Beira coal terminal

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Beira coal terminal is a coal export terminal at Beira port, Sofala province, Mozambique.

The US$200 million terminal, which began operations in 2012 and has an estimated annual capacity of 6 million metric tons, is a joint venture between mining giants Vale and Rio Tinto, and Mozambique's national port and railway company CFM (Portos e Caminhos de Ferro de Moçambique).[1]

The terminal is linked by the 660 kilometre-long Sena railway to Moatize, Tete province, the current center of Mozambique's coal mining boom, where both Vale and Rio Tinto operate mines.

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Background

Brazilian mining giant Vale, the first major company to start producing thermal and metallurgical coal from the Tete basin, reported in August 2011 that it delivered its first coal by train from its Moatize mine project to the Beira port.[2] Between August 2011 and January 2012, Vale exported 246,000 metric tons of coal using Beira port's pre-existing infrastructure.

In February 2012, the current Beira coal terminal was officially opened.[3] Despite the terminal's announced annual capacity of 6 million metric tons, first year exports were projected to be only 5 million tons, split 80%-20% between Vale and Rio Tinto[4], and in 2014 CFM officials acknowledged that actual capacity remained lower than anticipated due to limitations in rail and port infrastructure.[5]

In 2015, commercial operations will begin at Vale's new coal export terminal in Nacala, which is linked to the Moatize coalfields by a new railway line. By 2017 Vale Moçambique projects that its coal exports from Nacala port will greatly exceed those from Beira (18 million metric tons from Nacala vs only 4 million from Beira).[6]

Project Details

  • Operator: CFM (Portos e Caminhos de Ferro de Moçambique), Vale, Rio Tinto
  • Location: Sofala province, Mozambique
  • Annual Capacity (Tonnes): 6 million
  • Status: Existing
  • Type: Exports
  • Coal source: Moatize mine, Tete province, Mozambique

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