NEC

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NEC is one of the major purchasers of electronics produced at the Lite-On Computer Technology production facility in Shijie Town, Dongguan Province, China (founded 1997).[1] By early 2008, the facility employed about 5000 people who enter the company by paying agencies based in Shijie town, Dongguan, 500-600 yuan (for men) or 200 yuan (for women). [1] While Lite-On production schedules follow a normal 8-hour workday, breaks consist of only 10 minutes twice a day and are unpaid – further, overtime work in the evenings, on weekends, and especially during busy seasons, is mandatory and can reach up to 100 hours a month, in violation of both Chinese Labor Law and the [EICC] standard. [1] Basic wages at Lite-On complied with Chinese minimum wage laws (690 yuan/month in 2007), but until mid-to-late 2007 when overtime began being paid at twice the standard weekend rate (8.24 yuan/hour) the company violated overtime wage laws by paying over 2 yuan less per hour. [1] A fire in the factory in February of 2008 has caused workers to be extremely concerned about their safety, and as of May 2008 production had not yet fully resumed at full capacity due to the damage the fire had caused. [1] Workers are charged up to one quarter of their wages on food, electricity, and water for eating and living in the factory dormitories, which house up to 16 people per room. [1] Research conducted by [SACOM] and [Bread for All] in early 2008 concluded that workers at Lite-On were unaware of their rights under either [EICC] standards or any of the codes of conduct of Lite-On’s customers, including NEC.[1]

NEC purchases power supply devices including invertors, converters, and adapters from the Yonghong Electronics factory in Shenzhen. Yonghong is a member of the FSP Group and was founded in May 2000. In 2006, it was found to employ children under the age of 16, though by 2008 only workers of legal age were found to be working in the factory.[2] Workers at the factory are forced to work up to 7 days a week and 100-200 hours of overtime a month, in clear violation of Chinese labor law. Exhaustion is a common problem amongst workers at the factory, and they are often paid wages below the legal minimum, especially probationary (new) workers. [3] While some workers are paid the legal minimum wage of 750 yuan/month, the system in place to pay overtime wages does not pay for more than 3 hours of overtime a day, even though workers are forced to work longer in order to make the daily production quotas. [4] Because of the repetitive nature of the factory work and the extreme long hours, besides exhaustion, workers suffer from repetitive motion injuries, and neck, shoulder, and back pain are common. [4] The problem is exacerbated by the management policy that fines workers for moving their chairs from a yellow line painted on the floor to make all chairs placed in a straight line, a policy even worse for smaller employees who are not close enough to reach their work tables comfortably. [4] Workers are not provided with hazard or safety training or face masks and inhale fumes produced by soldering. [5] Workers at the Yonghong factory are not permitted to stop working there, despite the Chinese labor law code which allows for resignation with one-month prior notice. Employees complain that management refuses to look at their applications of resignation. [5] Workers sleep in rooms with 12 people in the dormitories, and they expressed concerns to SACOM interviewers about the quality and cleanliness of the food provided to them. [6]

Lite-On Xuji Electronics Co., Ltd. Is a keyboard manufacturer based in Dongguan, China. The factory was founded in 1995, and while Dell is its major buyer, Lite-On Xuji sells keyboards to Acer, Apple, Foxconn, Gateway, HP, IBM, Lenovo, Logitech, Microsoft, NEC, Sony, and Toshiba.[7] According to a 2008 report conducted by SACOM and Bread for All, the factory employed 3000 workers who work between 10 and 12 hours a day.[7] The factory began paying workers legal wages and overtime wages in 2008, while they had been paying illegally low wages in 2006 and 2007.[8] However, workers continue to work more than 100 overtime hours per month, well about the legal limit of 36 overtime hours monthly.[8] Due to long hours standing, repetitive tasks, and high work speed, workers suffer from swollen legs, back pain, and other repetitive motion injuries, as well as irritation from paint and paint thinner fumes name="high tech 31-2"> Jenny Chan, the Research Team of SACOM, and Bread for All. May 2008. “High Tech – No Rights? A One Year Follow-up Report on Working Conditions in China’s Electronic Hardware Sector.” P. 31-2.</ref>. Despite these problems, Xuji factory has no program in place to “identify, evaluate, and control the hazards that arise from physically demanding work.”[8] Management threatens workers who make mistakes with the possibility of the withdrawal of factory client orders. name="high tech 31"> Jenny Chan, the Research Team of SACOM, and Bread for All. May 2008. “High Tech – No Rights? A One Year Follow-up Report on Working Conditions in China’s Electronic Hardware Sector.” P. 31.</ref> Worker dormitories are very crowded and noisy, housing 16 workers per room, who must share all facilities in common and often have trouble sleeping due to noise. name="high tech 32"> Jenny Chan, the Research Team of SACOM, and Bread for All. May 2008. “High Tech – No Rights? A One Year Follow-up Report on Working Conditions in China’s Electronic Hardware Sector.” P. 32.</ref> While workers were not aware of their labor rights under the EICC, they still “expressed the urgent need” for safety training as well as shortened standing work hours or at least longer breaks and rest periods. name="high tech 32"> Jenny Chan, the Research Team of SACOM, and Bread for All. May 2008. “High Tech – No Rights? A One Year Follow-up Report on Working Conditions in China’s Electronic Hardware Sector.” P. 32.</ref>

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Country 2 Revenue 2 Profit 2 Assets 2 Employees 2
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Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Jenny Chan, the Research Team of Students and Scholars Against Corporate Misbehavior (SACOM) and Chantal Peyer (Bread for All). “High Tech – No Rights? A One Year Follow Up Report on Working Conditions in China’s Electronic Hardware Sector.” May 2008. p. 10. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name ".E2.80.9Dhightech.E2.80.9D" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name ".E2.80.9Dhightech.E2.80.9D" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name ".E2.80.9Dhightech.E2.80.9D" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name ".E2.80.9Dhightech.E2.80.9D" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name ".E2.80.9Dhightech.E2.80.9D" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name ".E2.80.9Dhightech.E2.80.9D" defined multiple times with different content
  2. Jenny Chan, the Research Teach of SACOM, and Bread for All. May 2008. “High Tech – No Rights? A One Year Follow-Up Report on Working Conditions in China’s Electronic Hardware Sector.” P. 11
  3. Jenny Chan, the Research Teach of SACOM, and Bread for All. May 2008. “High Tech – No Rights? A One Year Follow-Up Report on Working Conditions in China’s Electronic Hardware Sector.” P. 12
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Jenny Chan, the Research Teach of SACOM, and Bread for All. May 2008. “High Tech – No Rights? A One Year Follow-Up Report on Working Conditions in China’s Electronic Hardware Sector.” P. 13
  5. 5.0 5.1 Jenny Chan, the Research Teach of SACOM, and Bread for All. May 2008. “High Tech – No Rights? A One Year Follow-Up Report on Working Conditions in China’s Electronic Hardware Sector.” P. 14 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "high_tech_14" defined multiple times with different content
  6. Jenny Chan, the Research Teach of SACOM, and Bread for All. May 2008. “High Tech – No Rights? A One Year Follow-Up Report on Working Conditions in China’s Electronic Hardware Sector.” P. 14-15
  7. 7.0 7.1 Jenny Chan, the Research Team of SACOM, and Bread for All. May 2008. “High Tech – No Rights? A One Year Follow-up Report on Working Conditions in China’s Electronic Hardware Sector.” P. 30.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Jenny Chan, the Research Team of SACOM, and Bread for All. May 2008. “High Tech – No Rights? A One Year Follow-up Report on Working Conditions in China’s Electronic Hardware Sector.” P. 31.

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