Ekibastuz-1 power station
|This article is part of the CoalSwarm coverage of Kazakhstan and coal.|
The Ekibastuz-1 power station (also known as: Ekibastuz GRES-1 and AES-Ekibastuz) is a 4,000-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power station in Ekibastuz, Kazakhstan.
The plant is separate from the Ekibastuz-2 power station.
The undated satellite photo below shows the power station in Ekibastuz.
Most of the units were launched into service in the early 1980s. In January 1996, due to mismanagement and disrepair, the capacity of the station dropped from 1,624 to 1,025MWe, and further dropped to 655MWe by June 1996. Work at the station became hazardous: the equipment was not maintained, most of the control and emergency handling instrumentation was stolen from the power station. The units had to be frequently stopped because of break downs.
From 1996 until 2008, the power station was owned by United States-based AES Corporation. By November 1997, only three units were operational, producing 800MWe on average. In the spring of 1998, all units except one were idle. The customers owed the power station about US$150 million of unpaid tariffs. In 1999, the average produced power was 215 MWe. In 2000, it was increased to 317 MWe after much needed repairs. As a result, the power station's generating capacity was increased from 1,050 to 1,200 MWe, but the problem of finding paying customers still resulted in low production levels.
On 10 December 2009, Kazakhmys PLC announced that it would be selling a 50% stake in the power station to the National Welfare Fund Samruk-Kazyna for US$681 million. The transaction was completed on 26 February 2010. Kazakhmys and Samruk-Kazyna will create a joint supervisory board, and management positions will alternate between Kazakhmys and Samruk-Kazyna every five years. In the first five years following the transaction, Kazakhmys will appoint the management team whilst Samruk-Kazyna will appoint several key oversight positions. Over the next seven years the parties pledged to provide investment of around $1 billion at Ekibastuz, to upgrade the power station and restore it from its current capacity of 2,500 MW to its original nameplate capacity of 4,000 MW.
In June 2010, a pair of contracts were announced with Emerson Electric Company to refurbish many of the control systems on units 3 through 8. This is estimated to take 5 years to complete and is expected to increase the efficiency of the affected units at the power station.
- Sponsor: Samruk-Energo JSC
- Parent company: Samruk-Kazyna
- Location: Ekibastuz, Pavlodar, Kazakhstan
- Coordinates: 51.886137, 75.376928 (exact)
- Status: Operating
- Capacity: 4,000 MW (Units 1-8: 500 MW)
- Type: Supercritical
- Start date: 1980 (Units 1-2), 1981 (Units 3-4), 1982 (Unit 5), 1983 (Units 6-7), 1984 (Unit 8)
- Coal Type: Bituminous
- Coal Source: Ekibastuz coal basin
Articles and resources
- AES Экибастуз: из истории (Russian) (2008). Archived from the original on 2008-01-15. Retrieved on 2008-08-01.
- "AES to sell interests in Kazakhstan power plant", Power Engineering, PennWell Corporation (2008-02-05). Retrieved on 2008-02-24.
- Kazakhmys (2010-01-03). "Kazakhmys Plc completion of sale of 50% stake in Ekibastuz power plant to Samruk-Kazyna" (PDF). Press release. Retrieved on 2010-05-14.
- Emerson Electric Company (2010-06-14). "Emerson chosen to modernize controls at Ekibastuz GRES-1, largest thermal power plant in Kazakhstan". Press release. Retrieved on 2010-05-14.