Krishnapatnam Port is a deep water port near Nellore in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. It is the largest private port on India's east coast, and one of only three ports in India equipped to receive capesize vessels (the other two are Mundra Port and Gangavaram Port).
The port has an installed cargo handling capacity of 70 million tonnes, with coal accounting for the vast majority of imports. Port operator Krishnapatnam Port Company (KPCL) has plans to expand the port's annual capacity to as much as 200 million tonnes per annum, including increased coal handling capacity. Out of 35 million tonnes that KPCL expects to handle in 2014-15, around three-fourths is coal.
A 2012 Coal Age report on Indian coal terminals states that "With a vessel draft of 18.5 m, Krishnapatnam is one of the deepest ports of India. Coal is by far the greatest import cargo, while iron ore is the greatest export cargo. However, the ban on iron ore mining at the Obulapuram mine has cut exports significantly, resulting in a 40% loss in revenue."
In 2013, coal imports into the port reached 19.75 million tonnes.
According to the Economic Times of India (2014), "Dozens of power companies, both public and private, are currently building coal-fired electricity generating units in and around Krishnapatnam, involving at least 14,000MW of capacities, which propose importing at least 30% of their coal requirement." Several new coal-fired power projects in the port's vicinity are listed on KPCL's website, including those operated by Simhapuri Energy, APGENCO, Meenakshi Energy, Thermal Powertech Corporation, NCC, Kineta Power and Krishnapatnam Power.
On its website (2015), Krishnapatnam Port Company projects that new power projects scheduled for completion by 2017 will require over 40 million tonnes of coal annually, in addition to the 38 million required by existing coal, cement and steel plants that source coal from Australia, Indonesia and Mozambique through the port.
In September 2015 Krishnapatnam Port invested Rs.780 crore for installing a direct coal conveyor system to speed up movement of the fuel. On completion, it would have the capacity to discharge 20 million tonnes of coal.
Power stations in port vicinity
- Simhapuri Thamminapatnam power station
- Sri Damodaram Sanjeevaiah Thermal Power Station
- Meenakshi Energy Thermal Power Project
- Bander power station
- Muthukur Mandal power station (Painampuram)
- Kineta Power thermal station
- Krishnapatnam Navayuga thermal station
- Operator: Krishnapatnam Port Company Ltd. (KPCL), CVR Group
- Location: near Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India
- Annual Capacity (Tonnes): 70 million (all cargo)
- Additional Proposed Capacity (Tonnes): up to 130 million (all cargo)
- Status: Proposed expansion
- Type: Imports
- Projected in service:
- Cost of expansion:
- Financing for expansion:
- Coal Source: Australia, Indonesia, Mozambique
Articles and Resources
- "Chinamax ships seen carrying India coal in few years" Reuters, March 9, 2011.
- "How low-draft Kandla port manages to handle biggest of dry bulk ships" LiveMint, November 28, 2013.
- "We are ready to handle the coal rush - Krishnapatnam Port," Coal Insights, November 2012
- "Coal handling to go up at Krishnapatnam Port," The Hindu, Oct 4, 2014
- "Krishnapatnam Port eyes stake sale to fuel bigger ambitions," live mint, Feb 9, 2015
- "The Coal Terminals of India ", Coal Age, April 30, 2012.
- "Krishnapatnam Port pins hopes on coal imports for growth" Economic Times, October 4, 2014.
- "Projects around the Port" Krishnapatnam Port Company, accessed February 2015.
- "Krishnapatnam Port to install coal conveyor system," The Hindu, Sep 17, 2015