John V. Krutilla

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Professor John V. Krutilla (1922–2003)

"“The founding father of the modern theory of resource conservation”

"John V Krutilla was one of the designers of cost benefit analysis and its use for public investment projects. He developed the existing theory of investment to incorporate external consequences. His research led to the extensions of the principles of public investment theory to the conservation of wild and endangered species, wild lands, river and scenic resources.

"From 1955 until retiring in 1988, Dr. Krutilla was a staff economist with Resources for the Future, a Washington-based think tank. During that period, his research played a key role in the development of economic analyses of the value of natural resources and was a major influence on the public dialogue concerning environmental issues.

"Krutilla’s work has then been important for a number of laws in the United States such as: The Natural Environmental Policy Act, the Endangered Species Act, the Compensation and Liability Act." [1]

Resources and articles

Related Sourcewatch articles


  1. Pioneers during a time when nobody worried about the cost, Volvo Environment Prize, accessed October 6, 2009.