True the Vote
True the Vote is a Houston-based vote-monitoring initiative committed to stopping voter fraud with a "horrendous record of filing inaccurate voter registration challenges." Many believe that the organization's activities are aimed at voter suppression and a right-wing agenda to further a new administration. TTV trains volunteers to monitor elections and report incidents of voter fraud. It also holds local rallies to promote "voter ID" laws, which it staunchly supports. TTV has been accused of voter intimidation and advancing hysterical claims about the pervasiveness of voter fraud. TTV's current president is Catherine Englebrecht, who is also the founder of the King Street Patriots, a Tea Party 501(c)(4) group based in Texas.
- 1 News and Controversies
- 1.1 Businessman Fredric Eshelman sues True the Vote for dropping legal actions after 2020 election
- 1.2 Ad Campaign Warning Against Election Chaos
- 1.3 True the Vote Sues Nevada Over Vote-by-Mail
- 1.4 True the Vote Organizes Navy SEAL Poll Watchers
- 1.5 True the Vote Spreads Misinformation about 2020 Elections
- 1.6 True the Vote Files Suit Against IRS
- 1.7 Is True the Vote really Nonpartisan?
- 1.8 2011-2012 Wisconsin Recall Effort
- 1.9 2010 Election Cycle
- 2 Voter Fraud and Voter I.D. Laws
- 3 History
- 4 Funding
- 5 Core Financials
- 6 Personnel
- 7 Contact Information
- 8 Articles and Resources
- 9 References
News and Controversies
Businessman Fredric Eshelman sues True the Vote for dropping legal actions after 2020 election
Following the November 2020 presidential election, True the Vote "promised to file lawsuits in seven swing states as part of its push to 'investigate, litigate, and expose suspected illegal balloting and fraud in the 2020 general election'."
North Carolina businessman Fredric Eshelman donated $2.5 million to True the Vote in the weeks following the election. According to Eshelman's lawsuit, his money went towards a True the Vote project called "Validate the Vote", which "included filing lawsuits in seven swing states, collecting whistleblower complaints, galvanizing Republican legislative support in key states, and conducting 'sophisticated data modeling and statistical analysis to identify potential illegal or fraudulent balloting'".
True the Vote initially filed four lawsuits following the November 3, 2020 election, but had dropped all of them by November 17, 2020. Eshelman then sued the organization, claiming "he 'regularly and repeatedly' asked for updates on the project but his 'requests were consistently met with vague responses, platitudes, and empty promises'".
Eschelman named Gregg Phillips in his suit. Phillips was a True the Vote board member from 2015 to 2017 and "is best known as the original source of Trump’s bogus claim that millions of undocumented immigrants voted in the 2016 presidential election, costing Trump the national popular vote. In his lawsuit, Eschelman accused Phillips of diverting funds from True the Vote to create a group called OPSEC Group LLC. Additionally, "Eshelman’s lawyers alleged that Engelbrecht, the True the Vote president, is Phillips’s lover and that the pair actively conspired to defraud credulous conservative donors with talk of plans to detect voter fraud despite having no intention or ability to follow through."
Ad Campaign Warning Against Election Chaos
In September 2020, True the Vote began an ad campaign in Michigan, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, and Texas "warning that House Speaker Nancy Pelosi could emerge as commander-in-chief next year if citizens don’t vote in-person in November". The organization claimed it had "tens of thousands" of volunteers "who are looking to ensure that ballots are securely cast and counted" and will open a "command center" in early October to answer questions and receive reports of elections concerns from voters.
True the Vote Sues Nevada Over Vote-by-Mail
In April of 2020, True the Vote filed suit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Nevada over the state's plan to hold a universal vote-by-mail election in response to the COVID-19 Pandemic. The lawsuit claimed that mail-in voting enables fraud and violates citizens' right to vote. A judge from Reno, Nevada rejected the lawsuit, writing "Their claim of voter fraud is without any factual basis. Plaintiffs cannot demonstrate a burden upon their voting rights, only an imposition upon their preference for in-person voting.”
True the Vote has filed a similar lawsuit in New Mexico.
At an election strategy conference sponsored by the Council for National Policy in early 2020, True the Vote Founder Catherine Engelbrecht introduced the "Continue to Serve" initiative. "Continue to Serve" is a reprise of the once-banned practice of using former soldiers and police officers as poll watchers. The ban, imposed in 1981 after an effort by the Republican National Convention to intimidate Black voters, was lifted in 2018 after a New Jersey judge declined to renew it. Similar to the 1981 RNC effort, "Continue to Serve" is also targeted at polls in “inner city” and predominantly Native American communities. True the Vote has since published a "Continue to Serve" sign-up form on its website.
True the Vote Spreads Misinformation about 2020 Elections
In May of 2020, two Republican members of the U.S. Election Assistance Commission joined the True the Vote podcast "Red, White, and True News" to discourage mail-in voting. Christy McCormick and Don Palmer spoke with Founder Catherine Engelbrecht, casting doubt on the reliability of mail-in voting. Palmer, a Trump appointee to the Election Assistance Commission, falsely claimed that mail-in voting is ripe with fraud. Both McCormick and Palmer have a history of perpetuating disenfranchisement.
True the Vote Files Suit Against IRS
On May 21, 2013, True the Vote filed a complaint  against the Internal Revenue Service to "force a decision in court" of whether its 3-year-pending application for 501(c)3 tax-exempt status should be approved.  This complaint arose from the IRS pattern of targeting organizations containing the words "Tea Party" or "patriot," which the IRS claimed was a method of centralizing a large influx of nonprofit applications between 2010 and 2012.  While the IRS did admit that mistakes were made in the categorization and review process, it is likely that True the Vote has rightly been scrutinized since its inception in 2010.  Many media sources identify 2012 as the year when targeted IRS investigations and abuses occurred, but True the Vote's status has been questioned since its inception in 2010.  While a 501(c)4 Tea Party group, such as the King Street Patriots may engage in some political activity, a 501(c)3 status is an absolute bar against any campaign or partisan activity. 
Is True the Vote really Nonpartisan?
Questions about whether True the Vote is really a "charity" refraining from political activity (necessary to be considered a 501(c)3 nonprofit) arise as early as its partisan roots.  A 2010 video announcing True the Vote's launch begins with right-wing activist David Horowitz telling the camera that "Republicans have to win by at least three percent in order to win an election," since Democrats are likely to case fraudulent votes. Further, True the Vote's activities largely consist of training Tea Partiers  to act as "poll watchers," some of whom have been accused of voter intimidation. 
At the time of True the Vote's "poll watching" activities in Harris County, Texas during the November 2010 elections the organization was described as a "project" of the Houston-based Tea Party group the King Street Patriots. As a result of a 2010 lawsuit filed against the King Street Patriots by the state Democratic Party, a Texas judge ruled that the organization was an unregistered PAC rather than the nonprofit corporation that it claimed, and that it unlawfully provided in-kind donations to the state Republican Party.  The judge's ruling was based in part on True the Vote's voter intimidation practices and the parent organization's close ties to the state Republican Party.
In fact, in 2012, True the Vote contributed $5000 to the Republican State Leadership Committee. This overtly political statement would legally, according to tax lawyers specializing in election law, disqualify a nonprofit from 501(c)3 tax-exempt status.  Additionally, the coordinator of Code Red USA has identified True the Vote as a partner in the nation-wide effort to flood the polling places with conservative observers.  In 2012, Democratic House Representative, Elijah E. Cummings, sent a letter to Catherine Engelbrecht requesting information about the data used by True the Vote to challenge voter registrations, the training provided to volunteers, and the method of choosing voter jurisdictions to monitor.  This request was made to investigate serious allegations of True the Vote's political agenda and possible criminal conspiracy to deny legitimate voters their constitutional rights.
2011-2012 Wisconsin Recall Effort
In 2012, True the Vote joined several other Tea Party groups in "Verify the Recall", an effort that opposes the 2012 recall of Wisconsin governor Scott Walker. True the Vote provided software which it had previously applied to check signatures in petitions in Texas.  In order to electronically check over 1 million petition signatures, which had previously been posted online by Wisconsin's Government Accountability Board  True the Vote recruited thousands of volunteers (mostly out of state) to manually enter signatures into True the Vote's electronic database. True the Vote claims to have recruited over 13,000 volunteers.  True the Vote has stated that this effort is both "nonpartisan"  and "not about politics"  but their website has run at least two stories suggesting that fraud is "rampant" in the recall effort, and frame the effort as decidedly political. In their own words "we should not believe the claims of union-supporters and anti-Walker operatives who say that they collected more than one million signatures on petitions to recall Governor Scott Walker." .
On February 28th, Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker called for the data gathered by the "Verify the Recall" effort to be used as an official challenge of the recall. This data was gathered and compiled entirely by True the Vote. True the Vote's executive summary claimed that only 534,865 signatures gathered during the recall effort were valid. . There is evidence that True the Vote used a flawed process to discount signatures on the ballot, and that most of the signatures they discounted are, in fact, accurate.
In the days before the June 5th, 2012 recall election between Tom Barrett and Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker, True the Vote announced that they would be training volunteers to monitor polling places throughout Wisconsin, both online  and at a small number of locations throughout the state  True the Vote claimed that hundreds of people showed up for training and later monitored the polls in Wisconsin,  and that these monitors were necessary due to "discrepancies" in the recall petition process as well as "Wisconsin’s long history of election fraud." True the Vote pledged to man every polling place in Wisconsin on the day of the recall election, which drew sharp criticism from the Barret Campaign 
Throughout the Wisconsin recall, True the Vote has worked in concert with a group of local Tea Party groups including the "Wisconsin Grandsons of Liberty" and "We the People of the Republic", which helped True the Vote launch its recall signature verification efforts. . True the Vote's efforts during the recall election itself were conducted with an unnamed group of tea party organizations throughout Wisconsin.
2010 Election Cycle
True the Vote's activities during the 2010 election cycle were largely confined to Harris County, the largest and poorest county in Texas. Ms. Engelbrecht claimed that the group settled on that particular district based on the thousands of addresses that housed six or more registered voters.  True the Vote claims that it uncovered numerous examples of voter fraud including claims like: "Vacant lots had several voters registered on them. An eight-bed halfway house had more than 40 voters registered at its address."  However, The Harris County assistant attorney could recall only one case where True the Vote had identified the address of a vacant lot where eight to ten people were registered to vote.  True the Vote found no hard evidence of intentional voter fraud. True the Vote considers their operations in Harris County a success, and claims to have recruited almost 1,000 volunteers to supervise polling places in Texas. 
True the Vote's trained "poll watchers" did, however, draw accusations of voter intimidation during the 2010 elections as they would hover behind people as they cast their ballots, get into election worker's faces, and block or disrupt lines of voters.  During the election, the Texas Democratic Party accused True the Vote of voter intimidation in largely Hispanic and African-American polling areas.  After the November 2010 elections, the Civil Rights division of the U.S. Department of Justice launched an investigation into the group and its alleged voter intimidation efforts.
Voter Fraud and Voter I.D. Laws
True the Vote's website portrays voter fraud as largely a Democratic party problem. It routinely runs stories on election fraud being perpetrated by "liberals," or "Democrats"  but has, to date, never run a story on Republican or Conservative instances of voter fraud.
True the Vote's methods of "preventing voter fraud" are reminiscent of the controversial "ballot security" measures utilized by the Republican National Committee in the early 1980s. Accused of violating the Voting Rights Act through its aggressive presence at polling locations and attempts to deter voters believed to be ineligible, the RNC settled a federal lawsuit by a consent decree agreeing to stop ballot security measures in minority precincts. Similarly, many view True the Vote's activities as an attempt to build a nationwide army to suppress voters at the ballot, and True the Vote's main activities appear to be targeted at precincts such as Harris County, TX with large populations of minority voters.
Like many groups pushing for strict Voter ID Laws, True the Vote claims that Voter Fraud is widespread and deliberate, and largely substantiates these claims through individual testimony.  The results of serious policy studies into voter fraud reveal that intentional voter fraud is "even rarer than being struck by lightening or winning the mega-millions.  In a study conducted by the Department of Justice in 2005, the DOJ identified only 55 cases of convicted voter fraud throughout all 50 states during a 3 year period.  The Brennan Center for Justice at New York University compiled a study identifying the irrationality and rarity of actual voter fraud in 2006.  View Full Study Here
Englebrecht herself has testified before Congress on behalf of the King Street Patriots, claiming unsubstantiated instances of voter fraud that she and her trained volunteers witnessed.  These claims are not supported with hard evidence or factual research.
Hand in hand with these far-reaching claims of voter fraud, True the Vote argues for stronger Voter ID Laws in every State, and resists attempts to relax or remove Voter ID laws. On December 13th, 2011, they held a rally in Austin, Texas to support a stricter ID law passed earlier that year.  On January 20th, 2011 they held a similar rally to protest the invalidation of a South Carolina law requiring picture ID's at the polls (The Justice Department is empowered to invalidate voting laws in South Carolina due to a provision in the 1965 Voting Rights Act.) Both Rallies strongly criticized Attorney General Eric Holder.
In 2011, True the Vote posted an article on its website claiming that US attorney General Eric Holder supported a plan by the NAACP "to involve the United Nations in U.S. elections." referencing a protest the NAACP held across the street from the UN in December of 2011, and a related petition filed with the UN. Holder gave the protest and the petition no formal support, but True the Vote's press release made it seem like Holder was advocating direct UN involvement in American elections, asking ""Are you ready to have U.N. blue helmets outside your polling place?" This article earned True the Vote a "pants on fire" rating from Politifact.com.  Blue Helmets resembling those worn by the UN Peacekeeping forces are now commonly worn at True the Vote rallies.
True the Vote's 2012 national summit in Houston largely centered on claims of voter fraud. Speakers included ACORN "whistleblower" Anita Moncrief, Hans Von Spakovsky of the Heritage Foundation, who insisted that "United States has a long history of voter fraud that has been documented by historians and journalists," and Fox News contributor Pat Caddell, who called opposition to voter ID Laws "the demise of our democracy" and "Slow motion suicide.” 
True the Vote claims to be nonpartisan, but began as an outgrowth of the King Street Patriots a nonprofit tea party organization mostly active in Texas. Several members of the King Street Patriots, including their president Catherine Englebrecht, were dissatisfied with the voting process in Harris County Texas during the 2008 election, especially the shortage of poll workers, which they believed "invited fraud and other problems at the polls."  During the 2010 election season, True the Vote trained over a thousand volunteers to monitor elections in Texas.
From the 2014 fiscal year through 2018, nonprofits identified by CMD contributed at least $687,000 to voter suppression group True the Vote. These funders include:
- Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation: $195,000
- Bradley Impact Fund: $171,700
- Greater Houston Community Foundation: $139,000
- DonorsTrust: $50,000
- Fidelity Charitable: $49,700
- Vanguard Charitable: $38,000
- Schwab Charitable Foundation: $20,200
- Wodecroft Foundation: $8,000
- Lawrence and Sandra Post Family Foundation: $4,500
- Gogo Foundation: $4,000
- McLin Family Foundation: $2,000
- Eric Javitz Family Foundation: $2,000
- Crawford Family Foundation: $2,000
- Richard and Beth Sackler Foundation: $1,200
Total Revenue: $423,535
Total Expenses: $563,388
Net Assets: $54,107
Total Revenue: $434,795
Total Expenses: $435,728
Net Assets: $99,244
Total Revenue: $940,766
Total Expenses: $816,820
Net Assets: Not Listed
Total Revenue: $1,193,219
Total Expenses: $1,317,727
Net Assets: $-23,769
Total Revenue: $1,359,081
Total Expenses: $1,379,426
Net Assets: $114,219
As of 2017...
- Catherine Engelbrecht, Founder and Executive Director
- Dianne Josephs
- Gregg Phillips
- Brent Mudd
True the Vote
PO Box 3109 #19128
Articles and Resources
How the Left is Positioning to Destroy American Elections
Watching Your State's Mail Ballot Process
IRS Form 990 Filings
- Elijah E. Cummings, Letter to Catherine Engelbrecht, House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, October 4, 2012.
- True the Vote, About, organizational website, accessed February 22, 2012.
- Rachel Slajda, DOJ Probes TX Voter Intimidation Complaints, Talking Points Memo "Muckraker," October 20, 2010.
- Ryan J. Reily, True the Vote says Eric Holder supports NAACP request for United Nations' involvement in U.S. elections, Politifact, January 27, 2012.
- True the Vote, About, organizational website, accessed February 22, 2012.
- Richard Luscombe, "Trump supporter who gave $2.5m to fight election fraud wants money back", The Guardian in Microsoft News, November 30, 2020, accessed December 3, 2020.
- Robert Burnson, "Pro-Trump Group Donor Sues Over Failure to Expose Election Fraud", Bloomberg News, November 25, 2020, accessed December 3, 2020.
- Richard Salame, "Was Election Denial Just a Get-Rich-Quick Scheme? Donors' Lawsuits Look for Answers", Intercept, February 6, 2021, accessed February 24, 2021.
- Ryan Lovelace, "True the Vote launches national ad campaign warning of election chaos", Washington Times, September 16, 2020, accessed September 22, 2020.
- Catherine Engelbrecht True the Vote Sues True the Vote, April 23, 2020
- Jessica Huseman and Mike Spies Ignoring Trump Propublica, May 12, 2020
- Lee Fang and Nick Surgey, Conservatives Float Plan, "The Intercept_", April 11 2020
- Alex Kotch, U.S. Elections "Exposed", June 18, 2020
- True the Vote, [ http://www.truethevote.org/news/true-the-vote-files-suit-against-the-internal-revenue-service True the Vote Files Suit Against the Internal Revenue Service], May 21, 2013.
- Brett LoGiurato,IRS: We Targeted Conservative Groups with Extra Scrutiny--"Mistakes Were Made", Business Insider, May 10, 2013
- Brendan Fischer, True the Vote, the Victim? Voter Vigilante Group Says IRS Targeted its Verify the Recall Effort in Wisconsin PRwatch.org, May 21, 2013.
- Brandon Darby, Multiple Agencies Involved With IRS in Intimidation, Breitbart, May 13, 2013.
- Internal Revenue Service Election Year Activities and the Prohibition on Political Campaign Intervention for Section 501(c)(3) Organizations,IRS.gov, Accessed May 29, 2013
- Brentin Mock,How the Tea Party's Building a 'Poll Watcher' Network for November, Color Lines, August 23,2012.
- Joe Holley, Judge rules tea party group a PAC, not a nonprofit Chron, March 28, 2012.
- Chris Kromm,Nonpartisan? True the Vote Gave $5,000 to Republican State Leadership Committee, Facing South, Accessed May 29, 2013.
- Stephanie Saul, Looking, Very Closely, for Voter Fraud: Conservative Groups Focus on Registration in Swing States, NY Times, September 16, 2012.
- Carl Engleking: Tea Party Ready to do Battle in Court over Recall Signatures Menomonee Falls: Patch Accessed February 22nd, 2012
- Clay Barbour: GAB Posts Walker Recall Petitions Online Despite Privacy Concerns Wisconsin State Journal, Accessed February 22nd, 2012
- True the Vote: Volunteer Accessed February 22nd, 2012
- True the Vote: Volunteer Accessed February 22nd, 2012
- True the Vote: Main page Accessed February 22nd, 2012
- True the Vote: Wisc voter's name fraudulently signed four times Accessed February 22nd, 2012
- Walker Challenge Sworn Written Challenge of Governor Scott K. Walker
- True the Vote: Walker Recall Executive Summary
- Brenden Fischer and William Dooling: True the Vote or Skew the Vote PRWatch, Accessed March 2nd, 2012
- PRNewswire: True the Vote Provides Online Training For Wisconsin for Wisconsin. Published May 26th, 2012. Accessed June 6th, 2012
- PR Newswire: True the Vote & Wisconsin Coalition to Provide election ovserver training published May 16th, 2012. Accessed June 6th, 2012.
- truethevote.org, front page announcement, accessed June 6th, 2012.
- Allison Bauter: Barrett campaign criticizes recall election observers backed by Texas group. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Published June 4th, 2012. Accessed June 6th, 2012.
- Press Release: Verify the Recall Undaunted by the GAB, Accessed June 6th, 2012.
- Ryan J. Reily, In Texas' Biggest County, a Minority Registration Drive is Crippled by Fraud Allegations, Talking Points Muckraker, accessed February 22nd, 2012
- True the Vote: history Accessed February 22nd, 2012
- True the Vote: new yorkers were paid to commit voter fraud Accessed February 22nd, 2012
- True the Vote: True the Vote Joins Effort to True Wisconsin Recall Election Accessed February 22nd, 2012
- Mariah Blake, The Ballot Cops, The Atlantic, September 19, 2012.
- True the Vote: Stories of Voter Fraud Accessed February 22nd, 2012
- Brian Tam,Voter ID Laws Study: Voter Fraud Even Rarer than Odds of Winning Mega Millions, Policymic, Accessed May 29, 2013.
- Youtube: Englebrecht testifies before congress
- Your News Now: AG Holder In Austin vows to enforce Civil rights protections Accessed February 22nd, 2012
- Politifact: True the Vote says Eric Holder Supports NAACP requests Accessed February 22nd, 2012
- Katie Pavlich: Restoring Integrity in America's Elections, the 2012 True the Vote Summit. Townhall.com, posted April 27th, 2012. Accessed June 6th, 2012.
- True the Vote: history Accessed February 22nd, 2012
- Alex Kotch, U.S. Election Assistance "Exposed", June 18th, 2020
- True the Vote, 2017 990F IRS Filing, accessed: August 14, 2020
- True the Vote, 2016 990F IRS Filing, accessed: August 14, 2020
- True the Vote, 2015 990F IRS Filing, accessed: August 14, 2020
- True the Vote, 2014 990F IRS Filing, accessed: August 14, 2020
- True the Vote, 2013 990F IRS Filing, accessed: August 14, 2020