South Carolina and fracking
|This article is part of the FrackSwarm coverage of fracking.|
South Carolina has no oil or gas reserves, according to the EIA's 2013 state profile.
Offshore South Carolina has methane hydrate reserves, also known as fire ice. The methane hydrate is not typical natural gas. . According to the U.S. Department of Energy, methane hydrate chief constituent is natural gas. It is encased in ice. Cold and gravity create a high pressure situation. When methane hydrate is warmed or depressurized, it will revert back to water and natural gas. 
The process to extract the methane hydrate is different than hydraulic fracturing. But both processes inject fluid at high pressure.
In January 2014, 300 residents of Kure Beach, North Carolina protested Mayor Dean Lambeth's decision to sign a letter, written by America's Energy Forum part of the American Petroleum Institute, supporting seismic testing for future offshore oil and gas drilling. The seismic testing is part of a plan to open an area 50 miles off the East Coast from Virginia to Georgia to oil and gas drilling by 2022. 
- "Methane hydrate offshore is tempting, perilous natural gas" By Bo Peterson , The Post Courier January 5, 2014.
- "Methane HydrateM" By U.S. Department of Energy. Retrieved September 18, 2015.
- "NC town called 'ground zero' in offshore drilling fight shows political cost of backing Big Oil over local jobs" Facing South, January 2016.
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