Baku-Novorossiysk Oil Pipeline
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Baku-Novorossiysk Oil Pipeline (also known as the Northern Route Export Pipeline and Northern Early Oil Pipeline) is an 1,330-km long oil pipeline, which runs from the Sangachal Terminal near Baku to the Novorossiysk terminal at the Black Sea coast in Russia. The Azerbaijani section of the pipeline is operated by the State Oil Company of Azerbaijan Republic (SOCAR) and the Russian section is operated by Transneft.
The pipeline originates at the Sangachal Terminal near Baku, Azerbaijan, and terminates at the Novorossiysk terminal at the Black Sea coast in Russia.
- Operator: State Oil Company of Azerbaijan Republic (SOCAR), Transneft
- Current capacity: 105,000 barrels per day
- Length: 1,330-kilometers (830 miles)
- Status: Operating
- Start Year: 1997
A contract on the transportation of Azeri oil via Russia to the Black Sea port of Novorossiysk was signed on 18 February 1996. The trilateral contract was concluded between the Azerbaijan International Operating Company, SOCAR and Transneft. The pipeline was commissioned on 25 October 1997.
On 6 December 2006, after a dispute over natural gas supplies from Russia, Azerbaijan announced that it would stop the exports of Azeri oil through the Baku–Novorossiysk pipeline starting on 1 January 2007. Although SOCAR continued decreased oil supplies through the Baku-Novorossiysk Pipeline, the Azerbaijan International Operating Company stopped using the pipeline starting from 1 April 2007 and SOCAR became the new operator of the Azerbaijani section.  SOCAR temporarily stopped oil supplies through the pipeline in February 2008 due to a pricing disagreement with Transneft. Later that year, the disagreement has been resolved and SOCAR resumed pumping oil on old agreement terms. In August 2008, the transport of oil along the Baku–Novorossiysk pipeline was radically increased due to sabotage in Turkey and the conflict in Georgia forcing a temporary shutdown of the rival Baku-Ceyhan and Baku-Supsa pipelines. As of 2013, the Baku–Novorossiysk pipeline remains operational, although the volume of oil pumped through it is relatively low. In 2012, SOCAR exported a total of 25 million tons of oil along all routes. Among them, only 2 million tons were exported through the Baku–Novorossiysk pipeline. The remaining 20 million and 3 million tons were exported through the Baku-Ceyhan and Baku-Supsa routes, respectively. The crude oil transported through Baku–Novorossiysk pipeline comes from the Chirag oil field#Chirag-1 and Early Oil Project, the first stage of larger Azeri-Chirag-Guneshli (ACG) project.
The Baku–Novorossiysk Pipeline extends to 1,330 km, of which 231 km are laid in Azerbaijan. In Russia the pipeline runs through Dagestan. Originally, it also ran through Chechnya and connected with the existing Grozny–Baku and Grozny–Novorossiysk pipelines. However, during the Second Chechen War the Chechen section of the pipeline was closed and Transneft built a Chechenya bypass loop.
The diameter of the pipeline is 530 mm and the capacity of annual transfer is equal to 5 million tons. In 2009, Azerbaijan pumped 2.55 million tonnes of oil through this pipeline while the volume was only 1.3 million tonnes in 2008
Articles and resources
- S. Aliyev, V. Sharifov (2008-02-06). "SOCAR Becomes Operator of Azerbaijani Section of Baku-Novorossiysk Pipeline", Trend News Agency. Retrieved on 2008-06-08.
- "Transport routes of Azerbaijani oil (Baku-Novorossiysk, Baku-Supsa)", Azerbaijan Portal. Retrieved on 2008-06-08.
- "Confirmed: Azerbaijan to stop using Baku-Novorossiysk pipeline", Mosnews (2006-12-06). Retrieved on 2008-06-08.
- "Azerbaijan decreases oil exports via Baku-Novorossiysk pipeline", Regnum (2007-09-20). Retrieved on 2008-06-08.
- "В 2012 году SOCAR экспортировала 25 млн. тонн нефти по всем маршрутам", 1NEWS.AZ. Retrieved on 2013-01-10.
- Embassy of Azerbaijan in Georgia
- Karagiannis, Emmanuel (2013). Energy and Security in the Caucasus. Routledge, 27. ISBN 9781134547425.
- Stulberg, Adam N. (2007). Well-Oiled Diplomacy. Strategic Manipulation and Russia's Energy Statecraft in Eurasia. State University of New York Press, 147. ISBN 9780791470633.
- (2012) The Oil Road: Journeys From The Caspian Sea To The City Of London. Verso Books, 100. ISBN 9781844679270.
- Kandiyoti, Rafael (2012). Pipelines: Flowing Oil and Crude Politics. I.B. Tauris, 165. ISBN 9781848858398.
- "Azerbaijan Ends Oil Pumping Via Baku-Novorossiysk", Azeri Times (2009-07-31). Retrieved on 2009-12-11.
Related SourceWatch articles
Wikipedia also has an article on Baku-Novorossiysk Oil Pipeline (Baku-Novorossiysk Oil Pipeline). This article may use content from the Wikipedia article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License].