Paradip Port

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Paradip Port is a natural, deep-water port on the east coast of India in the Jagatsinghpur district of Odisha, India. It is administered by the Paradip Port Trust (PPT), an autonomous corporation wholly owned by the Government of India.

Among India's 12 major government-owned ports, Paradip is the largest in terms of thermal coal imports.


The port is situated at the confluence of the Mahanadi river and the Bay of Bengal.

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Paradip Port is a multipurpose port with a total cargo handling capacity of 108.5 million metric tons as of 2014. Its 14 berths have a draft of up to 14.5 meters and can accommodate vessels up to 95,000 dwt (deadweight tonnage).[1]

The fully automated coal handling plant, originally commissioned in 2001, can handle up to 21 million metric tons of coal imports per annum.[2] A 2012 Coal Age survey of Indian coal ports states that "The Port of Paradip’s two coal berths are a total of 520 m long with alongside depth of 15 m. Handling thermal coal, the berths can accommodate vessels to 260 m long and up to 60,000-75,000 DWT."[3]

Coal imports at Paradip have been steadily increasing in recent years. It was reported that coal imports through Paradip Port rose four fold in December 2011 compared to the same period in 2010. Total non-coking coal imports in December 2011 stood at 420,459 tonne against only 93,920 tonne imported in the same month in 2010.[4] Between April and December 2014, Paradip imported more thermal coal and coking coal than any other government-owned port in India. Numbers were up 21% and 7%, respectively, from the same period in 2013.[5] In August 2014, a 16% surge in coal import traffic at Paradip was reported to be causing major congestion, with a backlog of 27 ships waiting for less than half that number of berths. G.P Biswal, deputy conservator of Paradip port, was quoted by Reuters as saying, "We're 100 percent houseful. We're not able to cope with the sudden increase in traffic."[6]


Ambitious expansion plans at Paradip call for the port's overall capacity to increase to 270 million metric tons per annum by 2023. The planned expansion includes construction of a new western dock complex whose six berths will have a combined capacity of 75 mtpa. Draft at the new berths and several existing berths will be increased to 17.1 meters, allowing the port to accommodate capesize vessels of up to 185,000 tons. At least one new coal berth with capacity of 10 mtpa[7][8] is planned as part of the expansion.

Kakinada Seaports Coal Terminal

In November 2009, the Indian multinational Essar Group was awarded a 30-year concession for the development of a new all-weather, deep draft coal berth at Paradip Port on a BOT (build-operate-transfer) basis. India's Ministry of Environment & Forest (MOEF) approved the new berth in 2012, and Essar reported that the new, mechanized coal berth was to be one of the most advanced of its type in India, with a length of 370m and an annual handling capacity of 14 to 18 million tonnes.[9][10]

However, delays in Paradip Port Trust's handover of land for the project created funding challenges for Essar, and the deal was ultimately scrapped. In 2017, Paradip's port authority accepted fresh bids for the project, and a consortium led by Kakinada Seaports won the right to develop and operate a deep water coal terminal with the capacity to load 10 million tonnes of coking coal per year. Estimated cost of the project is Rs 655.56 crore (RS 6.5556 billion).[11]

JSW Paradip East Quay Coal Terminal

In 2016, Paradip Port Trust announced that the port had used 100% of its 21 MMTPA installed coal handling capacity in FY2014-15, and that it was planning to mechanize three of its existing East Quay berths (EQ1, EQ2 & EQ3) to enhance capacity and handle fully laden Panamax vessels.[12]

JSW Infrastructure has acquired the right to redevelop the existing EQ1, EQ2 and EQ3 terminals to create the Paradip East Quay Coal Terminal Pvt. Ltd, a new facility capable of handling 30 million tonnes of coal per year by 2020. The proposed East Quay Coal Terminal will have a 686m-long quay, with berths deepened and strengthened to accommodate large cape size vessels. The terminal will handle exports and coastal movement of domestic coal from Mahanadi Coal Fields.[13][14]

Project Details

  • Operator: Paradip Port Trust (PPT)
  • Location: Jagatsinghpur district, Odisha, India
  • Existing Coal Capacity (Tonnes per annum): 21 million
  • Additional Proposed Coal Capacity (Tonnes per annum): 40 million (30 mtpa from JSW Terminal; 10 mtpa from Kakinada Seaports terminal)
  • Status: Proposed expansion
  • Type: Coal imports
  • Projected in service:
  • Cost of expansion:
  • Financing for expansion:
  • Coal Source:

Articles and Resources


  1. "Paradip Port Trust" Paradip Port Trust website, accessed February 2015
  2. "Know Your Port" Paradip Port Trust website, accessed February 2018.
  3. "The Coal Terminals of India ", Coal Age, April 30, 2012.
  4. "Thermal coal imports via Paradip rise four fold" Sadananda Mohapatra, Business Standard, January 9, 2011.
  5. "Indian Apr-Dec thermal coal imports via 12 major ports up 18% on year" The Shipping Tribune, January 7, 2015.
  6. "India's coal import rush leads to port congestion" Reuters, September 22, 2014.
  7. "Paradip Port to invest 16,000 cr on capacity expansion" LiveMint, June 7, 2014.
  8. "Paradip Port on a robust expansion mode" MarineLink, June 9, 2014.
  9. "Essar's Paradip Coal Berth receives final Environmental and Forest approval" Essar media release, July 11, 2012.
  10. "Paradip Coal Terminal" Essar Ports website, accessed February 2015.
  11. "Kakinada Seaports consortium wins bid to develop coal terminal at Paradip" The Hindu Business Line, August 1, 2017.
  12. "Major Achievements" Paradip Port Trust, June 13, 2016.
  13. "About Paradip Port" JSW Infrastructure website, accessed February 2018.
  14. "JSW Infra ready to invest ₹7,000 cr to expand cargo handling capacity" The Hindu Business Line, September 21, 2017.

Related SourceWatch Articles

External Articles

Wikipedia also has an article on Paradip Port. This article may use content from the Wikipedia article under the terms of the GFDL.