Aleksandr[a] Isayevich[b] Solzhenitsyn[c] (/ˌsoʊlʒəˈniːtsɪn, ˌsɒl-/;11 December 1918 – 3 August 2008)was a Russian novelist, historian, and short story writer. He was an outspoken critic of the Soviet Union and communism and helped to raise global awareness of its Gulag forced labor camp system. He was allowed to publish only one work in the Soviet Union, One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich (1962), in the periodical Novy Mir. After this he had to publish in the West, most notably Cancer Ward (1968), August 1914 (1971), and The Gulag Archipelago (1973).
Resources and articles
- Civil Courage Prize
- Templeton Prize for Progress in Religion
- Russian Academy of Natural Sciences