Mormugao Port

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This article is part of the CoalSwarm coverage of India and coal.

Mormugao Port is a multipurpose port in Goa, on India's west coast, with a history dating back to 1885.[1] Berth 6 has coal handling capacity of 7.5 million tonnes.[2]

Coal imports have been seen as a potential source of growth at the port, with two new coal import terminals approved for development in recent years. The Adani terminal at Berth 7 (approved in 2009) has a projected annual capacity of 5 million tonnes, and the Gammon Infrastructure terminal at Berth 11 (approved in 2012) has a projected capacity of 2 million tonnes - although the future of both projects has been clouded by conflicts with the Goa state pollution control board (GSPCB).

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The website for Mormugao Port describes the port as follows:[3]

"Murmugao Port, one of the oldest ports on the west coast of India, with a fine natural harbour, has been relentlessly serving the nation in its economic development for over a century. The Port was declared a Major Port in 1963. Mormugao Port is an iron ore exporting Port of India with an annual throughput of around 50.02 million tonnes of traffic. Though ore is the predominant cargo, there has been a steady increase in liquid bulk and general cargo traffic ever since its joining the ranks of the Major Ports of India. Excellent facilities, high productivity, streamlined administration and a dedicated workforce all go towards making this Port one of the most efficient Port in the Indian subcontinent."

A Coal Age report on Indian coal terminals confirms that iron ore exports remained the port's main business as of 2012, but notes that "The port also imports about 2 million tons of coking coal for the steel plants at Bhadravan (SAIL) and Hospet (Jindal)."[4]

Coal Terminals

The port's Berth 6 has coal handling capacity of 7.5 million tonnes.[5] As of 2014 the main user of Mormugao Port is JSW Steel, which imports about 7 million tonnes of coal and exports about 1 million tonnes of finished steel products annually through the port.[6]

In recent years, increased demand from India's burgeoning coal-fired power industry has prompted construction of two new coal terminals at Mormugao Port: one sponsored by Adani at Berth 7, and another sponsored by Gammon Infrastructure at Berth 11.

The Berth 7 coal facility (owned by Adani and officially known as Adani Mormugao Port Terminal Private Limited) has an annual import capacity of about 5 million metric tons.[7] The terminal was approved in 2009[8] and commissioned in 2013. India’s largest private multi-port operator APSEZ (Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone Limited, a division of the Adani Group) has permission to handle coal at the berth until May 2040.[9] As of July 2014, a trial run was in progress at the new terminal.[10]

However, in December 2014, Goa's state pollution control board threatened to revoke the terminal's environmental permit, citing dust pollution from loading operations, failure to operate the required sprinkling and dry fogging systems, failure to install a continuous ambient air quality monitoring system, and failure to properly cover coal stockpiles with tarpaulins. [11]

In late 2012, the port awarded a 30-year concession to Gammon Infrastructure for development of a coal terminal at Berth 11 with an annual capacity of 2.33 million tons.[12] However, in January 2014, Goa's state pollution control board refused to grant the mandatory environmental permits for the plant, prompting the Mormugao Port Trust to cancel the project. This in turn prompted Gammon Infrastructure to seek court intervention to keep the project alive. The district court granted a stay of the cancellation order in April 2014, leaving the berth 11 project in limbo.[13]

In late 2014, private companies including the Jindal and Adani Groups expressed interest in increasing the port's coal handling capacity through dredging, which would permit the entry of larger capesize vessels.[14]

In January 2016, the Goa State Pollution Control Board directed subsidiaries of Adani and JSW to cut coal imports by 25 per cent through their facilities at Mormugao Port, after reviewing data which showed air pollution at up to double permitted levels.[15]

Project Details

  • Operator: Mormugao Port Trust (MPT)
  • Location: Headland Sada, Vasco da Gama, Goa 403804, India
  • Existing Capacity (Tonnes per annum): 12.5 million (Berth 6: 7.5 million, Berth 7: 5 million)
  • Additional Proposed Capacity: 2.33 million (Berth 11)
  • Status: Proposed expansion
  • Type: Imports
  • Projected in service:
  • Cost of expansion:
  • Financing for expansion:
  • Coal Source:

Articles and Resources


  1. "Mormugao Port Trust, Goa" Mormugao Port Trust homepage, accessed February 2015.
  2. "Mormugao Port Trust: Berthing Policy," Mormugao Port Trust, Feb 10, 2015
  3. "Mormugao Port Trust, Goa" Mormugao Homepage, accessed February 2015.
  4. "The Coal Terminals of India ", Coal Age, April 30, 2012.
  5. "Mormugao Port Trust: Berthing Policy," Mormugao Port Trust, Feb 10, 2015
  6. "Deepening of Approach Channel for Capesize Vessels," Mormugao Port Trust Feasibility Report, Aug 2014
  7. "About Mormugao Port" Adani Ports website, accessed February 2015.
  8. "Mundra Port Bags Mormugao Port Coal Terminal Development Concessions" Capital Market, August 10, 2009.
  9. "APSEZ to commission coal terminal at Mormugao Port this fiscal" Economic Times, June 23, 2013.
  10. "Mormugao Port to be expanded through two PPP projects" Goa Herald, July 22, 2014.
  11. "Adani terminal at MPT gets GSPCB notice for pollution" Times of India, December 31, 2014.
  12. "MPT awards Rs 3 bn project to Gammon Infra" Infrastructure Today, January 2013.
  13. "Court stays termination of Gammon Infrastructure’s Goa Port project" Economic Times, April 7, 2014.
  14. "Jindal, Adani among firms keen on Goa dredging project" The Hindu Business Line, December 15, 2014.
  15. Bob Burton, "Is India starting to waver on coal?" EndCoal, Feb 3, 2016

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