Bulgaria and coal

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Coal generates half of Bulgaria's electricity. About 30 million tons of lignite are mined annually[1] (about 5 million tons oil equivalent).[2] EU grants are supporting the replacement of polluting coal stoves in cities.[3]

Coal Mining

Almost all the lignite is mined at the Maritsa Iztok Complex.[4]

Electricity

Total annual electricity generation is about 40TWh.[5] In 2016 coal generated 22TWh of electricity and nuclear 14TWh with natural gas providing less than 1TWh.[6] The main renewable sources of energy are hydro followed by wind then solar.[7] Exports of electricity greatly exceeded imports.[8]

Lower income groups are suffering from increasing electricity prices, but this may be alleviated by the sale of EU carbon credits as many ageing coal-fired plants are retired.[9]

Articles and Resources

Sources

  1. PRODUCTION AND DELIVERIES OF SOLID FUELS, INFOSTAT, National statistical institute, accessed June 2018
  2. "OVERALL ENERGY BALANCE SHEET 2016" National statistical institute, accessed June 2018
  3. "The EU Grants BGN 111 Million to Replace Solid Fuel Stoves and Heaters in 21 Bulgarian Cities" Novinite, 18 May 2018
  4. The energy sector in Bulgaria Bankwatch, accessed June 2018
  5. "Production and deliveries of electricity" National statistical institute, accessed June 2018
  6. SEERMAP (2017), Annex 1
  7. "RENEWABLES 2016" National statistical institute, accessed June 2018
  8. "OVERALL ENERGY BALANCE SHEET 2016" National statistical institute, accessed June 2018
  9. SEERMAP (2017), p37

References


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External Resources