Google is a publicly traded company best known for the Google Internet search engine.
- 1 Google's PR
- 2 Alternative Media Censorship
- 3 China and internet censorship
- 4 Lobbying and Political Engagement
- 5 Google books
- 6 Board of Alphabet (2020)
- 7 Personnel
- 8 Lobbyists in Washington D.C.
- 9 Contact details
- 10 SourceWatch resources
- 11 Website challenging Google
- 12 External links
This was part of Goole’s European expansion whilst trying to curtail growing public criticism. The search engine had been facing growing disapproval over privacy and censorship issues. PR Week stated that “It will also require sharper reactions to press criticism.” Google stopped working with Firefly Communications in November 2005. The agency was hired six months previously to aid Google's two-strong UK PR team. 
In September, 2006 Roll Call and other sources reported that Google has hired DCI Group, evoking this response from Talking Points Memo: "DCI, if you're not familiar with them, is an interlocking group of companies which is the phony seed bed for most noxious astroturf organizing and general bamboozlement in contemporary politics." 
Alternative Media Censorship
"On January 12, 2007 Google has stopped indexing Uruknet.info as a news source." 
"Uruknet is a not-for-profit online news outlet publishing news and analysis coming from a wide range of sources: mainstream and alternative media, analysts, academics, bloggers, independent writers, etc. Its main focus is occupied Iraq.
China and internet censorship
On January 25, 2006, Google launched a search engine in China that censors material about human rights, Tibet and other issues that the regime in Beijing is opposed to. Web searches for the Falun Gong spiritual movement were removed and browsers were instead directed to articles condemning the group posted on Chinese government Web sites. Searches for subjects like the Tibetan leader the Dalai Lama, Taiwan independence, and terms such as democracy and human rights produced similar results. 
Google’s primary motivation for acquiescing to China’s demands appears to be enhancing its share in the world's second-largest internet market. China offers a potentially lucrative market for internet companies as it is home to an estimated 94 million web users, second in size only to the United States. 
Previously, the Beijing regime blocked the results of search requests that violated its regulations. The new Google site will self-censor based on Chinese law. 
Back in 2002, Human Rights Watch supported Google previous stance of not towing the Chinese regime to censor content.  However after Google decided to give in to the demands of Beijing in 2006, the search engine was criticized by the media watchdog Reporters Without Borders, which was also critical of Yahoo and MSN.com for succumbing to China’s censorship policy.
The following link illustrates the example of a normal Google search compared to its Chinese version. 
Another instance of the obvious censorship is to search for image results for "Tiananmen," on the Chinese version. Results provide a sanitised version of photos of the Beijing square.  However, if you were to look at "Tiananmen," through another version you get photos of tanks taken during the crushing of student protests during the riots in 1989. 
Google China, is headed by Kai-Fu Lee, formerly a Microsoft executive and the founder in 1998 of Microsoft Research Asia. He became the focus of a 2005 legal dispute between Google and Microsoft, due to a one-year non-compete agreement that he signed with Microsoft in 2000 when he became its corporate vice president of interactive services.  
Lobbying and Political Engagement
Google’s political activities are overseen by the Public Policy & Government Affairs, run by VP of Public Policy & Government Affairs Susan Molinari. State-level political activities are run by Google’s Director of State Public Policy John Burchett. The activities and contributions are also reviewed by Google’s Ethics & Compliance team, led by VP of Ethics & Compliance Andy Hinton.
Support for Conservative Groups
Google funds "politically-engaged trade associations and other tax-exempt groups" and "a number of independent third-party organizations whose federally-focused work intersects in some way with technology and Internet policy" that include:
- American Action Forum
- American Conservative Union
- American Enterprise Institute
- American Legislative Exchange Council
- Federalist Society
- Mercatus Center
- Heritage Foundation
- National Taxpayers Union
- Texas Public Policy Foundation
- U.S. Chamber of Commerce
- U.S. Hispanic Chamber of Commerce
- Washington Legal Foundation
Support for Conservative Politicians
Concerned at the implications of Google's attempt to build an online digital library, a splinter group called the Open Content Alliance has launched a not-for-profit effort to scan the collections of major libraries and make them available online.  "You are talking about the fruits of our civilization and culture. You want to keep it open and certainly don't want any company to enclose it," explained Doron Weber, program director of public understanding of science and technology for the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. Google's proprietary approach has been met with lawsuits from authors and publishers concerned about infringement on their copyrights, which has in turn forced the company to place restrictions on its digital-book copies to ensure that "only small excerpts from the copyrighted material appear online." 
Board of Alphabet (2020)
- Larry Page
- Sergey Brin
- Sundar Pichai
- John L. Hennessy
- Frances Arnold
- L. John Doerr
- Roger W. Ferguson, Jr.
- Ann Mather
- Alan R. Mulally
- K. Ram Shriram
- Robin L. Washington
Executive Management Group
- Eric Schmidt Chairman of the Executive Committee and Chief Executive Officer
- Larry Page Co-Founder & President, Products
- Sergey Brin Co-Founder & President, Technology
- Shona Brown Senior Vice President, Business Operations
- W. M. Coughran Jr. Vice President, Engineering
- David C. Drummond Senior Vice President, Corporate Development
- Alan Eustace Senior Vice President, Engineering & Research
- Urs Hölzle Senior Vice President, Operations & Google Fellow
- Jeff Huber Vice President, Engineering
- Omid Kordestani Senior Vice President, Global Sales & Business Development
- George Reyes Senior Vice President & Chief Financial Officer
- Jonathan Rosenberg Senior Vice President, Product Management
- Elliot Schrage Vice President, Global Communications & Public Affairs
Google Management Group
- Tim Armstrong Vice President, Advertising Sales
- Nikesh Arora Vice President, European Operations
- Sukhinder Singh Cassidy Vice President, Asia-Pacific & Latin America Operations
- Vinton G. Cerf Vice President & Chief Internet Evangelist
- Dave Girouard Vice President & General Manager, Enterprise
- Salar Kamangar Vice President, Product Management
- Marissa Mayer Vice President, Search Products & User Experience
- Douglas Merrill Vice President, Engineering
- Norio Murakami Vice President & General Manager, Google Japan
- Miriam Rivera Vice President & Deputy General Counsel
- Sheryl Sandberg Vice President, Global Online Sales & Operations
- Susan Wojcicki Vice President, Product Management
Board of Directors
- Eric Schmidt
- Sergey Brin
- Larry Page
- John Doerr - Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers
- Michael Moritz - Sequoia Capital
- Ram Shriram - Sherpalo
- John Hennessy - Stanford University
- Arthur Levinson - Genentech
- Paul Otellini - Intel
- Shirley M. Tilghman - Princeton University
- Ann Mather
Information obtained from Google Corporate Information: Management
Lobbyists in Washington D.C.
1600 Amphitheatre Parkway
Mountain View, CA 94043
- Google Watch
- Google Foundation
- Eileen Naughton
- Ellen E. West
- Ory Okolloh - Africa
- Matt Brittin - UK
- Rajan Anandan - India
- Chade-Meng Tan
- Patrick Pichette - cfo
- Joanna Shields - former MD
Website challenging Google
- "Google Watch" - A criticism of Google; argues that Google's privacy policies are undermining the Web
- Yelp Joins With Advocacy Group ALEC to Fight SLAPP Lawsuits, Daily Beast, Aug 15 2013
- Google U.S. Public Policy Transparency
- Google Net PAC, Google Washington, Political Party Time.
- Alphabet Board, organizational web page, accessed April 5, 2020.
- Gary Rivlen, "Relax, Bill Gates; It's Google's Turn as the Villain", New York Times, August 24, 2005.
- "Google agrees to censor results in China", Associated Press, January 25, 2006.
- "Google to censor itself in China", CNN, January 26, 2006
- Ian Hall, "Google in triple hire to stem media backlash", PR Week, February 9, 2006.
- Clive Thompson, "Google's China Problem (and China's Google Problem)", April 23, 2006.
- Judy Sarasohn, "Google Bolsters Its Washington Presence", Washington Post, May 25, 2006; Page A27. (sub req'd).
- Chris Thompson, "Publishers vs. the Censorbot: As Google becomes more crucial to the revenues of online news sites, its practice of withholding ads from edgy stories threatens Web journalism.", East Bay Express, August 2, 2006.
- "Google library: Open culture?", CNN, December 19, 2006.
- "Action Alert! Google did it again! (updated)", uruknet.info, January 20, 2006.
- Gabriele Zamparini, "Action Alert: Google the Censor", uruknet.info, January 23, 2007.
- Stephen Hutcheon, "Smile, you're on Google's candid camera", Sydney Morning Herald, June 4, 2007.
- "Watchdog group pans Google's privacy policies as worst on the Web", Associated Press, June 9, 2007.
- Frank Davies, "Senators grill tech companies on aiding Chinese censorship," San Jose Mercury News (California), May 21, 2008.
|This article is a stub. You can help by expanding it.|