Joint defense

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Joint defense agreements were made between the major tobacco companies to jointly defend themselves in litigation. The companies agreed that they shared common interests, and that they would cooperate with each other and share information and strategies in fighting these cases. The agreement was also a way to share the costs of litigation.[1] [1]

Related Sourcewatch resources

  • Project XA (Palladium cigarette - threats to expel Liggett from joint defense if the company marketed a safer cigarette)

External resources/Related documents


  1. J.J. Mulderig, Philip Morris Codicil to Joint Defense Agreement December 18, 1998. 4 pp. Bates No. 2078065974/5977