Alpu power station

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Alpu power station, also known as Eskişehir Alpu power station or Eskişehir Alpu Termik Santrali, is a proposed 1100-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power plant in Eskişehir province, Turkey.

Location

The maps below shows the location of project site in Alpu district, Eskişehir province, according to the EIA.[1]

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Background on Plant

In May 2013, a study by Turkey's General Directorate of Mining Affairs (Maden İşletmeleri Genel Müdürlüğü, or MİGEM) concluded that the Alpu district of Eskişehir province holds over 900 million tons of coal reserves. MİGEM announced plans to find a developer for a 300 MW coal-fired power plant in Alpu district.[2][3][4] It was planned for operation in 2019,[5] with plans to expand up to 6000 MW.[6]

Privatization

Privatization tendering of the power station and Eskişehir Alpu Coal fields was due to be completed in January 2018[7] but has been postponed for the third time and is now due 15 August.[8] According to Selahattin Anaç, the former general manager of TKI, it is unclear whether the exploratory drilling data is to international standards. He also said that to work 3 or 4 seams to produce homogeneous coal would be costly.[9]

Capacity and cost

It was initially reported that the installed capacity of the power plant will be 1,080 MW (3 x 360 MW) and that the total investment cost of the project is expected to be approximately US$1.8 billion.[10] Future expansion up to 7GW is said to be possible, however the very wet local coal could result in extra operational and maintenance costs and pollution.[11]

The Chamber of Electrical Engineers states that, due to a 15 year government purchase guarantee, the total cost of electricity from the plant could amount to 5.8 million US dollars (21.8 million lira) and that that would be a bad deal compared to renewable energy.[12]

The Environmental Impact Statement released in March 2018 described the plant as comprising two units, each 550 MWe gross and 506 MWe net, with 8% of the plant's gross output used for internal consumption. Total investment cost was estimated at US$ 1.637/kW, or US$1.8 billion total.[13]

Opposition

Months of protests in 2017 and 2018 included statues in gas masks, rap music, and a convoy of hundreds of tractors.[14] The mayor spoke out against the plant,[15] and in January 2018 the MP for the main opposition party joined a human chain formed in protest.[16] In the spring of 2018 protestors took to the Porsuk River[17] and in the election campaign the main opposition leader Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu [18] and local candidate Nuray Akçasoy[19] spoke out against the plant.

Health Impact

Greenpeace estimates that the plant would lead to 3200 early deaths.[20]

Environmental Impact

The Alpu EIA was approved in March 2018 but is being contested in court.[21] In May 2018 the Chamber of Geological Engineers released a detailed report criticizing the EIA on multiple grounds including not properly considering the risk of earthquakes and landslides, not enough analysis of the impact on water, and not including environmental impact in the cost-benefit analysis.[22]

Project Details

  • Sponsor: TKİ (Turkish Coal Enterprise)/EÜAŞ (Elektrik Üretim A.Ş.)
  • Parent company:
  • Location: Alpu district, Eskişehir province, Turkey
  • Coordinates: 39.897, 30.862 (exact)[1])
  • Status: Pre-permit development
  • Detailed status: EIA approved but being contested in court
  • Gross capacity: 1100 MWe gross (2 x 550 MW)[13]
  • Type: Ultra-supercritical[1]
  • Projected in service:
  • Coal type: Lignite (2.107 kcal/kg[1])
  • Coal source: Eskişehir Alpu lignite mine, Turkey
  • CO2 Emissions per year: 8 million tons[23]
  • Source of financing:

Articles and resources

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Alpu EIA, ELEKTRİK ÜRETİM A.Ş., March 2018, p. 1
  2. Alpu'da 1 Milyar Ton Kömür Rezervi Bulundu, Gazete A24, May 8, 2013.
  3. Eskişehir'e İkinci Termik Santral Yolda, 2 Eylül, June 12, 2013.
  4. Eskişehir Alpu, Kara Atlas, accessed Mar. 2014.
  5. 2015-2019 Strategic Plan, enerji.gov.tr, 2015
  6. "MADEN tüm maden haberleri... Yeni rezevler, Türkiye'yi kömürden vazgeçirmiyor," enerjiajansi.net, Dec 22, 2014.
  7. Elektrik Üretim AŞ`ye Ait Taşınmazların (Kömür Rezerv Alanı ile Bu Rezerve Dayalı Santralin ve Diğer Varlıkların Yapılacağı Alanların) Özelleştirme İhale İlanı,Privatization Administration, September 2017
  8. Alpu Termik Santrali ihalesi 3. kez ertelendi, yeşilgazete, 24 April 2018
  9. "Anaç: EÜAŞ ve TKİ sistem içinde kalmalı", Enerji Günlüğü, 5 May 2018
  10. Haluk Direskeneli, Turkey: Eskişehir Alpu Coal Fields And 1080 New Thermal Power Plant – Analysis, Eurasia Review, October 2017
  11. Eskişehir Alpu Coal Fields and 1080 MWe New Thermal Power Plant Project, TESPAM, October 2017
  12. "Alım garantili SPE'nin faturası ağır" ," Gerçek Gündem, Feb 6, 2018
  13. 13.0 13.1 Alpu EIA, ELEKTRİK ÜRETİM A.Ş., March 2018, p. 20
  14. Turkey’s coal dependency triggers creative protest in Eskişehir, Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung, January 2018
  15. Büyükerşen: Termik santral Eskişehir için bir cinayettir, evrensel, December 2017
  16. Eskişehir’de kömürlü termik santrale karşı zincir oluşturuldu, Hürriyet, January 2018
  17. Eskişehir'de termik santral protestosu, Anadolu Gazetesi, 5 May 2018
  18. KILIÇDAROĞLU’NDAN TERMİK SANTRAL TEPKİSİ, ESGündem, 27 May 2018
  19. Nuray Akçasoy'dan çarpıcı termik santral açıklaması!, Anadolu Gazetesi, 5 June 2018
  20. Rapora göre 3 bin 200 ‘erken ölüm’e davetiye: Eskişehirliler ‘Kömürü ES geç’ Diken, , 5 May 2018
  21. Eskişehir kömürlü termik santrali yargıya taşıdı, Turizm Haberleri, 28 March 2018
  22. ESKİŞEHİR ALPU TERMİK SANTRAL PROJESİ NİHAİ ÇED RAPORUNUN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ RAPORU, TMMOB JEOLOJİ MÜHENDİSLERİ ODASI, 2018
  23. Eskişehir Alpu Ovası’nda “çevre” cinayeti,BirGün, Dec 21 2017

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