Hazira-Vijaipur-Jagdishpur (HVJ) Gas Pipeline
|This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor and the Center for Media and Democracy.|
The Hazira-Vijaipur-Jagdishpur (HVJ) Gas Pipeline is an operating natural gas pipeline.
The pipeline runs from Hazira, Gujarat through Vijaipur, Madhya Pradesh to Jagdishpur, Uttar Pradesh.
- Operator: Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL)
- Parent Company: Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL)
- Current Capacity: 12 billion cubic meters per year
- Length: 2,158 miles / 3,474 kilometers
- Status: Operating
- Start Year: 1997
HVJ is an abbreviation for Hazira-Vijaipur-Jagdishpur (also known as HBJ where B stands for Bijeypur, another name of Vijaipur) is India's first cross country gas pipeline. The project was started in 1986 after the incorporation of Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL) to supply gas to fertilizer plants located in the state of Uttar Pradesh. The first phase of the project consisting of a non-branched 1,750 kilometer grid was commissioned in 1997. Later on the system was expanded with additional branches to supply gas for industrial and domestic use in the states of Rajasthan, Haryana and National Capital Territory of India, which increased the total grid length to 3,474 km.
In 1998, newly established Indraprastha Gas took control of the Delhi branch of the pipeline to set up a citywide gas grid.
4 compressor stations at Hazira, Jhabua, Vijaipur and Auraiya house 28 gas turbine-powered compressors and 8 gas turbine-powered generators to produce electrical power required for operation of the stations (total output for the 4 stations being 101,000 KW). Each compressor station incorporates a gas cooling system, electricity generating sets, firefighting systems, fuel gas metering systems and all necessary instrumentation and control.
The entire grid has 10 terminals typically having gas filtration and heating systems relief, and metering and analyzer systems.
Telecommunications and SCADA systems
The HVJ pipeline system consists of receiving and dispatch terminals for the supply of metered gas, compressor stations for boosting the pressure of gas, the SCADA system to provide central monitoring and control, and a dedicated GAILTEL communications system to provide reliable voice and data communication.
Articles and resources
Related SourceWatch articles
Wikipedia also has an article on Hazira-Vijaipur-Jagdishpur (HVJ) Gas Pipeline (Hazira-Vijaipur-Jagdishpur (HVJ) Gas Pipeline). This article may use content from the Wikipedia article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License].