Iran–Armenia gas pipeline
|This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor and the Center for Media and Democracy.|
Iran-Armenia gas pipeline is an operational natural gas pipeline .
The 100-kilometre (62 mi) long Iranian section runs from Tabriz to the Iran–Armenia border. The Armenian section runs from the Meghri region to Sardarian.
- Operator: National Iranian Gas Company
- Current capacity: 105.9 million cubic feet per day
- Proposed capacity: 222.5 million cubic meters per day by 2019
- Length: 100 km
- Status: Operational
- Start Year: Unknown
The plans to build the pipeline was initially announced on 15 April 2002 by Armenian Energy Minister Armen Movsisian. It started operations on 20 December 2006, and was officially inaugurated by the Presidents Mahmoud Ahmadinejad of Iran and Robert Kocharyan of Armenia on 19 March 2007. There are discussions to build a second pipeline from Iran to Armenia.
Many suspect that the pipeline's diameter was reduced from 1,420 to 700 millimetres (56 to 28 in) under pressure from Gazprom, which purchased a majority share in the Armenian section of the pipeline through its subsidiary, Armrosgazprom. If the pipeline had been built at the initial diameter, it would have allowed Iran to export to markets in Europe, therefore competing with Russia's own natural gas industry. Analysts argue that the pipeline was in part intended to extend Iran's influence in Caucasus, however was subdued to Russian control before the construction ended.
On 11 November 2009, Armenian officials reported an explosion of some segment of the pipeline within the Armenian borders. Once the damage is repaired, Iran will resume flow of gas to Armenia.
Articles and resources
- Iran Gas Trunkline, Wikipedia, Accessed 3 February 2018
- Armenian Minister Announces New Accord for Proposed Iran-Armenia Pipeline, Central Asia - Caucasus Institute, 15 April 2002
- Iran-Armenia gas pipeline inaugurated, Tehran Times, 4 December 2008
- Iran-Armenia gas pipeline: far more than meets the eye, Vladimir Socor, Jamestown Foundation, retrieved 18 November 2009
- Iran: Squeezed by Turkmenistan and Russia, Stratfor, 29 April 2009 retrieved 18 November 2009
- Pipeline blast halts Iran gas export to Armenia, Tehran Times, 12 November 2009, retrieved 18 November 2009