, Exposed: The Dark-Money ATM of the Conservative Movement, Mother Jones, February 5, 2013.
- ↑ Daniel Bice, Franklin Center boss wants apology from Democratic staffer, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, August 8, 2011.
- ↑ The Bradley Foundation. The Bradley Foundation. Organizational website. Accessed August 19, 2011.
- ↑ Sam Adams Alliance. Sam Adams Alliance Media Kit. Organizational PDF. Accessed August 19, 2011.
- ↑ Media Matters Action Network. Sam Adams Alliance. Conservative Transparency. Accessed August 19, 2011.
- ↑ Media Matters Action Network. State Policy Network. Conservative Transparency. Accessed August 19, 2011.
- ↑ Media Matters Action Network. Claude R. Lambe Charitable Foundation. Conservative Transparency. Accessed August 19, 2011.
- ↑ R.E. Marden, Philip Morris Pacific Research Institute/Advertising Project Memorandum. 1 pp. February 26, 1987. Philip Morris Bates No.2023646840
- ↑ Roy Marden YSP ally possibilities Email to Tina Walls. October 22, 1998. Bates No. 2069615360
- ↑ Sally Pipes Doctors Say Obamacare is No Remedy for US Health Woes, Forbes, December 26, 2011
- ↑ Rick Ungar Koch Brothers Financed Research Institute Steps Up Obamacare Attacks, Forbes, December 27, 2011
- ↑ "Why Water Markets Should be Part of the Vision for the Delta and all of California" Pacific Research Institute Publication, December 2008.
- ↑ About page, Pacific Research Institute, accessed July 2007.
- ↑ Staff", Pacific Research Institute, accessed July 2007.
- ↑ Pacific Research Institute, "Board of Directors", organizational website, accessed January 2013.
- ↑ Pacific Research Institute, 2011 Form 990, organization's IRS filing, October 18, 2012.
- ↑ Pacific Research Institute, IRS form 990, 2010. GuideStar.
- ↑ Pacific Research Institute, IRS form 990, 2009. GuideStar.
- ↑ Grants to Pacific Research Institute, Media Transparency, accessed July 2007.
- ↑ Pacific Research Institute, 2003 Financials.
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