Baltic Pipeline System 1
|This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor and the Center for Media and Democracy.|
Baltic Pipeline System 1 (BPS) is a Russian oil transport system operated by the oil pipeline company Transneft.
The BPS transports oil from the Timan-Pechora region, West Siberia and Urals-Volga regions to Primorsk oil terminal at the eastern part of the Gulf of Finland.
- Operator: Transneft
- Current capacity: 1,500,000 barrels per day
- Proposed capacity:
- Length: 2,157 kilometers / 1,340 miles
- Status: Operating
- Start Year: 1999
Construction of the pipeline system occurred in three phases. Phase one was a 1,300-km section that connected Yaroslavl – Kirishi – Primorsk in 1999. Phase two was a 147-km section that connected Haryaga to Usa in 2001. Phase three was an additional 710-km pipeline that increased capacity to Primorsk, completed in 2002. In April 2006 the Baltic Pipeline System reached full design capacity.
Main elements of the BPS-1 are:
- Yaroslavl-Kirishi pipeline
- Kirishi pumping station
- Kirishi-Primorsk pipeline
- Oil terminal in Primorsk.
The capacity of the BPS-1 is 76.5 million tons of oil per year.
During planning and construction stages the project was criticized by environmentalists, mainly because of the Baltic Sea's status as a particularly sensitive sea area and Primorsk’s proximity to the Beryozovye Islands nature reserve, a major bird sanctuary protected by the Ramsar Convention.
- Main article: Baltic Pipeline System 2
The Baltic Pipeline System-2 (BPS-2) is a second trunk line of the system running from the Unecha junction of the Druzhba pipeline near the Russia-Belarus border to the Ust-Luga terminal on the Gulf of Finland with a 172-km long branch line to the Kirishi oil refinery. The construction of the BPS-2 started on 10 June 2009. and it entered in function in late March 2012.
Articles and resources
- Baltic Pipeline System (BPS), Environmental Centre IFPA, accessed September 2019
- "Baltic Pipeline System Set To Reduce Transit Dependency", St. Petersburg Times (2006-04-11). Retrieved on 2007-12-29.
- "The Baltic Pipeline System – the key federal project in the Leningrad Region", Leningrad Oblast Administration. Retrieved on 2007-12-29.
- Sergei Grivenkov (December 2000). "What impact will a new port in the Baltic have on the environment?", Journal Evropa. Retrieved on 2007-12-29. Archived from the original on 2008-05-31.
- "Russia builds Baltic oil pipeline to bypass Belarus", EurActiv (2009-06-11). Retrieved on 2009-06-30.
Related SourceWatch articles
Wikipedia also has an article on the Baltic Pipeline System. This article may use content from the Wikipedia article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.