Gasbol Gas Pipeline
|This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor and the Center for Media and Democracy.|
Bolivia–Brazil pipeline (GASBOL) is an operating natural gas pipeline.
The pipeline runs from Bolivia's Santa Cruz department to the state of Rio Grande do Sul in southeastern Brazil, passing through the Brazilian states of Mato Grosso do Sul, São Paulo, Paraná, and Santa Catarina.
- Operator: Petrobras (51%), BBPP Holdings (29%), YPFB Transporte do Brasil (12%), GTB-TBG Holdings (8%)
- Parent Company: Petrobras (51%), BBPP Holdings (29%), YPFB Transporte do Brasil (12%), GTB-TBG Holdings (8%)
- Current capacity: 11 billion cubic meters per year
- Proposed capacity:
- Length: 1,960 miles / 3,150 km
- Status: Operating
- Start Year: 1999
The Bolivia–Brazil pipeline (GASBOL) pipeline is the longest natural gas pipeline in South America. The 3,150-km (1,960-mi) pipeline connects Bolivia's gas sources with the southeast regions of Brazil.
The pipeline was built in two stages. The first 1,418-km (881-mi) long stretch, with a diameter varying from 610 mm to 810 mm (24 in to 32 in), started operation in June 1999. The 557-km (346-mi) Bolivian section of this initial stage extends from Río Grande (40 km south of Santa Cruz de la Sierra) to Mutún near the Bolivian-Brazilian border. After crossing the border between Puerto Suárez and Corumbá (Mato Grosso do Sul), it continues east past Campinas in the state of São Paulo to Guararema, where it's connected with the Brazilian network. The second 1,165-km (724-mi) long stretch, with a diameter varying from 410 mm to 610 mm (16 in to 24 in), which links Campinas to Canoas, near Porto Alegre in Rio Grande do Sul, was completed in March 2000.
The maximum capacity of the pipeline is 11 billion cubic feet per year of natural gas. The total cost of the pipeline was US$2.15 billion, of which US$1.72 billion was spent on the Brazilian section and US$435 million on the Bolivian section.
The pipeline is operated by Gas Transboliviano S.A. and Transportadora Brasileira Gasoduto Bolivia-Brazil S.A. (TBG). TBG, which oversees operations of the pipeline within Brazil, is jointly owned by Petrobras (51%); BBPP Holdings (29%); YPFB Transporte do Brasil (12%) and GTB-TBG Holdings (8%).
Expiration of original contract
TBG's original 20-year contract for the pipeline, signed in 1999, will expire on Dec. 31, 2019. The contract allowed for a maximum supply of 30 million cubic meters of natural gas per day, with 80% of that (24 million cubic meters per day) to be supplied on a "take or pay" basis. In February 2017, Petrobras reported that levels of natural gas transported through the pipeline had dropped 45% below peak capacity due to weak demand associated with Brazil's economic crisis. The drop-off in demand, combined with other recent developments (Brazilian initiatives aimed at increasing energy self-sufficiency, depletion of Bolivia's natural gas reserves) have raised questions regarding renewal of the current contract when it expires in 2019. The Brazilian government has announced that it will seek alternative buyers for gas transported through the pipeline if Petrobras fails to renew the contract at current levels. A December 2018 tender for a new contract was delayed, and a June 2019 tender was also delayed.
Articles and resources
- Project Closing Report, Natural Gas Centre of Excellence Project, Mar. 20, 2005, archived on the Wayback Machine, accessed February 2018
- "El Gasoducto Bolivia-Brasil", Gas Transboliviano website, accessed March 2018.
- Mares, David R. (May 2004). Natural Gas Pipelines in The Southern Cone (PDF), Geopolitics of Gas, Stanford Institute for International Studies, James Baker Institute. Retrieved on 2007-05-12.
- (2003) South American Gas. Daring to Tap the Bounty. (PDF), International Energy Agency. ISBN 92-64-19663-3. Retrieved on 2007-05-12.
- "As Incertezas na Renovação do Contrato do Gasbol", Energy Way, Apr. 18, 2017.
- Brazil oil regulator says Gasbol pipeline tender delayed, Reuters, Dec. 11, 2018
- Brazil postpones tender to contract Gasbol pipeline capacity, BN Americas, Jun. 11, 2019
Related SourceWatch articles
Wikipedia also has an article on GASBOL Gas Pipeline (GASBOL). This article may use content from the Wikipedia article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License].