Bulgaria and coal
|This article is part of the CoalSwarm coverage of Bulgaria and coal.|
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) notes that coal mining in Bulgaria continues to decline but that, in 2005, coal accounted for approximately 45% of the fuel for electricity generation sector. The USGS reports that in 2005 a total of 44.9 million tonnes of coal was produced in Bulgaria, of which 22.193 million tonnes was lignite. In 2018 Bulgaria sued to try to avoid new EU pollution rules.
Coal Mining Operations
The USGS lists operating coal mines as being:
- the Economic Mining and Power Combine (SMEK) operates the Balkanbass bituminous coal mine in the Balkan coal basin in central Bulgaria; in 2005 the mine had an annual operating capacity of 445,000 tonnes.
- G. Dimitrov operates a brown coal mine in the Pernik coal basin, southwest of Sofia, which in 2005 had an annual operating capacity of 4 million tonnes;
- the USGS also notes that there are other brown coal mines operating at Bobov Dol and Pirin in western Bulgaria which between them in 2005 had an annual capacity of 3.1 million tonnes;
- SMEK also operates a lignite mine at in the East Maritsa coal basin near Zagora; in 2005 the mine had an annual capacity of 25 million tonnes;
- The USGS also notes that there are other lignite mines operating in the Marbas, Pernik, and Bobov Dol coal basins and in 2005 had an annual operating capacity of 5.3 million tonnes.
Operating Coal-Fired Power Stations
- Maritsa Iztok Complex, Bulgaria
Articles and Resources
- Walter G. Steblez, The Mineral Industries of The Northern Balkans: Bulgaria and Romania, 2005 Minerals Yearbook, U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, December 2007, page 10.
- "ClientEarth moves to defend new EU rules from 'inexcusable' coal industry attack" ClientEarth, Feb 28, 2018.
- Walter G. Steblez, The Mineral Industries of The Northern Balkans: Bulgaria and Romania, 2005 Minerals Yearbook, U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, December 2007, page 11.
Related SourceWatch articles
- International Energy Agency, "Bulgaria", International Energy Agency website, accessed July 2008.
- International Energy Agency, "Coal in Bulgaria in 2005", International Energy Agency website, accessed July 2008.
- U.S. Geological Survey, "Bulgaria" 2001-2005
- European Environment Agency, European Pollutant Emission Register. (This has a list of power stations and their current emissions).