Simhadri Power Station

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Simhadri Power Station is a 2,000-megawatt (MW) coal plant in Andhra Pradesh, India.

An additional 1,320 MW has been proposed.

Location

The undated satellite photo below shows the power station in Vizag village, in the district of Visakhapatnam.

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Background

Simhadri Power Station is a 2,000 MW coal plant located in Andhra Pradesh, India. The plant comprises four units:[1]

  • Unit 1 - 500 MW - commissioned February 2002
  • Unit 2 - 500 MW - commissioned August 2002
  • Unit 3 - 500 MW - commissioned March 2011
  • Unit 4 - 500 MW - commissioned March 24, 2012[2][3]

New unit

In March 2015 NTPC said it was planning an expansion of its 2,000 MW Simhadri Power Station at Parawada. The company is exploring various options, including construction of a super critical unit adjacent to the existing plant, to generate about 660-1,000 MW.[4]

In October 2015 it was reported that NTPC was seeking land for a 2 x 660 MW expansion.[5]

In June 2016, the Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS)-Mumbai was appointed to conduct the Social Impact Assessment (SIA) study for the 2 x 660 MW expansion.[6]

As of December 2018 the project has not received any needed permits, and plans appear shelved.

2010: Ash spill

Due to rainfall, the second ash pond of the Simhadri Power Station overflowed, contaminating adjacent land with saline water and coal combustion ash, according to residents of Devada village in Paravada mandal. The size of the area affected was put at 150 acres by residents and at 50 acres by NTPC officials. The accident affected vegetable crops, casurina, and cashe nuts.[7]

Citizen opposition

According to a February 2012 report in The Times of India, the Pollution Control Board (PCB) of Andhra Pradesh issued notices to NTPC for violating pollution limits and ordered the company to set aside Rs 3 crore as bank guarantee toward welfare measures for the affected people. According to PCB officials, the company was dumping fly ash on nearby areas and also letting it mix into sea water, thereby polluting local fisheries. Repeated protests by citizens brought the problem to public attention. PCB has set up a regional task for for the north coastal and both Godavari districts to monitor pollution.[8]

In June 2012, it was reported that more than 10 fishermen and others were injured during a protest near the Simhadri Power Station as the group staged a demonstration against pollution caused by the thermal station, while seeking retribution settlements. The Hindu reported that "The demonstration turned violent as the fishermen started throwing stones at the Central Industrial Security Force personnel, according to sources. Then, the CISF opened several rounds of fire in the air to quell the mob at the project site. Fishermen from the nearby villages tried to stall pipeline-laying work for the seawater pump house project for second phase of NTPC Simhadri thermal project."[9]

Project Details

Sponsor: NTPC
Location: Vizag village, Vishakhapatnam district, Andhra Pradesh[1]
Coordinates: 17.591, 83.09166 (exact)[1]
Status: Units 1-4: Operating; Unit 5: Shelved
Capacity: 2000 MW (Units 1-4: 500 MW), plus 1,320 MW (Units 5&6: 660 MW)
Type: Supercritical (Unit 5)
Projected in service:
Coal Source:
Estimated annual CO2:
Source of financing:
Permits and applications: Environmental clearance for Units 1-4, India MoEF, Aug 1, 2007

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