Gwadar power station

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This article is part of the CoalSwarm coverage of Pakistan and coal.
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Gwadar power station is a proposed 300-megawatt (MW) coal plant in Balochistan province, Pakistan.


The map below shows the location of the proposed Gwadar Port, the proposed location of the plant, in Gwadar district, Balochistan province.

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According to a December 2014 overview of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor in Pakistan Today, "Gwadar Coal Power Project 300 megawatts" is listed among the "significant energy projects" totaling 10,400 MW that are being installed.[1] However, the Gwadar project does not appear in the list published in April 2015 of the 51 MoU's signed under the agreement.[2] A November 2014 Business Recorder report indicated that Chinese officials "had not given a positive response" to the Gwadar project.[3] The power station is part of the Gwadar Port project, a planned coal terminal linking China and Pakistan.[4][5]

After a meeting with Chinese investors in January 2016, PM Sharif reiterated the government's support of the Gwadar power station project, along with many others included in CPEC.[6] Concrete details on the project have not yet been announced, however.

In April 2016, "official sources" said that the government was "all set to shelve" the plan for the coal plant and instead build a series of RLNG-based 100 MW plants. According to a Planning Commission official, the final decision would be taken by the Ministry of Water and Power and Gawadar Development Authority.[7] In May 2016, the federal planning minister criticized the federal water & power ministry for proposing a coal power plant at the site, arguing that three 100-MW oil- or gas-fired power plants should be built instead of a coal plant, in order to limit pollution.[8]

However, in June 2016 the federal government allocated Rs 20 million ($200,000) for a pre-feasibility study of the Gwadar coal plant.[9]

In March 2017, Pakistan's Economic Coordination Committee awarded the project's contract to the China Communi­cation Construction Group (CCCC), a Chinese state-owned firm, without bidding.[10] In May 2017, Pakistan's Private Power and Infrastructure Board issued a letter of intent to CCCC.[11] CCCC's license is under review by the Pakistan government. The total cost for the project is approximated $492.94 million, which is expected to be financed in a debt to equity ratio of 75:25. The CCCC is the main sponsor of the project and will hold 75.5 percent equity in the project, while the remaining 24.5 percent equity will be invested by Tianjin Energy Investment Group Company Limited.[12]

A November 29, 2018 updated list of "Upcoming IPPs" by the Ministry of Water & Power states the plant will be commissioned in March 2022.[13]


Project Details

  • Sponsor: China Communication Construction Company
  • Parent company: China Communi­cation Construction Group (75.5%), Tianjin Energy Investment Group (24.5%)
  • Location: Gwadar district, Balochistan province, Pakistan
  • Coordinates: 25.1079845, 62.3466396 (approximate)
  • Status: Pre-permit development
  • Capacity: 300 MW
  • Type:
  • Projected in service: 2022
  • Coal Type:
  • Coal Source: Imported (through proposed coal jetty at Gwadar Port)
  • Source of financing:

Articles and resources


  1. Mian Abrar, "China-Pakistan Economic Corridor — A new vista of development in South Asia," Pakistan Today, 6 December 2014
  2. "Details of agreements signed during Xi's visit to Pakistan", Dawn (21 April 2015). Retrieved on 21 April 2015. 
  3. Coal-fired power: China shows no interest in many Punjab projects, Business Recorder, 16 Nov. 2014.
  4. "Gwadar Port holds potential to facilitate foreign trade: official," The International News, March 21, 2015
  5. Gwadar Port To Create Over 40,000 Job Opportunities, Pakistan Construction & Quarry, accessed July 2016.
  6. Initial work on CPEC economic zones starts, The News, 12 Jan. 2016.
  7. Mehtab Haider, "Govt set to shelve Gwadar Coal Project," The International News, April 26, 2016
  8. Ministry ordered to come up with plan within a week, Urdu Wire, 13 May 2016.
  9. Rs 73.7b for 32 CPEC projects, CPEC Info, 4 June 2016.
  10. Chinese firm awarded Rs55bn power project at Gwadar, Dawn, 31 Mar. 2017.
  11. LoI granted for 300 MW power plant in Gwadar, Pakistan-China Institute - CPEC portal, 31 May 2017.
  12. "NEPRA accepts Chinese firm’s application for generation licence," Daily Times, Sep 16, 2017
  13. "Upcoming IPPs," Private Power & Infrastructure Board, Ministry of Power, updated November 29, 2018

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