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|This article is part of the CoalSwarm coverage of Pakistan and coal.|
Port Qasim (Urdu: بندر گاہ محمد بن قاسم Bandara gāh muham'mad ban qāsim), also known as Port Muhammad Bin Qasim, is a seaport in Karachi, Pakistan, on the coastline of the Arabian Sea. It is Pakistan's second busiest port, handling about 35% of the nation's cargo (17 million metric tons per annum). Imports include coal for steel mills.
It is the site of the Pakistan International Bulk Terminal, a coal terminal planned for operation in 2016.
Port Qasim is adjacent to Bin Qasim town, in the southern part of Malir district, Karachi division, in Sindh. It is located in an old channel of the Indus River at a distance of 35 kilometers east of Karachi city center.
Port Qasim and Karachi Port, the busiest port of country, together handle more than 90% of all external trade of Pakistan.
The port encompasses a total area of 12,000 acres (49 km2) wherein many industrial zones operate. In addition to the Pakistan Steel Mills (PSM) and KESC Bin Qasim Power Plant, around 80% of the Pakistan's automotive industry is located at Port Qasim. The port also provides direct waterfront access to two major nearby industrial areas, Export Processing Zone (Landhi) and Korangi Industrial Area. Approximately 60% of country's export and import is originated from these areas. Port Qasim is managed by Port Qasim Authority, a semi-autonomous government body.
The major cargo groups include iron ore, edible oils, containers, coal, rice, jute, and grain.
The Iron Ore and Coal berth at the port was commissioned in 1980. It has a specialized berth for handling Iron Ore, Coal & Manganese for Pakistan Steel Mills. The design capacity of the berth stands at 3.36 million tonnes per annum.
Proposed coal terminal
According to a June 2014 article in Business Recorder, Asiapak Investments (J Energy Pvt Ltd Pakistan) and Dongfang Electric Corporation signed a Memorandum of Agreement to build a 1320-megawatt (MW) coal plant comprising six 220 MW units at Bin Qasim, Karachi. The project is aimed at commercial operation in the first quarter of 2018. Asiapak is also partnering with international companies to establish coal import and handling infrastructure at Port Qasim with 10 million tonnes per annum throughput capacity.
In October 2016 the Sindh Environmental Protection Agency rejected the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) of the proposed 4.5-kilometres-long coal conveyor system and coal yard at the Port of Qasim. Villagers and the Bin Qasim Association of Trade and Industry, representing over 70 business owners, objected to the likely pollution from the project and doubted the availability of water for the plant.
It is unclear if the proposal is separate from the Pakistan International Bulk Terminal, a coal terminal at Port Qasim sponsored by Marine Group of Companies and planned for operation in 2016.
- Operator: Port Qasim Authority
- Location: Port Qasim, Pakistan
- Existing Coal Capacity (Million tonnes per annum): 3.36 (coal, iron ore, and manganese for Pakistan steel mills)
- Additional Proposed Capacity (Million tonnes per annum): 10 (for proposed coal plant in Pakistan)
- Status: Proposed expansion
- Projected In Service:
- Type: Imports
- Source of Coal:
- Cost of Expansion:
- Financing for Expansion:
Articles and Resources
- "Port Muhammad Bin Qasim" World Port Source, accessed October 27, 2011.
- "Port facilities," Port Qasim Authority, accessed June 2015
- "1320 megawatts coal-fired power plant at Bin Qasim: Asiapak Investment, Dongfang Electric China sign MoA," Business Recorder, June 6, 2014
- "Sepa rejects EIA report of Port Qasim’s Rs13bn coal project," Dawn, Oct 26, 2016
Related SourceWatch articles
- International Energy Agency, "Coal in Pakistan in 2006", International Energy Agency website, accessed August 2009.
- U.S. Geological Survey, "The Mineral Industry of Pakistan", reports 1994-2007.
- Chin S. Kuo, "The Mineral Industry of Pakistan: 2007, U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, April 2009.
- "Thar coal reserves can turn around Pakistani fortunes," Steel Guru, 2/5/09.
- "Sindh: UAE, Korea to set up 1,000 MW coal power plant", Pakistan Realog, July 22, 2009.
- "Thar Coal Project", Industry & Economy, undated, accessed May 2010.