Aleksander Smolar President, Stefan Batory Foundation.
- Chief Advisor to Tadeusz Mazowiecki, the first post-communist, democratically elected Prime Minister of Poland
- Foreign Advisor to the Prime Minister Hanna Suchocka
- Senior Researcher at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris 
- Founding Council Member, European Council on Foreign Relations 
- Editorial Board, Journal of Democracy