ALEC Corporations

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Learn more about corporations VOTING to rewrite our laws.

Corporations identified as being involved with the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) since CMD's ALEC Exposed project launched in 2011 -- reliant upon the most recently available documentation or communication -- appear in BOLD below. All connections are footnoted.

Note that for corporations not in bold, either the corporation has stated that it is no longer involved or documentation on involvement with ALEC is less recent.

You can add to these lists if you cite your source.

About ALEC
ALEC is a corporate bill mill. It is not just a lobby or a front group; it is much more powerful than that. Through ALEC, corporations hand state legislators their wishlists to benefit their bottom line. Corporations fund almost all of ALEC's operations. They pay for a seat on ALEC task forces where corporate lobbyists and special interest reps vote with elected officials to approve “model” bills. Learn more at the Center for Media and Democracy's ALECexposed.org, and check out breaking news on our PRWatch.org site.

Corporate Board

For a more complete list of current and former ALEC formerly "Private Enterprise" Advisory Council (formerly "Private Enterprise" Board of Directors) members, see the "Private Enterprise" Board of Directors list. Advisory council corporations have included (members as of June 2014 in bold):[1][2][3]

For-Profit Corporations

A

B

C

D

E

F

  • Facebook, member of Communication and Technology Task Force in 2013.[166] A Facebook rep told the San Francisco Chronicle on September 23, 2014 it would not renew its membership in 2015: “We re-evaluate our memberships on an annual basis and are in that process now. While we have tried to work within ALEC to bring that organization closer to our view on some key issues, it seems unlikely that we will make sufficient progress so we are not likely to renew our membership in 2015.” [167]
  • Faegre Baker Daniels, "Trustee's" level funder of ALEC's 2016 Annual Conference.[5]
  • Fair Point Communications: "Director" level sponsor of ALEC's 2012 meeting in Salt Lake City. [59]
  • Farmers Group, Inc.,[20] Member of ALEC's Civil Justice Task Force[81]
  • Farmers Insurance, "Director Level" Sponsor of the 2017 ALEC Annual Meeting.[7]
  • FedEx, Commerce, Insurance and Economic Development Task Force Executive Committee member,[15][78] "Vice Chairman" level sponsor of 2011 ALEC Annual Conference,[30] ($25,000 in 2010)[31] and "Trustee"-level sponsor of the 2015 ALEC Annual Conference ($5,000).[41]
  • Fidelity Investments[22] ("Vice Chairman" level sponsor of ALEC's 1998 Annual Meeting and ALEC member in 1998[80])
  • Fieldstead & Co.[20]
  • First Chicago NBD[22]
  • Fleet Bank (now part of Bank of America, which is an ALEC member)[20]
  • Florida Gas Transmission Co.[20]
  • Florida Power Corp.[20]
  • Ford Motor Co.[20][168] (member of Private Enterprise Board in 1999)[169] In February 2016, Ford confirmed to CMD that it was cutting ties to ALEC. "As part of our annual budget review, we have adjusted our participation in several groups. We will not be participating in ALEC in 2016," wrote Christin Baker, a Ford spokesperson in an email to CMD.[170] See Corporations that Have Cut Ties to ALEC for more.
  • Fort Howard Corp.[20] (now part of Koch Industries' Georgia-Pacific -- both are ALEC members)
  • Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold, "Vice Chairman" level sponsor of 2011 ALEC Annual Conference[30] ($25,000 in 2010),[31][20] terminated ALEC membership on January 14, 2013, according to ALEC documents.[23] See Corporations that Have Cut Ties to ALEC for more.
  • Fremont Company[22]
  • Fremont Pacific Compensation Insurance Group (now Pacific Compensation Insurance Company)[20]
  • Frito-Lay Inc.[20]
  • Frontier, "Director" level sponsor of ALEC's 2012 meeting in Salt Lake City[59] ($5,000 in 2010)[31]
  • Fruit of the Loom (a subsidiary of Berkshire Hathaway)[22]

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

  • Olin Corporation[20]
  • Oncor (subsidiary of Energy Future Holdings), "Vice Chairman" level sponsor of the 2014 ALEC Annual Conference[240] and "Director" level sponsor of the 2015 ALEC Annual Conference ($10,000).[41]
  • OptumInsight (previously Ingenix, which was a wholly owned subsidiary of UnitedHealth Group and was sued for fraud by New York Attorney General Andrew Cuomo in 2008 and "agreed to put $350 million into a class-action restitution fund to pay physicians and policyholders for services provided by out-of-network providers."[241] The Optum health service businesses have a new name but are still subsidiaries of UnitedHealth Group.[242]): Representatives Tom McGraw, Vice President of Government Program Integrity, and Wayne Neff, Senior Vice President of OptumHealthPublic Sector, spoke at a "Medicaid Crisis in the States: Private Sector Solutions You Can Use" workshop at the 2011 ALEC Annual Meeting[243]
  • Orchid Cellmark, Member of ALEC's Public Safety and Elections Task Force (the task force that approved ALEC's "Voter ID" and "Castle Doctrine" "model" bills) before it was disbanded in April 2012[207]
  • Outback Steak House,[20] ALEC member in 1998[80]
  • Outdoor Systems[20]
  • Overstock.com joined ALEC in 2012 to push state sales tax legislation and terminated its membership after one year, according to a spokesperson[244] Please see Corporations that Have Cut Ties to ALEC for more.
  • OXY USA Inc. (Occidental Petroleum Corporation),[20] Member of ALEC Energy, Environment and Agriculture Task Force,[118] had "no plans to continue Occidental's membership in, or make further payments to, ALEC" as of September 29, 2014, according to the National Journal.[245] Please see Corporations that Have Cut Ties to ALEC for more.
  • OxyChem (Occidental Petroleum Corporation)[20]

P

Q

  • QEP Resources ("natural gas and oil exploration and production company"[264]), "Director" level sponsor of 2011 ALEC Annual Conference[30] ($10,000 in 2010)[31]
  • Quaker Oats Co.[20] (now part of PepsiCo, a former ALEC member)

R

S

T

U

  • Uline, “Director” level sponsor of the 2013 ALEC Annual Conference ($15,000)[303]
  • Underwriters Surety Inc. (sister company of American Surety Company, which was a "Trustee's" level funder of ALEC's 2016 Annual Conference, which in 2010 equated to $5,000.[5])[20]
  • Unilever[20] (owner of Axe deodorant, Dove soap, Pond's cold cream, and many other common consumer brands), State corporate co-chair of Maryland.[18] Unilever President Kees Kruythoff stated in a letter to shareholders in 2013, "Unilever is not a member of ALEC following a review undertaken at the end of 2011. We took the decision that ALEC's agenda did not align with our business objectives and values focused on social, economic, and environmental sustainability, and withdrew as a member."[9] Please see Corporations that Have Cut Ties to ALEC for more.
  • Union Pacific Corporation[22], a "Trustee" level sponsor of 2011 ALEC Annual Conference[30] ($5,000 in 2010),[31] and “Trustee” level sponsor and “Leadership Dinner” sponsor of the 2013 ALEC Annual Conference ($5,000).[304] Confirmed to Common Cause in November 2014 that the company is "not a member of ALEC and pays no annual dues to the organization".[58] See Corporations that Have Cut Ties to ALEC for more.
  • United Airlines[22]
  • UnitedHealth Group, "Chairman" level sponsor of and exhibitor at 2011 ALEC Annual Conference[30] ($50,000 in 2010)[31] and member of Louisiana Host Committee;[18] Representatives Tom McGraw, Vice President of Government Program Integrity at subsidiary OptumInsight, Wayne Neff, Senior Vice President of subsidiary OptumHealthPublic Sector, and Russell C. Petrella, Community & State President of UnitedHealthcare, also spoke at a "Medicaid Crisis in the States: Private Sector Solutions You Can Use" workshop at the 2011 ALEC Annual Meeting;[243] member of the Health and Human Services Task Force; terminated its membership on April 22, 2013, according to an ALEC document, adding that it "left along with BCBS."[23] See Corporations that Have Cut Ties to ALEC for more.
  • United Infrastructure Co.[20] (design/build contractor operating internationally)
  • United Parcel Service (UPS), ALEC "Private Enterprise" Board of Directors member,[1] Commerce, Insurance and Economic Development Task Force Executive Committee member,[15][78] State corporate co-chair of California,[18] sponsor of the 2012 States & Nation Policy Summit in Washington, DC,[37] “Vice Chairman” level sponsor of the 2012 ALEC Annual Conference,[305] “Vice Chairman” level sponsor ($25,000) at the 2013 ALEC Annual Conference,[306] sponsor for the reception for incoming chairmen ($50,000) at the 2013 ALEC Annual Conference,[307] "Vice Chairman" level sponsor of the 2014 ALEC Annual Conference,[308] "Vice Chairman" level sponsor of ALEC's 2014 States and Nation Policy Summit;[40] lobbying filings in Georgia reported paying for legislators' meals at the Georgia General Assembly Delegation Dinner at an ALEC policy conference in 2015,[26][309] "Vice Chairman" level sponsor of the 2015 ALEC Annual Conference ($25,000),[41] "Vice Chair" level sponsor of ALEC's 2016 Annual Conference ($25,000).[6] Listed as a "Vice Chairman Level" sponsor for the 2017 ALEC Annual Meeting.[7]
  • United States Steel Corporation, sponsored the 2012 States & Nation Policy Meeting in Washington, DC,[37] and “Director” level sponsor of the 2013 ALEC Annual Conference ($15,000).[310]
  • The Upjohn Co.[20] (now part of Pharmacia AB, Monsanto and Pfizer, all of which have ties to ALEC)
  • UPS Airlines,[20] State corporate co-chair of Kentucky[18]
  • U.S. Generating Company,[22][20] "Vice Chairman" level sponsor of 2011 ALEC Annual Conference[30] ($25,000 in 2010)[31]
  • U.S. Oncology, Member of ALEC Health and Human Services Task Force[19]
  • UST Public Affairs Inc.[22][20] (now United States Smokeless Tobacco Company, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Altria)
  • US West, Inc.[22][20] (later Qwest Communications, and CenturyLink as of April 2011, both ALEC members)
  • UtiliCorp United Inc.[20] (now part of Black Hills Corporation and Great Plains Energy)

V

W

X

Y

Z

  • Zions Bank, Member of ALEC Utah Host Committee for 2012 annual meeting[59] and “Vice Chairman” level sponsor of the 2012 ALEC Annual Meeting.[323]
  • Zoom Cycle Accessories[20]
  • Zurich Insurance[22]

Trade Groups

See ALEC Trade Groups.

Law and Lobbying Firms

See ALEC Law Firms.

Think Tanks and Other Non-Profit Groups

See ALEC Non-Profits.

Governmental Groups

See ALEC Governmental Groups.

Articles and Resources

External Resources

References

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 American Legislative Exchange Council Private Enterprise Board, organization website, accessed April 13, 2012 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Private_Enterprise_Board" defined multiple times with different content
  2. American Legislative Exchange Council, "Private Enterprise Advisory Council", organizational website, accessed March 2013
  3. American Legislative Exchange Council, "Private Enterprise Advisory Council," organizational website, accessed June 2014.
  4. Nick Surgey: ALEC Corporate Board Chair Quits Over Climate Change, Renewables and Voting Rights, HuffPost, November 6, 2014
  5. 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 Nick Surgey and Calvin Sloan, "Revealed: AARP Is Funding ALEC," Exposed by CMD, Center for Media and Democracy, July 28, 2016.
  6. 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 Nick Surgey, "ExxonMobil Top Sponsor at ALEC Annual Meeting," Exposed by CMD, Center for Media and Democracy, July 27, 2016.
  7. 7.00 7.01 7.02 7.03 7.04 7.05 7.06 7.07 7.08 7.09 7.10 7.11 7.12 7.13 7.14 7.15 7.16 7.17 7.18 7.19 7.20 7.21 7.22 7.23 7.24 7.25 ALEC, [paper copy on file at CMD], 2017 ALEC Annual Meeting Program", July 19-21, 2017.
  8. Rebekah Wilce, Breaking News: Coca-Cola Dumps ALEC, PRWatch.org, April 5, 2012
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 Rebekah Wilce, "Shareholders Push Firms to Cut Ties to ALEC; 49 Corporations Now Out", PRWatch, June 25, 2013
  10. 10.00 10.01 10.02 10.03 10.04 10.05 10.06 10.07 10.08 10.09 10.10 10.11 10.12 10.13 10.14 10.15 10.16 10.17 10.18 American Legislative Exchange Council, American Legislative Exchange Council Telecommunications & Information Technology as of July 18th, 2011, organizational task force membership director, July 18, 2011, p. 22, obtained and released by Common Cause April 2012
  11. Rebekah Wilce, BREAKING: Intuit Out of ALEC; Coke, Kraft, Pepsi, too, while Koch Stands Ground, PRWatch.org, April 6, 2012
  12. Salvador Rizzo, Johnson & Johnson becomes first N.J. company to part ways with ALEC, New Jersey Star-Ledger, June 12, 2012
  13. Barbara Liston and Martinne Geller, UPDATE 4-Coke withdraws from group that backs Stand Your Ground law (Adds Kraft Statement), Reuters, April 6, 2012
  14. Martinne Geller and Jennifer Saba, Reed Elsevier, Wendy's drop conservative group, Reuters, April 12, 2012
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 American Legislative Exchange Council Private Sector Executive Committee, organization website, accessed June 14, 2011 this page has been altered by ALEC and is no longer available Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Commerce_Executive_Committee" defined multiple times with different content
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 16.4 16.5 American Legislative Exchange Council, Commerce, Insurance & Economic Development Task Force Meeting Agenda, August 3, 2011, on file with CMD
  17. Jessica Wohl, Wal-Mart ending membership in conservative group, Reuters, May 31, 2012
  18. 18.00 18.01 18.02 18.03 18.04 18.05 18.06 18.07 18.08 18.09 18.10 18.11 18.12 18.13 18.14 18.15 18.16 18.17 18.18 18.19 18.20 18.21 18.22 18.23 18.24 18.25 18.26 18.27 18.28 18.29 18.30 18.31 18.32 18.33 18.34 18.35 18.36 18.37 18.38 18.39 18.40 18.41 18.42 18.43 18.44 18.45 18.46 18.47 18.48 18.49 18.50 18.51 18.52 American Legislative Exchange Council, "Solutions for the States," 38th Annual Meeting agenda, on file with CMD, August 3-6, 2011
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  21. 3M, Political Activities and Issue Advocacy, corporate governance document, revised May 8, 2013.
  22. 22.00 22.01 22.02 22.03 22.04 22.05 22.06 22.07 22.08 22.09 22.10 22.11 22.12 22.13 22.14 22.15 22.16 22.17 22.18 22.19 22.20 22.21 22.22 22.23 22.24 22.25 22.26 22.27 22.28 22.29 22.30 22.31 22.32 22.33 22.34 22.35 22.36 22.37 22.38 22.39 22.40 22.41 22.42 22.43 22.44 22.45 22.46 22.47 22.48 22.49 22.50 22.51 22.52 22.53 22.54 22.55 22.56 22.57 22.58 22.59 22.60 22.61 22.62 22.63 22.64 22.65 22.66 22.67 22.68 22.69 22.70 22.71 22.72 22.73 22.74 22.75 22.76 22.77 22.78 22.79 Defenders of Wildlife, Natural Resources Defense Council, "Corporations and Trades Associations that Fund ALEC," Corporate America's Trojan Horse in the States: The Untold Story Behind the American Legislative Exchange Council, online report, 2003
  23. 23.00 23.01 23.02 23.03 23.04 23.05 23.06 23.07 23.08 23.09 23.10 23.11 23.12 23.13 23.14 23.15 23.16 23.17 23.18 23.19 23.20 23.21 23.22 23.23 23.24 23.25 23.26 23.27 23.28 23.29 23.30 23.31 23.32 23.33 American Legislative Exchange Council, ALEC 40th Anniversary Annual Meeting Board Meeting packet, organizational documents, August 6, 2013, released by The Guardian December 3, 2013.
  24. American Legislative Exchange Council, How to Reduce Your Prison Population and Save Money. ALEC Workshop. Part 3, videotaped workshop, December 18, 2009
  25. Nick Surgey, Coal and Oil Polluters Dominate ALEC Conference, PRWatch, July 31, 2014.
  26. 26.0 26.1 26.2 26.3 26.4 26.5 26.6 26.7 26.8 James Salzer, "Georgia lobbyists dig deep to feed lawmakers at bill-writing meetings," Atlanta Journal Constitution, June 3, 2015.
  27. Georgia Government Transparency and Campaign Finance Commission, Malcolm P. Smith, Lobbyist Report Forms, May 1-May 31 2015 filing, accessed June 2015.
  28. Georgia Government Transparency and Campaign Finance Commission, Harriette Edge Ward, Lobbyist Report Forms, May 1-May 31 2015 filing, accessed June 2015.
  29. Lisa Graves, More Corporations Drop Off ALEC’s Conference Brochure, PRWatch, August 15, 2013.
  30. 30.00 30.01 30.02 30.03 30.04 30.05 30.06 30.07 30.08 30.09 30.10 30.11 30.12 30.13 30.14 30.15 30.16 30.17 30.18 30.19 30.20 30.21 30.22 30.23 30.24 30.25 30.26 30.27 30.28 30.29 30.30 30.31 30.32 30.33 30.34 30.35 30.36 30.37 30.38 30.39 30.40 30.41 30.42 30.43 30.44 30.45 30.46 30.47 30.48 30.49 30.50 30.51 30.52 30.53 30.54 30.55 30.56 30.57 30.58 30.59 30.60 30.61 30.62 30.63 American Legislative Exchange Council, 2011 Conference Sponsors, conference brochure on file with CMD, August 4, 2011
  31. 31.00 31.01 31.02 31.03 31.04 31.05 31.06 31.07 31.08 31.09 31.10 31.11 31.12 31.13 31.14 31.15 31.16 31.17 31.18 31.19 31.20 31.21 31.22 31.23 31.24 31.25 31.26 31.27 31.28 31.29 31.30 31.31 31.32 31.33 31.34 31.35 31.36 31.37 31.38 31.39 31.40 31.41 31.42 31.43 31.44 31.45 31.46 31.47 31.48 31.49 31.50 31.51 31.52 31.53 31.54 31.55 31.56 31.57 31.58 31.59 31.60 31.61 31.62 31.63 31.64 American Legislative Exchange Council, Sponsorship Opportunities at ALEC's Annual Meeting, organizational website, 2010, archived on the Wayback Machine, accessed January 24, 2012
  32. "Buying Influence: ALEC Scholarships by State," Center for Media and Democracy report, October 2012.
  33. Jay Riestenberg, "Allergan Latest Company to Leave ALEC as Pressure Builds on Pfizer," Common Cause, May 14, 2015.
  34. 34.0 34.1 34.2 American Legislative Exchange Council, ALEC 25th Annual Meeting Agenda, organizational document, August 18-22, 1998, accessed via the Tobacco Library.
  35. 35.0 35.1 35.2 35.3 35.4 35.5 Greenpeace, Greenpeace Confirms Six Utilities Quietly Dumped ALEC, organizational blog post, May 1, 2014.
  36. American Legislative Exchange Council, International and Federal Relations Task Force meeting and Federal Relations Working Group, meeting agenda and materials, August 4, 2011, on file with CMD
  37. 37.0 37.1 37.2 37.3 37.4 37.5 37.6 37.7 37.8 American Legislative Exchange Council, 2012 SNPS Sponsors, organizational document, 2012 SNPS Agenda on file with CMD.
  38. Lisa Graves, More Corporations Drop Off ALEC’s Conference Brochure, PRWatch, August 15, 2013.
  39. Nick Surgey, Coal and Oil Polluters Dominate ALEC Conference, PRWatch, July 31, 2014.
  40. 40.0 40.1 40.2 40.3 American Legislative Exchange Council, 2014 States and Nation Policy Summit Sponsors, organizational brochure, December 3, 2014.
  41. 41.00 41.01 41.02 41.03 41.04 41.05 41.06 41.07 41.08 41.09 41.10 41.11 41.12 41.13 41.14 41.15 41.16 41.17 41.18 41.19 41.20 41.21 41.22 41.23 41.24 41.25 41.26 41.27 41.28 41.29 41.30 41.31 41.32 41.33 Nick Surgey, "ALEC Conference Funding Dominated by Big Polluters," Center for Media and Democracy, PR Watch, July 23, 2015. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "2015_conference_funding" defined multiple times with different content
  42. Rebekah Wilce, Amazon.com 16th Corporation to Dump ALEC, PRWatch.org, May 24, 2012
  43. 43.0 43.1 Jason Hancock, Free-market group draws criticism for potential role in bills, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, August 5, 2011
  44. Ameren fends off activist shareholder proposals, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, April 24, 2014.
  45. Lisa Graves, More Corporations Drop Off ALEC’s Conference Brochure, PRWatch, August 15, 2013.
  46. Lisa Graves, More Corporations Drop Off ALEC’s Conference Brochure, PRWatch, August 15, 2013.
  47. 47.0 47.1 American Legislative Exchange Council, "Energy, Environment, and Agriculture 2011 Annual Meeting Task Force Meeting," speaker biographies and materials, August 4, 2011, on file with CMD
  48. Lisa Graves, More Corporations Drop Off ALEC’s Conference Brochure, PRWatch, August 15, 2013.
  49. Nick Surgey, Coal and Oil Polluters Dominate ALEC Conference, PRWatch, July 31, 2014.
  50. Dan Gearino, "AEP dropping out of conservative lobbying group," Columbus Dispatch, December 8, 2015.
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  52. Michael Flynn, Director of Legislation and Policy, American Legislative Exchange Council, Letter to ALEC Members, April 15, 1999, archived in Tobacco Library, accessed April 2012
  53. American Traffic Solutions, American Traffic Solutions, company website, accessed September 1, 2011
  54. 54.0 54.1 American Legislative Exchange Council, "Public Safety and Elections Task Force Meeting," agenda and meeting materials, August 4, 2011, on file with CMD
  55. 55.0 55.1 55.2 American Legislative Exchange Council, Health and Human Services Task Force Meeting 2011 States and Nation Policy Summit May 11, 2011 MEETING MINUTES, organizational document, April 6, 2012, p. 23, obtained and released by Common Cause April 2012
  56. Jeremy Duda, American Traffic Solutions leaving ALEC, joining APS, Arizona Capitol Times, April 13, 2012
  57. Common Cause, ALEC Task Force Materials, organization website, accessed August 22, 2014
  58. 58.0 58.1 58.2 58.3 Jay Riestenberg, Common Cause, More Corporations Distance Themselves from ALEC, Democracy Wire blog, November 20, 2014.
  59. 59.00 59.01 59.02 59.03 59.04 59.05 59.06 59.07 59.08 59.09 59.10 59.11 59.12 59.13 59.14 59.15 59.16 59.17 59.18 American Legislative Exchange Council, 39th Annual Meeting Agenda, organizational document, July 25-28, 2012, on file with CMD
  60. ALEC 24th Annual Meeting Agenda (August 12-17, 1997), accessed via the Tobacco Library.
  61. Rebekah Wilce, Amgen Drops ALEC (Number 32) as eBay Comes Under Fire, PRWatch.org, August 8, 2012
  62. 62.00 62.01 62.02 62.03 62.04 62.05 62.06 62.07 62.08 62.09 62.10 62.11 62.12 62.13 62.14 62.15 American Legislative Exchange Council, Tax and Fiscal Policy Committee Roster 2, organizational task force membership directory, March 31, 2011, p. 46, obtained and released by Common Cause April 2012.
  63. Brendan Fischer, ALEC Struggles in Kansas City, PRWatch, May 6, 2014.
  64. American Legislative Exchange Council, Telecommunications & Information Technology Task Force Meeting 2011 Annual Meeting August 5, 2011 Meeting Draft Minutes, organizational document, October 27, 2011, p. 9, obtained and released by Common Cause April 2012
  65. Nick Surgey: AOL, Owner of Huffington Post, Quits ALEC, PRWatch, November 11, 2014
  66. Nick Surgey, Coal and Oil Polluters Dominate ALEC Conference, PRWatch, July 31, 2014.
  67. American Legislative Exchange Council Energy, Environment, and Agriculture Task Force, organization website, accessed April 13, 2011. This page has been altered by ALEC and no longer contains this information.
  68. Jeremy Duda, APS ending ALEC membership; SRP considers doing same, Arizona Capitol Times, April 12, 2012
  69. Luige del Puerto, Months after publicly leaving ALEC in 2012, APS quietly rejoined, Arizona Capitol Times, November 7, 2013.
  70. American Legislative Exchange Council, 1994 Annual Meeting Brochure, organizational brochure, 1994, archived in Tobacco Library, accessed April 2012
  71. ShareAction, Astra Zeneca, organizational website, accessed August 2014.
  72. Nick Surgey, Coal and Oil Polluters Dominate ALEC Conference, PRWatch, July 31, 2014.
  73. American Legislative Exchange Council, "Telecommunications & Information Technology Task Force Meeting," agenda and meeting materials, July 18, 2011.
  74. American Legislative Exchange Council, Telecommunications & Information Technology Task Force Meeting 2011 States and Nation Policy Summit December 1, 2011 Meeting Draft Minutes, organizational document, April 6, 2012, p. 10, obtained and released by Common Cause April 2012
  75. Lisa Graves, More Corporations Drop Off ALEC’s Conference Brochure, PRWatch, August 15, 2013.
  76. Nick Surgey, Coal and Oil Polluters Dominate ALEC Conference, PRWatch, July 31, 2014.
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