Gerald R. Ford
Gerald R. Ford, the only President and Vice President of the United States who served without being elected to either office, died December 26, 2006, at the age of 93.  Gerald Rudolph Ford, born July 14, 1913, was the 38th (1974-1977) President of the United States.
Ford was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives for 24 years (1949-1973), where he served on the Warren Commission, and became Minority Leader of the House. When Vice President Spiro Agnew resigned during Richard M. Nixon's presidency, Nixon appointed Ford (with the approval of the U.S. Senate) to take his place. When Nixon then resigned in the wake of the Watergate scandal, Ford ascended the presidency and proclaimed that, "Our long national nightmare is over." Ford gave Nixon a 'blanket' pardon for his dealings in the Watergate scandal - which also forgave anything else Nixon might have ever done.
The economy was a great concern during the Ford administration. In response to rising inflation, Ford went before the American public on television in October, 1974 and asked them to "whip inflation now" (WIN); as part of this program, he urged people to wear "WIN" buttons. However, many perceived this as simply a gimmick without offering any effective means of solving the problem.
In the aftermath of Watergate, the Democrats scored major gains in both the House and the Senate in the 1974 elections. Ford and Congress battled over legislation, with Ford vetoing scores of Democrat-supported bills.
The economic focus began to change as the country sank into a recession, and in March, 1975, Ford and Congress signed into law income tax rebates to help boost the economy.
Ford also faced a foreign policy crisis with the Mayaguez Incident. In 1975, shortly after the Khmer Rouge took power in Cambodia, Cambodians seized an American merchant ship, the Mayaguez, in international waters. Ford dispatched Marines to rescue the crew, but the marines landed on the wrong island and met unexpectedly stiff resistance just as, unknown to the US, the Mayaguez sailors were being released. Several American soldiers were killed in the fighting.
It is believed that Ford's pardoning of Nixon, along with the continuing economic problems, may have cost him the election in 1976. His campaign may also have been hampered by a strong challenge that year for the nomination in his party by Ronald Reagan.
Ford was from Michigan and played football for the University of Michigan.
- Advisor to the Board of Directors, American Express Company 
- Honorary co-chair of the Council for Excellence in Government
- Executive Advisory Board, Heart of America Foundation 
- ^ "Unknown article title", The News (Port Arthur, Texas), November 7, 1976.
- "Gerald Ford 'troubled' by former generals' Rumsfeld complaints," Associated Press (The Mercury News), April 21, 2006. re Rumsfeld and the Generals
- Media Mouse, "Sanitizing the Death of Ford, What the Media isn't telling us," Mediamouse.org, December 26, 2006.
- Mark Feeney, "President Gerald Ford has died," Boston Globe, December 27, 2006.
- Bob Woodward, "Ford Disagreed With Bush About Invading Iraq," Washington Post, December 28, 2006.
- Dana Milbank, "At the Capitol, VIP Roll Call Has Many No-Shows," Washington Post, December 31, 2006.
- Media Mouse, "Independent Press offers Alternative Views of President Gerald R. Ford," Mediamouse.org, December 31, 2006.
- Mickey Z, "Hussein and Ford = Two Dead Criminals", Znet, January 01, 2007.
- Executive Advisory Board, Heart of America Foundation, accessed September 8, 2008.