Tanzania and coal

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This article is part of the CoalSwarm coverage of Tanzania and coal.

Tanzania, a country located in East Africa, possesses a considerable resource of low sulphur coal. Currently coal is exploited only on a small scale at Kiwira Coal Mine that operates in the Songwe-Kiwira Coalfield. There is potential for export to neighbouring African and Indian Ocean countries.[1]

Coal mining projects

Kiwira Coal Mine

In June 2011, China Energy and Mines minister William Ngeleja said the country will invest $400 million in Tanzania’s Kiwira coal mine project estimated to generate 200 megawatts of electricity. The money comes under a soft loan arrangement. Five groups, including Tanzania's National Social Security Fund, applied to run the project, before the government accepted China’s offer.[2] It was announced in September 2011 that the mine would be run by the Chinese government, which invested 400 million US dollars in the mining project.[3]

Mchuchuma Coal Mine

In September 2011 China's Sichuan Hongda Co. Ltd. signed a $3 billion deal with Tanzania to mine coal and iron ore in Tanzania. The investment involves construction of the Mchuchuma Coal Mine and an accompanying 600-megawatt (MW) thermal power station. It is estimated that Mchuchuma coal deposits have more than 480 million tonnes of coal reserves.[4]

Proposed coal-fired stations

Citizens Groups Campaigning on Climate Change

Articles and Resources


  1. "Sea B Gems" Tanzania Coal, accessed September 22, 2011.
  2. David Malingha Doya, "China Plans to Invest $400 Million in Tanzanian Coal Mine, Daily News Says" Bloomberg, June 26, 2011.
  3. "China to run Kiwira Mine" Daily News, Leonard Mwakalebela, September 22, 2011.
  4. "China co signs $3 bln Tanzania coal, iron deal" Fumbuka Ng'wanakilala, Reuters, September 22, 2011.

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