Castle Hill mine

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Castle Hill Mine is an opencast sub-bituminous coal mine located near Kaitangata in South Otago, which is in the southeast of the South Island. The mine is owned by Kai Point Coal.

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Project Details

Location: Near Kaitangata, 9 km east of Balclutha in South Otago
Coordinates: -46.26813,169.876084

Coalfield: Kaitangata
Background: There was a Castle Hill coal mine operating at Kaitangata in the 1880s[1] but the current mine site wasn’t opened until 1958 after many mines in the area had opened and closed over a period of time. The early underground mine was the scene of one of New Zealand’s worst mine disasters when 34 miners died after a gas explosion (1879).[2]
Current owner: Kai Point Coal [3]
Status: Operating
Production capacity: 55,000 tonnes/year[4]
Estimated recoverable reserves:
Mining technique: Opencast
Type of coal: Sub-bituminous high sulfur (1.69%)[5]
Solid fuel calorific value (gross) 19.67 MJ/kg (Range for NZ coal 15.25–31.95 MJ/kg)[6]
Market information: Used for domestic and industrial heating. About 80% is supplied to industries such as meat, dairy and timber. The balance is for the domestic market.[7]
Environmental and/or health & safety issues:

Articles and Resources

Sources

  1. Te Papa, "Castle Hill Coal Mine - Kaitangata", accessed December 2012
  2. Kai Point Coal, "Kai Point Coal has been a part of the Balclutha - Kaitangata scene for over 50 years", accessed December 2012
  3. Ministry of Economic Development, "Operating coal mines", Ministry of Economic Development website, accessed March 2012.
  4. Kai Point Coal, "Kai Point Coal has been a part of the Balclutha - Kaitangata scene for over 50 years", accessed December 2012
  5. Coal Association of NZ, "Analysis of New Zealand Industrial Coals 2010", accessed December 2012
  6. Ministry of Economic Development, "New Zealand Energy Data File", accessed December 2012
  7. Kai Point Coal, "Kai Point Coal has been a part of the Balclutha - Kaitangata scene for over 50 years", accessed December 2012

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