War on NGOs
In recent decades, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) have become powerful voices for democracy, human rights and environmental protection around the world. The "War on NGOs" describes a process by which governments, business groups and conservative think tanks have fought back against this process by trying to delegitamise and disempower NGOs, through both propaganda and legislative means.
War on NGOs in the USA
Since the 1980s, conservative groups in the US have campaigned to defund the left - eliminating government financial support for NGOs deemed to be 'liberal'. This has included campaigns to change tax legislation and lobbying for investigations by the Internal Revenue Service of many NGOs.
In 2003, two right-wing think tanks, the American Enterprise Institute and the Federalist Society for Law and Public Policy Studies established NGOWatch.org, a website to monitor the activities of NGOs. The conference which launched the website was entitled NGOs: The Growing Power of an Unelected Few.
War on NGOs in Australia
In May 2003, the IPA signed a $54,268 contract with the Australian Government to research and write a report on the government's relationship with NGOs.  The IPA's report, The Protocol: managing relations with NGOs was released in April 2004.
War on NGOs in Nepal
In Nepal, King Gyanedra has established a controversial NGO Code of Conduct which limits NGO activities. Since dissolving the national parliament in 2003, the King has wound back a number of democratic rights, including voting. "The code of conduct for NGOs is another onslaught in this systematic attack on democratic forces. It is not the content alone that matters, but the intent behind it as well", said Sapana Pradhan-Malla, a leading lawyer who also heads the Forum for Women, Law, and Development (FWLD).  NGOs fear that the Code will make it almost impossible to investigate and expose the ongoing human rights violations by both the government and the Maoist insurgents who have been fighting a guerrilla war in Nepal since 1996.
War on NGOs in Eastern Europe and Central Asia
In the Czech Republic President Vaclav Klaus has also criticised the work of NGOs in his country, remaking that "I have in mind various manifestations of N.G.O.-ism, of artificial multiculturalism, of radical human right-ism, of aggressive environmentalism. In these activities, I see new ways of endangering and undermining freedom, which those of us who lived in the communist era take very seriously." 
Related Sourcewatch articles
- Conservatives target Greenpeace
- Conservatives target the People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals
- Defund the left
- Intimidating democracy
- Intimidating public interest groups
- Bob Burton, Conservative Think Tank Chips Away at NGO's Role Inter Press Service, June 30, 2004.
- Jim Lobe NGOs in the US firing line, Asia Times, June 14, 2003.
- Jim Lobe US Conservatives Take Aim at NGOs, OneWorld, June 12, 2003.
- Sudeshna Sarkar Nepal King Wages War on NGOs, ISN Security Watch, November 14, 2005.
- Risto Karajkov N.G.O. Bashing Worldpress.org, November 13, 2005
- Sarah Maddison, Richard Denniss & Clive Hamilton Silencing Dissent: Non-government organisations and Australian democracy Australia Insitute, Discussion Paper Number 65, June 2004.
- Kenneth Davidson, The insidious silencing of dissent
- Clive Hamilton Saints or Communists? Non-government Organisations in Australia (Speech), Communities in Control Conference, 2004.
- Clive Hamilton Saints or communists? The threat to non-government organisations in Australia represents a threat to our national democracy Arena Magazine, August, 2004.
- Ravi Tomar Redefining NGOs: the emerging debate, Australian Parliamentary Library, May 2004.