The COP15 conference ended with little progress being made on finalising a replacement agreement to the Kyoto Protocol. Instead, the U.S. and a group of other countries drafted the Copenhagen Accord
, a 12-point plan aimed at providing a global framework for addressing global warming. However, the “accord” has been widely criticized for the ‘take it or leave it’ approach to its development and its lack of specific binding targets and strategies. The accord had its origins in the Copenhagen Agreement
which was developed by the "Circle of Commitment
" and leaked to the Guardian early during the COP15 conference. The most recent international climate conference, COP16
, took place in Mexico from November 29 – December 10.
, the President of the Maldives, delivered a powerful speech to a 350.org event at the COP15 conference. In it he urged listeners to continue protests in support of dramatic greenhouse gas reductions. "My message to you is to continue the protests. Continue after Copenhagen. Continue despite the odds. And eventually, together, we will reach that crucial number: Three – five – oh. In all political agreements, you have to be prepared to negotiate. You have to be prepared to compromise; to give and take. That is the nature of politics. But physics isn’t politics. On climate change, there are things on which we cannot negotiate. There are scientific bottom lines that we have to respect. We know what the laws of physics say. And I think you know too. The most important number in the world. The most important number you’ll ever hear. The most important number you’ll ever say. These three words: Three – five – oh. (Three – five – oh) (Three - five – oh)".